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Building the New Nation Mr. Johnson U.S. History.

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Presentation on theme: "Building the New Nation Mr. Johnson U.S. History."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building the New Nation Mr. Johnson U.S. History

2 James Madison’s Presidency

3 James Madison 1809-1817 “Father of the Constitution” Federalist Papers Bill of Rights Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions Democratic- Republican Secretary of State

4 Indian Relations

5 “Five Civilized Tribes”

6 Adopted English Customs –Farming –Christianity –Schools –Cabins –Written language (Sequoyah) –Tribal constitutions

7 Northwest Indian War Treaty of Greenville (1796) Ends the war Representatives from 10 tribes cede part of NW Territory Some tribes rejected the treaty…

8 Treaty of Ft. Wayne (1809) Gen. William Henry Harrison Additional land purchase after Treaty of Greenville Tecumseh –rejected the treaty –Threatened to make alliance with British

9 Tecumseh & Harrison

10 Tenskwatawa & Tecumseh Tenskwatawa – “Shawnee Prophet” Tecumseh – Military leader Indian confederacy to resist expansion into NW Territory

11 William Henry Harrison Battle of Tippecanoe –Burning of Prophetstown –Victory over Tenskwatawa –National hero –Later slogan: “Tippecanoe & Tyler Too!”

12 Foreign Policy

13 Background American Revolution Neutrality/Jay’s Treaty Impressment –Chesapeake- Leopard Affair Embargo Act –Non-Intercourse Act –Macon’s Bill #2

14 Impressment

15 War Hawks Young Democratic- Republican leaders Wanted to protect American interests Webster, Clay, Calhoun

16 War Hawks’ Goals Northerners –Seize Canada Southerners –Seize Florida All War Hawks –Stop impressment –Protect trade –Expand westward

17 Causes of the War 1.Impressment… 2.…Interference with trade 3.British provocation of Native American attacks

18 Fighting the War

19 Overview 1812-1814, 1815* Three Phases –U.S. invasion of Canada/Great Lakes –British invasion of Chesapeake Bay –Battle of New Orleans Treaty of Ghent

20 Battle of Lake Erie Oliver Hazard Perry: “We have met the enemy, and they are ours!”

21 Invasion of Canada

22 Death of Tecumseh (1813)

23 Burning of Washington, DC

24 Attack on Fort McHenry

25 Star-Spangled Banner

26 Hartford Convention 1814 New England states threaten to secede because of the war End up only calling for amendments to increase their political power

27 Hartford Convention

28 Daniel Webster Protested the poor conduct of the war Criticized secession movement –“Liberty and Union”

29 The War Ends

30 Treaty of Ghent (1814) Stalemated war Unpopular on both sides -“Mr. Madison’s War” Peace between U.S., Canada, & Britain Ghent, Belgium

31 Creek War Gen. Andrew Jackson Creek were allied with British Treaty of Ft. Jackson (1814)

32 Battle of New Orleans (1815) British tried to seize the strategic port before word of the treaty reached them Ended war on a “happy note” for U.S.

33 Jackson at New Orleans

34 Andrew Jackson

35 William Henry Harrison

36 Great Triumvirate Three Powerful Senators –Henry Clay (west) –Daniel Webster (north) –John C. Calhoun (south)

37 Roman Triumvirate Joint rule of Rome –Octavian –Antony –Lepidus Led to in-fighting

38 Domestic Policy

39 The “American System” Henry Clay –bank –Tariff –Internal improvements

40 Bank of United States Charter lapsed in 1811 Madison vetoed bank bills Wartime inflation & debt Re-chartered in 1816

41 Tariff of 1816 First protective tariff (rather than revenue tariff)… …Henry Clay’s “American System”

42 Internal Improvements Roads & canals Interstate commerce Agrarian vs. industrial

43 Effects of the War “2 nd War for Independence”… Future U.S./British friendliness Wave of nationalism… Era of Good Feelings Tribes were crushed… Indian removal Rise of new heroes… Jackson, Harrison & Great Triumvirate Wartime economic woes… “Federalist” economic plan

44 James Monroe’s Presidency

45 James Monroe Diplomat Secretary of War & State Louisiana Purchase Democratic- Republican Virginia… “dynasty”

46 Election of 1816 Dying Federalist Party Electoral vote –Monroe: 183 –King: 34

47 Election of 1820 Electoral vote –Monroe: 231 –Adams: 1

48 James Monroe Major Issues –Foreign policy successes –Domestic nationalism & sectionalism

49 Monroe’s Diplomacy

50 John Quincy Adams Monroe’s Secretary of State Peaceful relations with Spain and Britain/Canada

51 Adams-Onis Treaty

52 Rush-Bagot Treaty U.S.-British agreement Demilitarization of Great Lakes

53 Treaty of 1818 (49 th Parallel)

54 Monroe Doctrine


56 Nationalism & Sectionalism

57 “Era of Good Feeling” National optimism Dem.–Rep. domination –“Era of Good Feeling” –Death of Federalist Party… –…“National Republicans”

58 Marshall’s Federalist Court Gibbons v. Ogden –Interstate commerce McCulloch v. Maryland –National bank/ national supremacy

59 Panic of 1819 Causes Failure to re-charter National Bank War of 1812 caused debt Banks called in loans Effects Foreclosures Bank Failures Unemployment Reduced production

60 Missouri Compromise Missouri – slave Maine – free 36-30 line Sectional conflict -Jefferson’s “firebell in the night”

61 The Virginia Dynasty Washington – Virginia Adams – Massachusetts Jefferson – Virginia Madison – Virginia Monroe – Virginia

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