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1 Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles North Carolina Division of.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles North Carolina Division of."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles North Carolina Division of Air Quality 2 nd Stakeholder Meeting Raleigh, NC August 13, 2008

2 2 Agenda Introduction and Background 2 nd draft of the Pre-Draft Rule Discussion Timeline / Next Steps

3 3 Background 15A NCAC 02D.1009 NCDAQ adopted the California on-road heavy- duty diesel (HDD) regulations by reference in 2004 as a backstop in case USEPA delayed or relaxed their HDD regulations. In 2006 California amended the rule that is referenced in 02D.1009 –Requires automatic engine idle shutdown systems (AESS) for 2008 and later model year HDD engines

4 4 Background 15A NCAC 02D.1009 Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA) presented concerns with the AESS element of the rule Low idle NOx certified engine option is not available yet… Will be by end of 2008

5 5 Background 15A NCAC 02D.1009 until December 31, 2009 As a result of meetings with the EMA, NCDAQ proposed a conditional agreement to defer enforcement of the AESS until December 31, 2009 as long as the EMA and engine manufacturers agreed to: 1.Assist NCDAQ in the development of an operator idle rule for HDD 2.Supply low idle NOx certified engines to NC when certified by CARB 3.Comply with the USEPA 2010 HDD engine standards

6 6 Idle reduction program 02D.1009 AESS or low NOx for HDD 02D.1010 Operator rule Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of Goal: Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of On-road Heavy Duty Vehicles

7 7 Why do we need an Idle Reduction Program in NC ? Mobile sources contribute significantly to our ozone air quality problems 54% of on-road mobile NOx comes from the HDVs that would be subject to this rule.

8 8 If the rule reduces idling by 70%, then the NOx emissions benefit would be: 10.9 tons/day * 0.7 = 7.6 tons/day

9 9 Why do we need an Idle Reduction Program in NC ? Need to address current and future nonattainment areas March 12, 2009 – State recommends boundaries for nonattainment areas based on data March 12, 2010 – EPA designates nonattainment areas based on either or data

10 10 Why do we need an Idle Reduction Program in NC ? Goals: –Maintain compliance with NAAQS –Reduce localized risks associated with fine particles (PM2.5) and toxics from idling vehicles –Reduce carbon footprint Low hanging fruit has been picked Current strategy focuses on finding small reductions that will add up …Like idle reduction

11 11 Eliminating Unnecessary Idling Options Are Available ! Auxiliary Power Units (APUs) Diesel Driven Heating Systems Cold Storage - Air Condition System Automated Startup and Shutdown Systems Shore Power Building Refuge See Appendix A of this document for a comprehensive list of Idling Reduction Technologies:

12 12 Idle Reduction is a logical cost effective step to improving air quality in NC U.S. EPA provides a cost savings example showing $3,600 per year could be saved if a truck used an auxiliary power unit (APU) U.S. EPA is offering financial tools to help companies with the capital cost of APUs –http://www.smartwayfinancecenter.com/http://www.smartwayfinancecenter.com/ –http://www.epa.gov/smartway/http://www.epa.gov/smartway/

13 13 EXAMPLE Cost Savings Calculations Note: Assumed 10 hours of idling per day for 260 days per year. Note: Assumed average cost of diesel APU is $10K. Note: NCDAQ will be drafting a fiscal note to support this rule-making effort over the coming months.

14 14 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version Thank you for your comments! Applicability Requirements Exemptions Definitions

15 15 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version Red underlined text = new Red shaded text = removed

16 16 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (a) Applicability –The requirements of this rule shall apply to on-road heavy-duty vehicles powered in-part or entirely by an internal combustion engine.

17 17 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (d) Requirements. –(1)No person who owns, operates or leases a heavy-duty vehicle or who owns, leases or occupies land and has the actual or apparent dominion or control over the operation of a heavy-duty vehicle on such land shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow idling for a period of time in excess of 5 consecutive minutes in any 60 minute period;

18 18 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (d) Requirements. –(2) Any person provided educational materials by the Division of Air Quality shall distribute the materials to heavy-duty vehicle operators on their property. Any person provided signage by the Division of Air Quality shall display the signage on their property at eye-level, no more than 10 feet on both sides of the entrance used by heavy-duty vehicle operators. Any person who voluntarily distributes educational materials or posts signage may request available materials from the Division of Air Quality. Electronic copies of educational materials and signage are available at

19 19 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (d) Requirements. –(3) Heavy-duty vehicles located in queue areas are not exempted from this Rule.

20 20 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(1) Heavy-duty vehicles may idle if they remain motionless due to traffic conditions, official traffic control devices or signals, congestion, or at the direction of a law enforcement official. officials; –(2) Emergency vehicles may idle while performing an emergency or training function; –(3) Military vehicles; are exempt;

21 21 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(4) Heavy-duty vehicles may idle main propulsion engines to provide operate power take offs to perform the heavy-duty vehicles designed functions (e.g., for refrigeration of cargo, processing of cargo, dumping, lifting, hoisting, drilling, mixing, loading, unloading, and other necessary operations requiring the use of power take off offs). This exemption does not apply when idling only for driver comfort;

22 22 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(5) Heavy-duty vehicles may idle if following manufacturers recommendations for cold engine startup and engine cool-down, maintenance, inspection, servicing, repairing, or diagnostic purposes, if idling is required for such activity;

23 23 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(6) Heavy-duty vehicles with an occupied sleeper berth compartment may idle for the purposes of air conditioning or heating during federally mandated rest or sleep periods. This exemption shall expire on May 1, 2010; 2011; –(7) Auxiliary power units; units are exempt; ;

24 24 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(8) Heavy-duty vehicles with a primary diesel engine meeting the NOx idling emission standard in Title 13, of the California Code of Regulations, Section (a)(6)(C).

25 25 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(9) A passenger bus shall meet the requirements in (d)(1) except when non- driver passengers are on board the vehicle. A passenger bus may idle in excess of 5 consecutive minutes in any 60-minute period when non-driver passengers are on board the vehicle to maintain passenger compartment temperature between 77 and 82 degrees and between 62 and 67 degrees.

26 26 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (c) Exemptions. The following exemptions to idle restrictions shall apply to this rule: –(10) Vendors that provide customer comfort in climate controlled heavy-duty vehicles for business purposes (e.g., library bookmobile, blood mobile, safety shoe and safety glasses vendors). This exemption does not apply when idling only for driver comfort.

27 27 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (b) Definitions. For the purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply: –Congestion means a situation which occurs when the volume of traffic exceeds the capacity of a roadway. –Emergency means a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment.

28 28 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (b) Definitions. For the purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply: –Emergency vehicle means any vehicle that is designated and authorized to respond to an emergency. These vehicles are operated by designated agencies, often part of the government, but also run by charities, non- governmental organizations and some commercial companies.

29 29 Pre-Draft Rule – 2 nd version (b) Definitions. For the purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply: –Power take off means providing power from the motor vehicles propulsion engine to a trailer or other equipment. a heavy-duty vehicles propulsion engine supplies mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, or electric power to non-vehicular mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, or electrically operated devices. –Queue area means an area used by heavy-duty vehicles waiting to provide or receive services.

30 30 Timeline DRAFT Timeline for rule-making Rule Concept to AQCMarch 2008 Stakeholder MeetingMay 28, 2008 Pre-draft commentsJune 20, nd Stakeholder MtgAugust 13, 2008 Draft Rule to AQCSeptember 10, 2008 Draft Rule to EMCNovember 2008 Public HearingJanuary 2009 State Effective RuleMay 2009

31 31 Other… Outreach plan Enforcement policy

32 32 Contact Information Mike Abraczinskas, EIT Rules Development Branch Supervisor NC Division of Air Quality (919) –Visit our web site:


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