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Physical Activity Susan Brotherton, Physical Education Specialist.

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Presentation on theme: "Physical Activity Susan Brotherton, Physical Education Specialist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Activity Susan Brotherton, Physical Education Specialist

2 Tennessee Coordinated School Health Mission To improve student health and their capacity to learn through the support of families, communities and schools. To improve student health and their capacity to learn through the support of families, communities and schools.

3 CDCs Coordinated School Health Components

4 Student Overweight Rates Based on CSH pilot site data, 43% of all students are either at-risk for overweight or overweight. Based on CSH pilot site data, 43% of all students are either at-risk for overweight or overweight. TDOH data collected from 14,000 students found that 43% of all students were either at-risk for overweight or overweight. TDOH data collected from 14,000 students found that 43% of all students were either at-risk for overweight or overweight. Overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming overweight or obese adults. Overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming overweight or obese adults. Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are alarming. Today, about 16 percent of all children and teens in the United States are overweight.

5 Childhood Weight Trends 31% of youth, 6-19 years, are at risk for overweight or overweight. 31% of youth, 6-19 years, are at risk for overweight or overweight. 1 in 10 of 2-5 year olds are at risk of overweight or overweight. 1 in 10 of 2-5 year olds are at risk of overweight or overweight. 1 in 6.5 of 6-11 year olds at risk of overweight or overweight. 1 in 6.5 of 6-11 year olds at risk of overweight or overweight. Since 1980, the % of overweight (OW) children in the U.S. has nearly tripled. Since 1980, the % of overweight (OW) children in the U.S. has nearly tripled.

6 In Tennessee TN ranked 9th in the U.S. for the highest rate of adult obesity in 2006. 1 Heart disease and stroke are the 1st and 3rd leading causes of death & disability in TN. 2 Good News…Coordinated School Health! Monroe County, CSH pilot site, over a 3-yr period reduced the percentage of students at risk of OW or OW from 46.37% to 43.77%. 3 1. Univ of Baltimore Obesity Report, 2006. 2. TN Dept of Health, TN State Univ, Center for Health Research, and Univ of TN Health Science Center. 2006. The Burden of Heart Disease and Stroke in Tennessee. Nashville, TN: TN Department of Health. 3. Weighing the Costs of Obesity in Tennessee. March 2006. Report No. R-03-06.

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8 Between 1970 and 1980, the number of fast-food outlets in the United States increased from about 30,000 to 140,000, and sales increased by about 300 percent. In 2001, there were about 222,000 fast-food outlets. (Paeratakul S, Ferdinand D, Champagne C, Ryan D, Bray G. Fast-food consumption among US adults and children. J Am Diet Assoc 2003:103:1332-8)

9 Children eat nearly twice as many calories (770) at restaurants as they do during a meal at home (420). (Zoumas-Morse C, Rock CL, Sobo EJ, Neuhouser ML. Childrens patterns of macronutrient intake and associations with restaurant and home eating. J Am Diet Assoc 2001;101-923-5)

10 PEPPERONI PIZZA 20 Years AgoToday 500 calories How many calories are in two large slices of todays pizza?

11 PEPPERONI PIZZA 20 Years AgoToday 500 calories850 calories Calorie Difference: 350 calories

12 How long will you have to shovel snow or scrub a floor on hands and knees in order to burn those extra 350 calories?* *Based on 160-pound person Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out

13 If you shovel snow by hand or scrub a floor on hands and knees for 1 hour you will burn approximately 350 calories.* *Based on 160-pound person Calories In = Calories Out

14 THE CURRENT SITUATION… ENERGY IMBALANCE ! 10,000 steps/ day = 290 kcals 3500 kcals = 1 pound

15 Current Trends…Physical Activity From 1991 to 1999, the % of students attending daily PE declined from 42% to 29% (1999). From 1991 to 1999, the % of students attending daily PE declined from 42% to 29% (1999). Nearly ½ of people age 12-21 do not engage in regular PA (2000). Nearly ½ of people age 12-21 do not engage in regular PA (2000). Only 30% of adults 18 and older engage in regular physical activity (2001). Only 30% of adults 18 and older engage in regular physical activity (2001).

16 Physical Activity Levels are affected by… Elimination of PE / recess in schools Elimination of PE / recess in schools Reductions in physical activity required for daily living Reductions in physical activity required for daily living Physical environment, transportation, labor saving devicesPhysical environment, transportation, labor saving devices Competition from attractive sedentary activities Competition from attractive sedentary activities Television, video/DVD, computer games, internetTelevision, video/DVD, computer games, internet Current Trends…Physical Activity

17 T I M E !

18 Six out of 10 children ages 9-13 dont participate in any kind of organized sports/physical activity program outside of school. Six out of 10 children ages 9-13 dont participate in any kind of organized sports/physical activity program outside of school. Nearly 23 percent dont engage in any free-time physical activity. Nearly 23 percent dont engage in any free-time physical activity. Children whose parents have lower incomes and education levels are even less likely to participate. Children whose parents have lower incomes and education levels are even less likely to participate. (Physical activity levels among children aged 9-13 years – United States, 2002. MMWR 2003;52[33]:75-8)

19 Avg. child watches 3 hours of TV per day (excluding videos & video games). Avg. child watches 3 hours of TV per day (excluding videos & video games). Avg. child spends 6.5 hours per day using various forms of media. Avg. child spends 6.5 hours per day using various forms of media. American Academy of Pediatrics recommends TV viewing be limited to no more than 1-2 hours per day. American Academy of Pediatrics recommends TV viewing be limited to no more than 1-2 hours per day. Current Trends… Sedentary Activity Source: AAP (2001) Children, adolescents, and television. Pediatrics 107: 423-426.

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22 The Dilemma WHATS MORE IMPORTANT… A CHILDS HEALTH? EDUCATION?

23 The Health & Learning Link Educating the Whole Child: Mind and Body "The integral formation of the human person, this is the purpose of education…

24 DISCUSSION QUESTION… How does physical activity and/or sedentary behavior contribute to (or not contribute to) a childs ability to learn?

25 Between Learning + Health THE ALL IMPORTANT LINK… Undernourished children: Attain lower scores on standardized tests More likely to become sick Poor Attendance Fall behind in class Physically active children: Achieve higher math scores Calmer in class Less absent from school

26 Definition of Physical Activity Physical activity in an educational setting: Physical activity in an educational setting: a behavior consisting of bodily movement that requires energy expenditure above the normal physiological (muscular, cardiorespiratory) requirements of a typical school day. a behavior consisting of bodily movement that requires energy expenditure above the normal physiological (muscular, cardiorespiratory) requirements of a typical school day. Tennessee Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance

27 RESOURCES FOR FORPHYSICALACTIVITY

28 http://tennessee.gov/education/schoolhealth/physed/doc/TNPhysActivHbook_10_07.pdf

29 A Program of the ILSI Research Foundation Web: www.take10.net Phone: 770-456-0778 Email: take10@ilsi.org

30 The TAKE 10! Program classroom-based reduce sedentary behavior A classroom-based physical activity promotion program designed to reduce sedentary behavior while maintaining a focus on academics.

31 10 minute periods of physical activity Integrates multiple 10 minute periods of physical activity with core curriculum learning objectives in K-5 classrooms, (language arts, math, science, social studies, and health) The TAKE 10! Program

32 NC Energizers DOWNLOADABLE DOWNLOADABLEhttp://www.ncpe4me.com/energizers.html Elementary School Energizers Elementary School Energizers A laminated booklet of the Grades K-5 Energizers is available for purchase A laminated booklet of the Grades K-5 Energizers is available for purchase Middle School Energizers Middle School Energizers Laminated booklets of the Middle School Energizers are available for purchase Laminated booklets of the Middle School Energizers are available for purchase

33 Recommendations 30-60 minutes Children and adolescents should engage in 30-60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity on all or most days of the week. *NASPE Guidelines

34 Health Realities If schools do not deal with childrens health by design they deal with it by default. (Health Is Academic) (Health Is Academic)

35 Websites TN Coordinated School Health – TDOE CDCs Coordinated School Health http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/CSHP/ School Health Index Guidebook http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/SHI/Training / http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/SHI/Training / http://www.state.tn.us/education/schoolhealth/

36 Contacts Susan Brotherton Physical Education Specialist Susan.Brotherton@state.tn.us 1-615-253-4697 Connie Givens Director of School Health Connie.Givens@state.tn.us 1-615-253-6029 Sara Smith Coordinator of School Health Sara.Smith@state.tn.us 1-615-253-4664 Rebecca Johns-Wommack Health Education Specialist Health Education Specialist Rebecca.Johns-Wommack@state.tn.us 615.253.0065


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