3DJJ VisionCommunities will be safer and youth adjudicated delinquent will have greater opportunities to reach their full potential as a result of services provided by the Division of Juvenile Justice.
4DJJ MissionThe Department of Children’s Services Division of Juvenile Justice shall provide effective prevention and intervention services for high-risk youth and rehabilitation, treatment, and training for delinquent youth while preserving and promoting community safety.
5Historical Perspective In Re: GaultUS Supreme Court declared that juvenile defendants must be given the same rights as adults. This created national controversy.Congress passed Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Act. OJJDP was created as a result:Removed juveniles from adult jailsCreated formal relationships with statesResearchInformation1977 – TN adopted new juvenile code. Title 37Very treatment based, not punitive
6Historical Perspective (Cont) 1996 – DYD merged with other state agencies to form Department of Children’s Services (DCS)2006 – Began JJ reform in TN. Created Division of Juvenile Justice within DCSImpact: Statutory mandate by General Assembly and Governor to effectively administer and develop system of delinquency prevention, rehabilitation, and treatment.
7Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Over the last thirty years, OJJDP has funded research projects around the country to study what programs are effective in preventing and reducing recidivism.In the early 1990’s, Dr. Mark Lipsey pioneered the use of meta-analysis to help make sense of hundreds of research projects.
8How did we get here? Public Chapter 585 highlights (see handout) By fiscal year , 100% of funds shall be spent on evidence-based programs.DCS, in conjunction with TCCY, AOC, and TACF shall determine which of it’s current programs are evidence based, research-based, or theory based and have a report to the Governor and General Assembly by January 1, 2009.
9WHY SHOULD WE DO THIS? Reduce Recidivism = Fewer victims Make communities saferBe better stewards of taxpayer dollars
10Washington State Study www.wsipp.wa.gov Result: If the state implemented more evidence-based options, a significant level of future prison construction could be avoided.
11There is hope…Recent research on the development of the brain reveals that the adolescent brain continues to develop well after the age of 20.The frontal lobe is the last part to develop. It is the home of decision-making and judgment.Using research proven interventions during adolescence holds great promise for producing lasting behavioral change.
12“Strategic investments in proven practices in the juvenile justice system have tremendous potential to improve outcomes for children, families and communities. By appropriate intervention we can produce hard-working, tax-paying citizens instead of a need for more adult prisons. It is truly “pay me now or pay me later.” Linda O’Neal, Executive Director, TCCY