Puberty Time when a person begins to develop certain traits of adults of his or her own gender. Male and female hormones are responsible for the changes that occur during puberty. Sex characteristics are the traits related to a person’s gender. Primary – relate to reproduction. Gametes are the reproductive cells. Male gametes are sperm, female gametes are the eggs or ova.
Puberty (cont.) Secondary Sex Characteristics occur over time and at different rates. Some are gender related, others occur in both males and females. The body grows during puberty, as well as the brain develops, increasing in memory and in the ability to think and solve problems. Teens often experience large bursts of energy and emotion during puberty. Teens experience social changes – they have a need to make friends and be accepted by their friends.
Developmental Tasks of Adolescence At any given time, teens may experience changes in physical, mental/emotional, and social health, one or more at the same time. Some developmental tasks that teens can expect to experience as they pass through puberty include: Establishing emotional and psychological independence. Developing a personal sense of identity. Adopting a personal value system. Establishing adult vocational goals. Developing control over their own behavior.
Lesson 2 – Moving Toward Adulthood Physical and Emotional Maturity Most people reach P.M. in late adolescence or early twenties. Body and organs are fully developed. Emotional Maturity is the state at which the mental and emotional capabilities of an individual are fully developed. Young Adulthood Physical maturity has occurred automatically. Individuals focus on four major aspects of life: Personal Independence Occupational Choices Intimate Relationships Contributions to Society
Lesson 3 – Marriage and Parenting Marriage Couples who decide to be married to support each other in good times as well as in difficult times. Successful marriages requires each partner to make marital adjustments, in which each spouse adjusts to being a partner. Factors for that are: Good Communication Emotional Maturity Similar values and interests
Teen Marriages Most teens are still struggling with their own identity and setting goals for their futures and most likely, will not have determined what they want in a marriage partner. About 60% of teen marriages end in divorce, usually within the first few years. Teens who marry realize that they have increased responsibilities that may interfere with personal and career goals.
Responsibilities of Parenthood Many couples decide to have a family after they are married. Some options used are: Conceive their own Adoption Foster Children Parents MUST provide the following to ensure that their children grow and develop within a healthy family environment: Protection Food, Clothing, Shelter Education Medical care
continued Parenting is a serious, ongoing responsibility. Parents must be able to: Provide guidance Instill values Set limits Give unconditional love
Lesson 4 – Health through the Life Span Middle Adulthood Transitions are critical changes that occur at all stages of life. Physical Changes in middle adulthood: Skin loses its elasticity. Functioning of the body’s organs begins to slow down. The body’s immune system becomes less effective. Females experience menopause. People who continue to “exercise” the brain by solving puzzles, reading, and taking on new challenges tend to remain mentally active.
continued Emotional transitions occur when people realize that they have already experienced many of life’s joys and disappointments. The midlife crisis for some people results from concerns about unfulfilled goals and what their future holds. Social transitions at this middle adulthood may involve empty-nest syndrome. A feeling of sadness or loneliness when children leave home.
Late Adulthood People living after age 65 should be able to look at life with satisfaction and a sense of fulfillment. People in late adulthood can enjoy expanding opportunities: Retiring from a career to pursue new interests. Continuing to work or even change careers. Volunteering Remaining physically and mentally active, and socialize with other senior adults.
Continued Government offers programs to help senior adults. Social Security provides benefits to older adults and people with disabilities. Medicare and Medicaid help provide medical benefits for people with low incomes and limited resources. Many companies offer financial planning for retirement and savings plans to help senior adults plan for their retirement years. Many older adults are finding that, because of a lifetime of healthy behaviors, the years after retirement are their best.