Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Tennessee Department of Health Bureau of Health Licensure and Regulations Division of Health Care Facilities Educational Training for Nursing Homes 2008.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Tennessee Department of Health Bureau of Health Licensure and Regulations Division of Health Care Facilities Educational Training for Nursing Homes 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Tennessee Department of Health Bureau of Health Licensure and Regulations Division of Health Care Facilities Educational Training for Nursing Homes 2008

2 2 Appendix Q Guidelines for Determining Immediate Jeopardy

3 3 PREAMABLE FOR APPENDIX Q CONCERNS That the health and safety for individuals in crisis situations at risk are: That the health and safety for individuals in crisis situations at risk are: Accurately identifiedAccurately identified Thoroughly investigatedThoroughly investigated Resolved as quickly as possibleResolved as quickly as possible

4 4 PREAMABLE FOR APPENDIX Q CONCERNS Standardization definition for all provider types except CLIA the definitions for: Standardization definition for all provider types except CLIA the definitions for: Immediate JeopardyImmediate Jeopardy AbuseAbuse NeglectNeglect

5 5 PREAMABLE FOR APPENDIX Q In the interest to eliminate abuse and neglect to all beneficiaries surveyors are cautioned: In the interest to eliminate abuse and neglect to all beneficiaries surveyors are cautioned: –When abuse or neglect has been identified that a thorough investigation must be conducted to determine if Immediate Jeopardy exists. See Appendix Q Preamble FOR MORE INFO...

6 6 DEFINITIONS IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY: IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY: –A situation in which a providers noncompliance with one or more requirements of participation has caused or is likely to cause, serious injury, harm, impairment, or death to a resident. See: 42 CFR Part 489.3 FOR MORE INFO...

7 7 DEFINITIONS Abuse: The willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or punishment with resulting harm, pain, or mental anguish. Abuse: The willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or punishment with resulting harm, pain, or mental anguish. See: 42 CFR Part 488.301 FOR MORE INFO...

8 8 DEFINITIONS Neglect: Failure to provide goods and services necessary to avoid physical harm, mental anguish, or mental illness. Neglect: Failure to provide goods and services necessary to avoid physical harm, mental anguish, or mental illness. See: 42 CFR Part 488.301 FOR MORE INFO...

9 9 GOAL OF SURVEY PROCESS To insure the provisions of quality care to all individuals receiving care or services from a certified Medicare/Medicaid entity. The identification and removal of Immediate Jeopardy, either psychological or physical, are essential to prevent serious harm, injury, impairment, or death for individuals To insure the provisions of quality care to all individuals receiving care or services from a certified Medicare/Medicaid entity. The identification and removal of Immediate Jeopardy, either psychological or physical, are essential to prevent serious harm, injury, impairment, or death for individuals

10 10 PRINCIPLES Only one individual needs to be at risk. Identification of Immediate Jeopardy for one individual will prevent risk to other individuals in similar situations. Only one individual needs to be at risk. Identification of Immediate Jeopardy for one individual will prevent risk to other individuals in similar situations. Serious harm, injury, impairment does Not have to occur before considering Immediate Jeopardy. The high potential for these outcomes to occur in the very near future also constitutes Immediate Jeopardy. Serious harm, injury, impairment does Not have to occur before considering Immediate Jeopardy. The high potential for these outcomes to occur in the very near future also constitutes Immediate Jeopardy.

11 11 PRINCIPLES Serious harm can result from both abuse and neglect. Serious harm can result from both abuse and neglect. Psychological harm is as serious as physical harm. Psychological harm is as serious as physical harm. When it is established by investigation that a resident was harmed by a cognitively impaired individual due to the entitys failure to provide care and services to avoid physical harm, mental anguish, or mental illness, this should be considered neglect. When it is established by investigation that a resident was harmed by a cognitively impaired individual due to the entitys failure to provide care and services to avoid physical harm, mental anguish, or mental illness, this should be considered neglect.

12 12 PRINCIPLES Any time a team cites abuse or neglect, Immediate Jeopardy will be considered. Any time a team cites abuse or neglect, Immediate Jeopardy will be considered. Upon recognizing a situation which may constitute Immediate Jeopardy, the investigation will continue until Immediate Jeopardy is confirmed or ruled out. Upon recognizing a situation which may constitute Immediate Jeopardy, the investigation will continue until Immediate Jeopardy is confirmed or ruled out. The serious harm, injury, impairment or death may have occurred in the past, may be occurring at present, or may be likely to occur in the very near future. The serious harm, injury, impairment or death may have occurred in the past, may be occurring at present, or may be likely to occur in the very near future.

13 13 PRINCIPLES After determining that the harm or potential for harm meets the definition of immediate jeopardy the survey team will consider the following points concerning entity compliance. After determining that the harm or potential for harm meets the definition of immediate jeopardy the survey team will consider the following points concerning entity compliance. –The entity either created a situation or allowed a situation to continue which resulted in serious harm or a potential for serious harm, injury, impairment or death to an individual. –The entity had an opportunity to implement corrective or preventive measures.

14 14 IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY TRIGGERS Table found in appendix Q that lists issues with associated triggers. This guide includes situations that most likely create jeopardy to an individuals psychological and/or physical health and safety. Table found in appendix Q that lists issues with associated triggers. This guide includes situations that most likely create jeopardy to an individuals psychological and/or physical health and safety. Triggers assist the surveyor in considering Immediate Jeopardy. Triggers assist the surveyor in considering Immediate Jeopardy. Harm does not have to occur before considering immediate Jeopardy. Survey teams will consider both potential and actual harm when reviewing the triggers. Harm does not have to occur before considering immediate Jeopardy. Survey teams will consider both potential and actual harm when reviewing the triggers.

15 15 IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY TRIGGERS Failure to protect from abuse Failure to protect from abuse 1. Head trauma or fractures 1. Head trauma or fractures 2. Non-consensual sexual interactions 2. Non-consensual sexual interactions 3. Unexplained serious injuries not investigated 3. Unexplained serious injuries not investigated 4. Staff striking, yelling, swearing or gesturing derogatory names. 4. Staff striking, yelling, swearing or gesturing derogatory names. FOR MORE INFO... See Triggers Appendix Q

16 16 IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY TRIGGERS Failure to protect from neglect. Failure to protect from neglect. 1. Lack of timely assessment past injury. 1. Lack of timely assessment past injury. 2. Lack of supervision with known needs. 2. Lack of supervision with known needs. 3. Repeated occurrences e.g., falls. 3. Repeated occurrences e.g., falls. 4. Failure to carry out physician orders. 4. Failure to carry out physician orders. 5. Access to chemical and physical hazards by individuals at risk 5. Access to chemical and physical hazards by individuals at risk. FOR MORE INFO... Appendix See Triggers Appendix Q

17 17 IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY TRIGGERS Failure to protect from neglect. Failure to protect from neglect. 6. Non-functioning call system. 6. Non-functioning call system. 7. Unsupervised smoking by an individual with a known safety risk. 7. Unsupervised smoking by an individual with a known safety risk. 8. Lack of supervision of cognitively impaired individuals with know elopement risk. 8. Lack of supervision of cognitively impaired individuals with know elopement risk. 9. Use of chemical/physical restraints without adequate monitoring. 9. Use of chemical/physical restraints without adequate monitoring. FOR MORE INFO... See See Triggers Appendix Q

18 18 IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY TRIGGERS Failure to protect from neglect. Failure to protect from neglect. 10. Failure to adequately monitor and intervene for serious medical/surgical conditions. 10. Failure to adequately monitor and intervene for serious medical/surgical conditions. 11. Improper feeding/positioning of individual with known risk for aspiration. 11. Improper feeding/positioning of individual with known risk for aspiration. 12. Inadequate supervision to prevent physical altercations. 12. Inadequate supervision to prevent physical altercations. FOR MORE INFO... See See Triggers Appendix Q

19 19 IMMEDIATE JEOPARDY TRIGGERS Failure to protect from psychological harm. Failure to protect from psychological harm. PLEASE SEE TRIGGERS IN APPENDIX Q FOR ADDITIONAL LISTS THAT ARE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE PLEASE SEE TRIGGERS IN APPENDIX Q FOR ADDITIONAL LISTS THAT ARE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE FOR MORE INFO... See See Triggers Appendix Q

20 20 Locating Appendix Q http://cms.hhs.gov/manuals/Downloads som107ap_q_immedjeopardy.pdf FOR MORE INFO...

21 21 AoC VS PoC Corrections

22 22 Plan of Correction A plan of correction (POC) is an allegation of substantial compliance with program requirements. (Regulatory reference: SOM, 7304D – Acceptable Plan of Correction)

23 23 AoC vs PoC Allegation of compliance (AoC) to remove the immediacy of jeopardy When IJ is identified, required to submit AoC to remove immediacy & PoC for all other deficiencies (SOM, 7308) Acceptable plan of correction (PoC) required to determine substantial compliance

24 24 Cases of Immediate Jeopardy Facility must submit an allegation of removal of the IJ (AoC) CMS & State Survey Agency (SSA) will request an AoC & PoC CMS & SSA review the AoC to determine if acceptable AoC must include: - date the IJ was removed - sufficient detail to demonstrate that the IJ has been addressed

25 25 Cases of Non-Immediate Jeopardy PoC required for deficiencies cited higher than level 1 {A, B, or C} PoC must be submitted within 10 calendar days of receipt of SOD Failure to submit an acceptable PoC will delay revisits Accepted by SSA

26 26 PoC is Considered Acceptable Only When… Corrective action for residents affected are stated Identifying potential for others affected is indicated Systemic changes are implemented Monitoring to sustain compliance is detailed Implementing dates are provided Possible roadblocks are avoided

27 27 Corrective Action for Residents Affected Corrective action Steps taken Specific interventions Completion dates Individual(s) implementing

28 28 Identify Potential for Others Affected Factors to consider in other residents that have the potential to be affected by the same deficient practice –Specific population potentially affected –Review the deficient practice –Scope and severity of the tag –Specific system

29 29 Measures for Systemic Changes Address what measures will be put into place or systemic changes made to ensure that the deficient practice will not reoccur –not just the immediate issue –broaden the view to a systemic problem Policies and/or procedures How and where issues fit into the system

30 30 Measures for Systemic Changes (continued) In-service programs –Date implemented –Who attended –Date initiated –Staff not in the building –New employees –Agency personnel

31 31 Monitoring to Sustain Compliance Outline plans to monitor Indicate individual(s) responsible for monitoring – how this will be reviewed – frequency that new implementation is re- evaluated Develop a plan with detail Integrate into quality assurance system

32 32 Implementation Dates Include corrective action completion dates –must be acceptable to the SSA If the PoC is acceptable, the SSA will notify the facility Facilities are ultimately responsible for their own compliance

33 33 Roadblocks Denial Brevity Repetition Generalizations In-Services

34 34 Denial PoC is not the forum for disputing deficient practice –will postpone corrective actions needed for implementation AND MAY RESULT IN TERMINATION OF YOUR PROVIDER AGREEMENT FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID

35 35 Brevity Information to indicate who, where, when, how & what of corrective action is critical Detail is necessary Ensure sustaining substantial compliance

36 36 Repetition Make certain the corrective action has removed the deficient practice Identify specifics for each tag cited Copy and paste

37 37 Generalizations Committee, Team, Frequent, Often, Random Identify information Explain who, when, what and how of corrective actions Do not cross reference

38 38 In-Services Include: content who presented the information target audience dates initiated how addressed for staff not present include new hires/agency personnel evaluate/monitor for comprehension & implementation

39 39 Identify Systemic Problems Human Mechanical Corporate

40 40 Human Education Burnout Agency personnel

41 41 Mechanical Environment Equipment Natural disasters Implementing manufacturers recommendations Monitoring Maintenance

42 42 Corporate Philosophy Support Involvement

43 43 Road to Compliance For IJ: accepted AoC (by CMS & SSA) revisit for removal of IJ submit PoC (followed by acceptance) revisit to determine compliance For non-IJ: accepted PoC (by surveying entity) revisit to determine compliance

44 44 Citation Trends Citation Trends

45 45 F-224 Staff Treatment of Residents FOR MORE INFO... See CFR 483.13(c) Based on observation, record review and interviews, it was determined that the facility failed to investigate Resident to Resident altercations in order to prevent and protect Residents from reoccurrence. The facility failed to identify, correct and intervene in situations which abuse of Residents is more likely to occur for 9 Residents (#5, #11, #21,#22, #24, #25,#29, #38, #50) of 51 Residents sampled, placing all Residents in the facility in Immediate Jeopardy.

46 46 Based on observation, interview and record review, it was determined the facility failed to thoroughly investigate incidents of Resident to Resident altercations, failed to report injuries of unknown origin and Resident to Resident altercations to the State Agency for 10 Residents (#5, #11, #21, #22, #24, #25, #29, #38, #46, 2 ) of the 51 sampled Residents. This facility failure resulted in placing all Residents in the facility in Immediate Jeopardy. F-223 ABUSE See CFR 483.13(c) FOR MORE INFO...

47 47 F-309 Highest Practicable Well being (Quality of Care) Based on medical record review, observation, and interview, the facility failed to follow physician's orders for two (#17, #2) of twelve residents receiving Coumadin therapy. The facility's failure to ensure physician orders were followed placed resident #17 in Immediate Jeopardy.

48 48 F 332 483.25(m)(1) MEDICATION ERRORS Based on review of the "Nursing 2006 Drug Handbook 26th Edition", review of "Common Insulins: Pharmacokinetics, Compatibility, and Properties" from the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists, medical record review, observations and interviews, it was determined the facility failed to ensure

49 49 6 of 8 (Nurse #1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7) nurses on 4 of 4 (Halls 100, 200, 300 and 400) resident hallways and on 3 of 3 (Days, Evenings and Nights) shifts nurses administered medications without a medication error rate less than 5 percent (%). A total of 9 errors were observed out of 43 opportunities for error, resulting in a medication error rate of 20.93%. Failure of 5 of 8 (Nurses #1, 3, 5, 6 and 7) to calculate sliding scale insulin doses correctly, or timely administration of fast acting insulin before meals for 6 of 9 (Residents #5, 8, 14, 15, 21 and 25) residents observed receiving sliding scale insulin during the medication administration pass on 4 of 4 (Halls 100, 200, 300 and 400) resident hallways and 3 of 3 (Days, Evenings and Nights) shifts resulted in Immediate Jeopardy in insulin administration. These residents were receiving insulin administration by subcutaneous injection by insulin syringe.

50 50.Based on review the Pharmacy Consultant Services Agreement, review of drug regimen reviews, medical record review, observations and interviews, it was determined the facility failed to ensure that residents were free of medication errors including significant medication errors. Re-certification orders for the "calculation based scales" (dosages) of sliding scale insulin were not accurately transcribed. The nursing staff failed to accurately calculate and administer "calculation based scales" (dosages) of sliding scale insulin in accordance with physician orders. The nursing staff also failed to consistently round up or down after the resultant dosage calculation for the insulin was obtained. Administration and Pharmacy demonstrated no knowledge of the existing inconsistencies and errors in the administration of the "calculation based scale dosages of sliding scale insulin and did not provide in-services for the calculation of the calculation based scale" dosages of sliding scale insulin.

51 51 F 323 483.25(h) ACCIDENTS AND SUPERVISION Based on review of facility policy, observation and medical record review, it was determined the facility failed to provide a safe environment by not ensuring a defined process for the safe use and secure storage of razors after a resident with a history of aggressive behaviors threatened to use a razor against others on two secure units. The failure of the facility to provide a defined process for safe use and secure storage of razors for cognitively impaired residents, resulted in a Serious and Immediate Threat to the health and safety of all the residents on the secure units.

52 52 K-072 Fire drills Based on observations, review of local fire department response to fire alarms, review of resident council minute reports, staff interviews and resident interviews regarding their perception of the staff during emergency evacuation it was determined the facility staff on 1 of 3 floors of the facility (the second floor) were not familiar with procedures to exit the building incase of an emergency and/or fire as evidenced by three staff members who did not know the code for the key pad to open the locked exit door to the outside stairwell on the second floor. The failure of the staff to know the code to open the locked exit door placed the residents on the second floor in a serious and immediate threat to their health and safety if an evacuation was needed through the locked door to the stairwell.

53 53 K 038 Exit access is readily available at all times At approximately 9:15 AM, inspection of the exit doors located on the second floor revealed the doors were locked and the staff were unable to unlock the doors. Only one staff member had the keys and was not present on the floor. NFPA 101, 19. 2.2.2.4

54 54 Top Immediate Jeopardy Citations for 4 th Quarter 2007 1. Notification of Changes……… F-157 2. Social Services…………………F-250 3. Comprehensive Assessments.F-272 4. Comprehensive Care Plans…..F-280 5. Accidents………………………..F-323

55 55 Top Immediate Jeopardy Citations for 4 th Quarter 2007 6. Special Needs………………......F-328 7. Administration……………….....F-490 8. Notice of Rights and Services.F-156 9. Staff Treatment of Residents……… F-224 10. Quality of Care……………………….. F-309

56 56 QUESTIONS All questions will be recorded with answers sent to all nursing homes in Tennessee.

57 57 Thank You Health Care Facilities Offices MTRO: (615) 650-7100: Nashville ETRO: (865) 588-5656: Knoxville WTRO: (731) 423-6454: Jackson Central Office number: Nashville (615) 741-7221


Download ppt "1 Tennessee Department of Health Bureau of Health Licensure and Regulations Division of Health Care Facilities Educational Training for Nursing Homes 2008."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google