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Hazard Mitigation Planning. 2 Workshop Objectives Clarify process for identifying hazards and estimating potential losses, which form the basis for appropriate.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazard Mitigation Planning. 2 Workshop Objectives Clarify process for identifying hazards and estimating potential losses, which form the basis for appropriate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazard Mitigation Planning

2 2 Workshop Objectives Clarify process for identifying hazards and estimating potential losses, which form the basis for appropriate hazard mitigation actions Review the basics of preparing multi-jurisdiction plans Integrate plan update requirements into the mitigation plan

3 Overview Overview: Hazard Mitigation Planning Section 1 Section 1: Risk Assessment Section 2 Section 2: Multi-jurisdiction Plans Section 3 Section 3: Plan Updates Each section of the Risk Assessment section will include citation to the corresponding CFR requirement Workshop Structure 3

4 4 What is Hazard Mitigation Planning? The effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disastersHow? Through risk-based analysis providing a foundation for mitigation activities to reduce damages to lives, property, and economy Creates a framework for risk-based decision making to reduce damages Hazard Mitigation Planning

5 5 Break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and reoccurring damage Hazard Mitigation Planning Reconstruction ReoccurringDamages

6 Mitigation Actions

7 7 Reduces: Loss of life Damage to property, essential services, and critical facilities Economic disruption Short-term and long-term recovery and reconstruction costs Why is Hazard Mitigation Important?

8 8 Why is Hazard Mitigation Planning Important? Building more disaster resistant communities Raising awareness of risk and the need for risk reduction Creating a roadmap for coordinating hazard mitigation efforts Partnerships in the jurisdiction Increased communication and cross-education between jurisdiction agencies Eligibility for pre- and post-disaster grant funds

9 9 Hazard Mitigation Plan Development Process Step 1: Organizing Resources Step 2: Assessing Risks Step 3: Developing the Plan Step 4: Reviewing the Plan Step 5: Implementing the Plan

10 10 Step 1: Organizing Resources Build the Planning Team Organize the Planning Team Hold Project Planning Meeting Consider Hiring a Consultant Engage the Public Benefits of Public Participation Document Public Involvement

11 11 Step 2: Assessing Risks all Identify all hazards that could occur and impact any portion of the planning area. First resource is the State Hazard Mitigation Plan Remember that just because a hazard has not occurred in the planning area in the recent past does not mean that it will not occur in the future (Dam or levee failure)

12 12 Step 3: Developing the Plan risk assessment results Use risk assessment results to create a blueprint for reducing potential losses. Describe mitigation goals Identify all possible actions and projects that would prevent or reduce damage and/or protect citizens Analyze possible actions and projects Determine what is feasible Prioritize actions Document process and criteria for prioritization Identify who initiates, administers, and implements mitigation actions

13 13 Step 4: Reviewing the Plan monitoredevaluated Plans should be monitored and evaluated according to the process outlined in the plan The hazard mitigation plan should be reviewed after major events and response to changes within the community. mustPlans must be updated every 5 years or the jurisdiction becomes ineligible for a number of FEMA grants (i.e., HMGP, PDM, FMA, and SRL) Include steps for incorporating the plan into capital improvement plans, land use plans, development codes, etc. Invite the public and other agencies invited to participate in the plan maintenance process

14 14 Step 5: Implementing the Plan Implementation of specific mitigation actions Conduct periodic evaluations Adopt the Plan Plan must be relevant

15 Section 1: Risk Assessment Risk assessment provides the foundation for the rest of the mitigation planning process. The purpose of the risk assessment is for jurisdictions to gather existing risk information that enables them to identify and assign value to risk in order to prioritize mitigation actions and appropriate resources to reduce losses from all natural hazards. 15

16 Hazard: source of potential danger or adverse condition Hazard Identification: process of determining those hazards that threaten a given area Impact: damage or consequences resulting from a hazard Exposure: the number/value of all structures and other land, assets, etc that could potentially be impacted by a given hazard, typically based on geographic location Risk Assessment Terminology 16

17 Extent: severity, intensity or magnitude of a hazard itself Probability: measure of how often an event is likely to occur Risk: potential for an unwanted outcome resulting from an event or occurrence, as determined by its likelihood and the associated consequences Vulnerability: the number/value of structures/built environment and other assets, etc. that are identified as most likely to sustain damage or loss of use from a given hazard. Risk Assessment Terminology 17

18 Risk Assessment Three basic components of risk assessment: 1.Identify Hazards 2.Profile Hazard Events 3.Estimate Losses 18

19 19 Identifying Hazards - CFR CFR §201.6(c)(2)(i): [The risk assessment shall include a] description of the type … of all natural hazards that can affect the jurisdiction. Does the plan include a description of all natural hazards that affect any of the participating jurisdictions? Suggestions Think about hazards that may have significant impacts but that occur infrequently Consult the State Mitigation Plan and/or with the State Hazard Mitigation Officer to identify hazards that may occur in the planning area.

20 Identifying Hazards 20 Some hazards like tornadoes, the flooding caused by dam or levee failure, and wildfires are not frequent but the effects can be devastating. Take Note!!

21 21 Determine Hazards That May Occur Locally **State Hazard Mitigation Plan****State Hazard Mitigation Plan** U.S. Geological Survey Natural Hazards Center National Weather Service Flood Insurance Studies, FIRMs Watershed Studies Association of State Dam Safety Officials National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration National Severe Storms Laboratory Newspapers, Books, & Internet National, State, & Local Maps Experts (State Emergency Management, Weather Service, etc.) Possible Resources:*

22 22 Hazards to Consider Severe Storms Tornadoes Flooding Severe Winter Storms Drought Extreme Heat Earthquakes Dam or Levee Failure Mine Subsidence Lake Michigan Storm Surge

23 23 Identifying Hazards - Tips Indicate in plan narrative that state plan was consulted Dont eliminate hazards simply because you dont have information about them Think about those hazards that have significant impacts even if they occur infrequently. Think about hazards relative to community vulnerabilities.

24 24 Identifying Hazards - Tips Where possible map hazards. Illustrate locations subject to flooding, landslide or subsidence and areas subject to wildfire risks. Cite sources, address data limitations Think about low probability risks

25 Identifying Hazards – Human-Caused Hazards Human-Caused Hazards (sometimes referred to as man- made hazards) are terrorism and technological hazards Hard to predict and change over time Natural hazards may lead to human-caused hazards Consideration of human-caused hazards is not required by DMA 2000 While FEMA recommends including all hazards, only natural hazards are required Jurisdiction can decide whether to address human- caused hazards in the plan If human-caused hazards are included in the plan, they must be fully profiled 25

26 26 Group Discussion: 1.How many dams in your community? Where would you find this information? 2.Name one Illinois city or county that has completed more than 100 acquisitions of flood prone properties? Where would you find this information for your county? 3.What are the easiest references for the history of natural hazard events in your community? s_login.aspx Identifying Hazards – Exercise

27 27 Profiling Hazards - CFR CFR §201.6(c)(2)(i): [The risk assessment shall include a] description of the … location and extent of all natural hazards that can affect the jurisdiction. The plan shall include information on previous occurrences of hazard events and on the probability of future hazard events. First step after hazard identification is to determine how each hazard affects the planning area by describing: Location affected by the hazard Extent of the hazard History of hazard events Probability of future hazard events * Only hazards that are chosen as affecting the jurisdiction should be profiled

28 Profiling Hazards - Location Identify the location (i.e., geographic area affected) of each natural hazard addressed in the new or updated plan. Specifically identify those areas of the jurisdiction that each hazard might affectHow? Narratives: description of a hazard or hazardous events and their effect on the jurisdiction Maps: common frame of reference when describing where and how hazards can affect a jurisdiction 28

29 Profiling Hazards - LocationNarratives Describing the areas at-risk for hazards is the easiest way to communicate risks to community residents. The most significant hazards in Region V have boundaries. Special flood hazards are typically mapped. When people attend meetings on hazard mitigation planning they want to know the boundaries of hazards relative to their own homes. Where the boundaries of hazard risks cannot be describedsnow storms, tornadoes, hail storms there is no requirement for describing areas affected because all areas are equally affected. 29

30 Profiling Hazards - LocationMaps Show locations affected by each hazardmaps should include clear and accurate reference points. Dont try to show too much on one map! Dam and levee location maps should help clarify the areas downstream that may be affected by a failure or breach. Where modern flood hazard maps are available, there should be an effort to incorporate these maps in the local plan. If flash flooding is identified as a hazard, its location should be shown on a map or with narrative 30

31 31 Use a Map to Show Locations Maps are typically the easiest way to convey information Begin with a base map Transfer data for each hazard to the base map Create a map showing Special Flood Hazard Areas and Base Flood Elevations Create a map showing dam and levee locations Create a map showing areas at risk of wildfire Create other hazard mapslandslides, earthquakes, shoreline erosion if data exists

32 Boundaries vs. Planning-area wide Hazards Remember that not all hazards have a defined hazard boundary within the planning area Boundaries: Hazard has definable limits Planning-area wide: Could impact any jurisdiction BoundariesPlanning-Area Wide FloodingThunderstorms Dam FailureHail Levee FailureTornadoes WildfireWinter Storms Shoreline Erosion Land Subsidence/Sinkholes 32

33 Floodplain Maps 33 Flood Hazard Maps can be overlaid on aerial photographs or structure base maps to highlight those structures, roads and public buildings at risk. The map at right illustrates the areas in Alexandria County within the boundaries of the 1% flood hazard.

34 3-34 Dams/Levees in Rock Island County

35 Map Areas Post-Disaster 3-35 Campbells Island, 2001

36 Map the Properties At-Risk 3-36 Ottawa, Ohio, August 27, 2007 – Flooding in North Central Ohio damaged several towns during the summer of Mike Moore/FEMA Flooding in Illinois April, 2011

37 Areas of Land Subsidence Risks in Saline County 37 Saline County Hazard Mitigation Plan

38 Profiling Hazards - Extent Identify the extent (i.e., magnitude or severity) of each hazard addressed in the new or updated plan. Extent, as used in the Mitigation Plan, describes the expected magnitude of the hazard and should not be confused with impact Extent can be described in both quantitative and qualitative measures of the strength of a particular hazard event including a range of the hazards potential severity. 38

39 Profiling Hazards – Extent Severity is typically related to the size and scale of the hazard event. Plans should include consideration of the probability of certain size events. There may be a low probability for the most catastrophic tornadoes but a much higher probability of smaller events. Suggestions Use scientific scales to describe extent For floods, say 1-percent-annual-chance flood or 100-year flood event For tornadoes, say five EF3 events Do this for each jurisdiction if multi-jurisdictional plan If it is the same for all jurisdictions, say so 39

40 Profiling Hazards – Severity/Magnitude 40

41 41 Profiling Hazards – Historical Events Provide information on previous occurrences of each hazard addressed in the new or updated plan. List previous occurrences of each hazard for each jurisdiction Do this separately for each hazard Must have enough history to do an accurate assessment Cite information sources

42 Profiling Hazards – Historical Events Suggestions Communities should keep records of their own histories of hazard events. Documenting high water marks, documenting property damages and losses, and identifying unique vulnerabilities will help future planning. Keep a record. Document the impacts of significant events. Include sufficient historical information to create probability estimates 42

43 Think Outside the Box! Additional Resources for Historical Events Electrical Outages due to Inclement Weather School Closings due to Snow/Severe Winter Weather Weather Related Highway Closures Fire Department Data Local Emergency Management Data Assessors Data National Funding Applications & Grants Historical Society records Explore your jurisdictions resources Historical Records Anecdotal Evidence 43

44 44 Profiling Hazards - Probability Include the probability of future events (i.e., chance of occurrence) for each hazard addressed in the new or updated plan. Estimate the probability of future occurrences of each hazard for each jurisdiction If history shows that one hazard typically occurs every 4 years, say the probability in any year is 25% (1/4=0.25) If probability is the same for all jurisdictions, say this!

45 45 Profiling Hazards - Probability Structural improvementsdams, levees, flood walls may reduce risks but they do not completely eliminate risks. Many dams, levees and other structural safeguards were constructed years ago and some have not been adequately maintained.

46 46 Profiling Hazards – Probability Suggestions If probability cannot be calculated statistically, quantify the probability as,, or Describe how probabilities were determined o Quantify the categories Define terms o If history shows no occurrences of a hazard but it is still possible, say the probability is low

47 Profiling a Tornado – Probability Use FEMA & NOAA Maps and Data Who has a higher tornado probability: Illinois or Wisconsin? 47

48 Profiling a Flood – Probability 48

49 49 Profiling Hazards – Ranking What is ranking? Assignment of values or numeric scores to chosen elements of each hazard, such as severity, probability of future events, and warning time. Rankings are totaled, allowing prioritization Be sure that the descriptions and data match the score! (e.g., dont score high if the data says its low) How is this ranking helpful? Ranking prioritizes hazards which helps direct the prioritization of hazard mitigation actions Ranking is a commonly used approach to profiling hazards.

50 Suggestions Use criteria used in the current Illinois Hazard Mitigation Plan Conduct jurisdiction-specific rankings for those hazards that have defined boundaries, such as flooding Conduct planning area-wide ranking or hazards that can impact the entire planning area Profiling Hazards – Ranking 50

51 Profiling Hazards - Ranking 51

52 Profiling Hazards: Tornado Paths 52

53 53 Profiling Hazards Tips Present information in an organized manner By hazard o Use consistent labels for hazards By jurisdiction o Address area-wide hazards just once, but clearly state that such hazards affect the entire area equally Use tables If data are not adequate Say so Include actions to improve the quality of the data in the mitigation strategy

54 Group Discussion: 54 1.What is the flood of record in the State of Illinois? 2.What is the most severe tornado event in Illinois? 3.What is the probability of the 25 year flood over a 30 year mortgage? What is the probability of the 100 year flood over a 30 year mortgage? Profiling Hazards –Exercise

55 55 Assessing Vulnerability - CFR CFR §201.6(c)(2)(ii): [The risk assessment shall include a] description of the jurisdictions vulnerability to the hazards described in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section. This description shall include an overall summary of each hazard and its impact on the jurisdiction After identifying and profiling hazards, the next step in the Risk Assessment process is to conduct the Vulnerability Assessment. This needs to focus on the properties uniquely at risk for specific hazards.

56 56 Assess Vulnerability - Overview Vulnerability: the number/value of structures, infrastructure and critical facilities that are identified as most likely to sustain damage or loss of use from a given hazard. Exposure vs Vulnerability…for example The entire county may be exposed to winter storms but businesses with flat roofs are more vulnerable to damage from heavy snow. Homes in and adjacent to the floodplain are exposed to flooding but elevated homes are less vulnerable to damage. Farms are more vulnerable to damage from droughts. The elderly may be more at risk for extreme temperatures than others. Places of assemblyschools, churches, community centers may have greater vulnerabilities to tornadoes than buildings with different occupancies.

57 Assess Vulnerability - Summary Exposure to a hazard event occurs in three specific situations: 1.All locations in a jurisdiction are equally exposed to a hazard Example: severe winter storms 2.Location is within a hazard boundary Example: flooding in a FEMA designated flood zone 3.Location is in a group of structures with unique locational or structural characteristics Examples: mobile home parks, water treatment or water pumping stations, or electrical distribution lines. 57

58 Describe each jurisdictions vulnerability to each hazard in a summary format Describe the types of structures, including structures, infrastructure, critical facilities, structures housing elderly, and low- to moderate-income housing Determine proportion of land or structures in the jurisdiction that could be affected by each hazard Remember that some jurisdictions might be equally exposed to a hazard in terms of probability of getting impacted, but their vulnerability could differ greatly Assess Vulnerability - Overview 58

59 Assess Vulnerability - Summary The new or updated plan must include an overall summary description of the jurisdictions vulnerability to each hazard. The plan must include an overall summary description of the jurisdictions vulnerability to each hazard Suggestions Describe vulnerability (,, or ) of each jurisdiction to each hazard – define the terms The summary should be supported by data presented in the plan and correspond to the description of impact. 59

60 Assess Vulnerability - Summary Determine which assets in which participating jurisdiction are vulnerable to damage Are critical facilities vulnerable? Are major highways vulnerable? Are emergency shelters vulnerable? Guidance does not require discussion of special needs populations, but it is recommended Explain data deficiencies and include strategies for remedying the deficiencies in the next plan update 60

61 61 Assess Vulnerability - Describe the Impact of Each Hazard The new or updated plan must address the impact of each hazard on each jurisdiction. For each hazard, and for each jurisdiction, discuss: Types of damage Extent of damage to Structures Infrastructure Critical facilities Major employers Cultural, historical, environmental assets Public assembly or public meeting facilities

62 62 Assess Vulnerability – Inventory Assets Critical facilities Structures: –Residences –Businesses –Mobile Home jurisdictions –Government Facilities –Service Industries Cultural, Historical Resources Vulnerable Populations Economic Assets Higher risk facilities--schools, hospitals, stadiums, assembly halls, etc.. What assets are in your jurisdiction?

63 63 Assess Vulnerability– Inventory Assets: Critical Facilities Essential facilities - Hospitals, police and fire stations, emergency operations centers, evacuation shelters, schools Transportation systems - Roads, airports, railroads, waterways Utility systems - Potable water, wastewater, natural gas, electricity, communications systems High potential loss facilities - Nuclear power plants, dams, military installations Hazardous material facilities - Produce and/or use corrosive, flammable, radioactive, toxic materials

64 Community Assets: 3-64

65 Planning Tip 3-65 Inventory those community assets that may be uniquely vulnerable to specific hazards. Hospitals Schools and Colleges Recreation Centers Assisted Living Center and Nursing Homes

66 66 Assess Vulnerability – Describe Impact Suggestions Impact can be described in terms of: Dollar value of losses Percentages of damages Where specific information for a hazard is not available, other acceptable methods would be to: base your assumptions on past experiences with each hazard in the planning area, or base it on an event scenario that could potentially occur in the jurisdiction Describe level of damage to structures, infrastructure, and critical facilities anticipated for each hazard Describe impact of each hazard on need for evacuation, emergency service, etc.

67 Assess Vulnerability – Describing Impact 67 Source: FEMA Understanding Your Risks: Identifying Hazards and Estimating Losses

68 68 CFR §201.6(c)(2)(ii): [The risk assessment] must also address National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) insured structures that have been repetitively damaged floods. Assessing Vulnerability - CFR Repetitive Loss Structure: An NFIP-insured structure that has had at least two paid flood losses of more than $1,000 each in any 10-year period since 1978.

69 69 Assessing Vulnerability - Repetitive Loss Structures Describe the amount and types of NFIP repetitive loss structures located in identified flood hazard areas Do not use specific street addresses Include estimates of potential dollar losses to repetitive loss properties If a significant issue, the plan should include maps of general areas of repetitive loss properties

70 Assessing Vulnerability - Repetitive Loss Structures Many local plans provide generalized maps identifying locations of repetitive loss properties. 70

71 71 CFR§201.6(c)(2)(ii)(A): The plan should describe vulnerability in terms of the types and numbers of existing and future structures, infrastructure, and critical facilities located in the identified hazard area … Assessing Vulnerability - CFR Estimate the numbers of existing and future structures, infrastructure, critical facilities located in hazard boundaries in each jurisdiction (exposure) Identification of existing structures Identification for future structures

72 72 Assessing Vulnerability - Identifying Structures: Future Growth Does the new or updated plan describe vulnerability in terms of the types and numbers of future structures, infrastructure, and critical facilities located in the identified hazard areas.

73 73 CFR §201.6(c)(2)(ii)(B): [The plan should describe vulnerability in terms of an] estimate of the potential dollar losses to vulnerable structures identified in paragraph (c)(2)(ii)(A) of this section and a description of the methodology used to prepare the estimate … Assessing Vulnerability - CFR Suggestions Methodology of estimating potential losses should be described in the plan Include data sources Loss estimation tables can be based on previous occurrences

74 Assessing Vulnerability - Estimating Potential Losses Develop potential losses based on past hazard events Define methodology used to obtain data and perform calculations 74 How do you estimate potential losses? 1.Develop loss estimation tables 2.Record methodology for loss estimation process

75 75 Assessing Vulnerability - Estimating Potential Losses Estimate potential dollar losses in jurisdiction(s) Suggestions Estimate dollar losses for structures and contents Estimate dollar losses for each hazard in each jurisdiction Estimate losses for the most likely events, not necessarily for catastrophic events or worst-case scenarios Be sure to describe the methodology used when estimating potential losses!!!

76 Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses 76

77 Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses Reference: Neosho County, KS Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan 77 Estimated dollar losses based on past losses:

78 Assessing Vulnerability Knox County, Illinois HM plan used hypothetical paths and model scenarios for estimating tornado losses from an F4 tornado path. Buffers were added around the F4 tornado path line to indicate the maximum damage expected. The GIS analysis estimates that 1,798 buildings will be damaged. The estimated building losses totaled $102 million. 78

79 Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses The update of the Illinois state plan includes estimates of flood losses by county based on a statewide HAZUS analysis. 79

80 Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses Estimating losses without GIS NCDC data contains event data including limited estimated losses for property, crops, injury and death, but may only contain information regarding County-wide hazards. 80 Reference: NCDC

81 Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses Using NCDC data to help estimate potential losses: -how you might estimate drought losses in Butler County, IA 81

82 Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses Using NCDC data to help estimate potential losses: -hail loss estimates for Harrison County, MS 82 Reference: Harrison County, MS Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan

83 83 Use Hazus to Estimate Losses Training is available at: Emergency Management Institute (EMI) ESRI (online) U.S. Multi-Hazards Risk Assessment Tool FEMA product GIS based software To inventory assets To estimate damages from: flood, earthquake, and hurricane winds

84 Suggestions Hazus Calculations (Flood) Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses Reference: Johnson County, IN Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan 84

85 Suggestions Hazus Calculations (Earthquake) Assessing Vulnerability - Methodology for Estimating Potential Losses Reference: Monmouth County, NJ Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan 85

86 86 CFR §201.6(c)(2)(ii)(C): [The plan should describe vulnerability in terms of] providing a general description of land uses and development trends within the jurisdiction so that mitigation options can be considered in future land use decisions. Assessing Vulnerability - CFR How is the area expected to develop over the next 10, 20, 50 years? Determine potential location and types of future development Approved or anticipated Review land use or comprehensive plan Analyze development trends Talk to jurisdiction officials, developers

87 Assessing Vulnerability – Existing Land Use and Critical Facilities 87

88 88 CFR §201.6(c)(2) (iii): For multi-jurisdictional plans, the risk assessment must assess each jurisdictions risks where they vary from the risks facing the entire planning area. Assessing Vulnerability - CFR For each jurisdiction, identify and assess all hazards that may affect it or any part of it Describe exactly which jurisdictions are affected by each hazard or say that a hazard affects the entire planning area equally JurisdictionFloodEarthquake Winter Storms TornadoLandslideWildfire Winter, Town of XXXX X X Spring Lake, City of XXXX Windsong, Town of X XX X

89 89 Section 1 – Risk Assessment Any Questions??

90 90 Section 2 - Multi-Jurisdiction Plans Multi-jurisdiction plans bring local governments together in a cooperative effort of planning and risk management. Local governments rely on mutual aid agreements and cooperative municipal service agreements and multi- jurisdictional planning is consistent these trends. risk assessments for multi-jurisdictional plans should present the big picture for the entire county and should also include community specific risk information. Multi-jurisdictional plans should demonstrate that local jurisdiction worked together in formulating the plan.

91 91 Multi-Jurisdiction Plans Updated multi-jurisdiction plans must include information on which cities are in the updated plan OR dropped out of the plan. Update risk assessment to add or subtract jurisdictions and their risk information If risk and vulnerability are the same for Cities A, B, C…indicate this! Show differences in jurisdictions where appropriate

92 92 Multi-Jurisdiction Plans Identify & address each hazard that might affect all or any part of any jurisdictions involved When wide variances exist between the list of hazards for different participating jurisdictions, support that variance with data explaining why a hazard impacts one planning area but not another If data limitations prevent a full risk assessment, explain the situation and provide strategy for obtaining the data at the next plan update in 5 years

93 93 Section 3 - Plan Updates Take Note!! Remember that the Plan Update is a new document, and is not just an annex to the approved plan it stands on its own as a complete and current plan.

94 94 Explain how the previous hazard identification section was reviewed during the plan update process Specify how the new hazard identification process is different Identify and explain inclusion of new hazards or deletion of previously identified hazards Review current state plan to determine if hazards have been added since previous plan approval If no new hazards are identified, explain why Plan Updates

95 95 If improved hazard descriptions are available, they should be incorporated Note that plan updates should explain any changes in hazard location, and provide data to support this Plan Updates

96 96 Plan Updates Describe the recent history of hazard eventshow has recent experience influenced local priorities and local mitigation strategies. Differences between jurisdictions may mean that an event is more severe in some areas and less severe in others. If the severity of a hazard is the same for all jurisdictions, state that in the text. If a ranking/scoring process is used, explain any changes to the scoring process or results.

97 97 Plan Update Process Review the most recent State Plan to see if new hazards have been added – consider adding these new hazards to the local plan Incorporate additional and updated information on hazards – for example, the historical hazard events during the 5 years between the original plan and plan update should be included in the update Include a current inventory of existing and proposed structures, infrastructure, and critical facilities located within identified hazard areas. Identify any new structures that have been built since the last plan update. The update MUST address how previously identified data limitations were addressed and incorporated – failure to address must be explained

98 98 Plan Update Process VERY IMPORTANT!! Outline any changes brought on by mitigation projects completed or in the works Describe changes that have occurred in the planning area since the previously approved plan, such as the loss of a major employer, new road construction, etc. If the planning area was part of a recent presidentially declared disaster, SBA disaster, state disaster, etc. – include a summary of the impact of those occurrences Changes in NFIP status or FIRMs must be noted Attribute any new hazards to the appropriate jurisdiction(s) or to the planning area as a whole. If the list of hazards has not changed, this must be stated.

99 99 Wrap Up Questions? Comments?

100 100 Ultimate Source: The Blue Book This Workshop, based on FEMA guidance (the Blue Book), included the following subsections: Identifying Hazards Profiling Hazards Assessing Vulnerability: Overview Assessing Vulnerability: Identifying Structures Assessing Vulnerability: Estimating Potential Losses Assessing Vulnerability: Analyzing Development Trends Multi-jurisdictional Risk Assessment

101 Contact Information: Ron Davis State Hazard Mitigation Officer Illinois Emergency Management Agency Bryan Purchis Mitigation Planner Illinois Emergency Management Agency Contact Information

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