Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Atoms, Molecules and the Atmosphere Page 60 - 61.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Atoms, Molecules and the Atmosphere Page 60 - 61."— Presentation transcript:

1 Atoms, Molecules and the Atmosphere Page 60 - 61

2 Breathe in a lung full of air There are billions of molecules being inhaled by you right now! Air is made up mostly of nitrogen and oxygen, but your breath is a mixture of other gases as well.

3 Nitrogen - N 2 Two atoms of the element nitrogen combine to form a molecule of gas nitrogen Nitrogen is 80% of the atmosphere In a car engine, nitrogen gas reacts with oxygen to produce nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), a very toxic red-brown gas.

4 Argon (Ar) Argon atoms do not combine with other atoms to form molecules. Harmless argon gas is composed of single atoms of argon which leaks from inside the earth.

5 Oxygen (O 2 and O 3 ) Atoms of the element oxygen can combine to form two different molecules. Oxygen gas makes up 21% of the air we breathe. Almost all organisms need oxygen to survive. The less common oxygen molecule, called ozone (O 3 ), contains three atoms of oxygen. It is formed naturally in the upper layers of the atmosphere.

6 Chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) CFCs have been destroying the ozone layer at an alarming rate. Because this layer is thinning, harmful ultraviolet light is reaching the Earth’s surface. This ultraviolet light damages the skin. CFCs are made up of carbon, chlorine and fluorine atoms.

7 CFCs are widely used as: solvents in cleaners coolants in refrigeration and air conditioning blowing agents in the production of foam propellants in aerosols.

8 Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) Two atmospheric gases contain only atoms of carbon and oxygen. Carbon dioxide is necessary for life on earth. Carbon monoxide is extremely poisonous to vertebrate animals.

9 Gases in Earth’s Atmosphere

10 Air gets thinner as you get higher above earth. 90% of all molecules in the air are located in the troposphere. 30km 20km 10km Sea Level

11 Task Referring to pages 60 and 61, complete questions 1, 2, and 3

Download ppt "Atoms, Molecules and the Atmosphere Page 60 - 61."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google