Presentation on theme: "10 th American History Unit III- U.S. Foreign Policy World War II - Today Nixon-Bush #9 George Bush’s Foreign Policy."— Presentation transcript:
10 th American History Unit III- U.S. Foreign Policy World War II - Today Nixon-Bush #9 George Bush’s Foreign Policy
Use of the Military According to President Bush our troops out to be used to fight and win war. Critical of Somalia and Haiti intervention. We need a military that is prepared to fight conflicts of the future. Keep troops in NATO and Korea not Haiti and Balkans. Patrol borders with free trade. Preemptive, unprovoked action against emerging threats.- Bush Doctrine.
Russia Bush cancelled the 1972 ABM Treaty. We no longer felt threatened by Russia. More dangerous were terrorists. Caused some friction with the Russians. Did cut the US arsenal. Putkin
China Wanted China’s cooperation in putting pressure on North Korea to end its nuclear weapons building. Also Trade and maintaining relations with Taiwan. China is competitor not a friend.
Middle East The”Road Map” to peace in the Middle East. A Palestinian State and a Jewish State.
September 11,2001 Attack on the World Trade Center. –Twin Towers, Pentagon and hijacked airliners. The purpose was to start a world wide confrontation between the true Muslims and the “Heretics” –Death Toll- 2,749 –Osama bin laden Saudi, fought in Afghanistan Promoted world wide Islamic revolution- the U.S. must be destroyed. al Qaeda- “the base”, terrorist network. Osama linked to World Trade Center bombing in 1993 and other bombings (such as the Cole) Some of the terrorist trained in America.
War in Afghanistan- “Enduring Freedom” Taliban- government of Afghanistan. –Strict application of Islamic law with harsh punishment. –Close relationship with Osama. Terrorist training camps. Bush puts pressure on Taliban to give up Osama. Oct. 7, 2001 U.S. and Great Britain launch attack against Taliban. Northern Alliance fighter help the U.S. and the Taliban are defeated. However, Osama hard to capture in mountainous regions. Afghanistan still has problems but has a Parliamentary government - freely elected.
Homeland Security Department of Homeland Security- Anti-Terrorism bill. 180,000 employees and 22 agencies merged. Color coded warning system for terrorist threats. Biological agents- such as anthrax. Airport security. U.S. Patriot act –Strengthen powers of law enforcement and collect secret information. –Some believe this is a threat to basic freedoms. Axis of Evil- Iraq, Iran, and North Korea.
War in Iraq- Iraqi Freedom Iraq failed to account for weapons it was known to have possessed after the Persian Gulf War. WMD’s???? UN inspections. New Iraqi weapons systems? March 2003- Allies storm into Iraq. Saddam was captured later in 2003- and stood trial New Iraqi government –2004- Interim Iraqi government and new security forces –2005- elections to create new constitution. Terrorists (insurgents) in Iraq- on going violence and suicide bombings.
War in Iraq- Iraqi Freedom 5 Steps to help Iraq –Transfer full sovereignty to a government of Iraqi citizens. –Establish stability and security for Iraqi democracy. –Rebuild Iraqi infrastructure. –Enlist international support –free national elections.