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The Wonderful World of HAP Regulations Genevieve Damico U.S. EPA, Region 5.

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Presentation on theme: "The Wonderful World of HAP Regulations Genevieve Damico U.S. EPA, Region 5."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Wonderful World of HAP Regulations Genevieve Damico U.S. EPA, Region 5

2 Agenda Alphabet soup Alphabet soup What are the regulated HAPs What are the regulated HAPs What are MACT standards What are MACT standards Status of MACT Status of MACT

3 Agenda Contd. What is case-by-case MACT What is case-by-case MACT What is the MACT Hammer What is the MACT Hammer May 8, 2003 rule May 8, 2003 rule Review Review

4 Alphabet Soup 112(a) - Definitions 112(a) - Definitions 112(b) - List of Pollutants 112(b) - List of Pollutants 112(c) - List of Source Categories 112(c) - List of Source Categories 112(d) - Emission Standards 112(d) - Emission Standards

5 Alphabet Soup 112(e) - Schedule for Standards and Review 112(e) - Schedule for Standards and Review 112(f) - Standards to Protect Health and the Environment (Residual Risk Program) 112(f) - Standards to Protect Health and the Environment (Residual Risk Program)

6 Alphabet Soup 112(g) - Modifications, Construction, and Reconstruction 112(g) - Modifications, Construction, and Reconstruction 112(h) - Work Practice Standards 112(h) - Work Practice Standards

7 Alphabet Soup 112(i) - Schedule for Compliance for New Sources, Early Reduction Program 112(i) - Schedule for Compliance for New Sources, Early Reduction Program 112(j) - Equivalent Emission Limitation by Permit "MACT Hammer " 112(j) - Equivalent Emission Limitation by Permit "MACT Hammer "

8 Alphabet Soup 112(k) - Urban Air Toxics Strategy 112(k) - Urban Air Toxics Strategy 112(l) - State Programs: Delegation of Implementation & Enforcement Authority 112(l) - State Programs: Delegation of Implementation & Enforcement Authority

9 Alphabet Soup 112(m) - Atmospheric Deposition to Great Lakes/Coastal Waters-Reports to Congress 112(m) - Atmospheric Deposition to Great Lakes/Coastal Waters-Reports to Congress 112(n) - Studies: Utilities, Coke Ovens, POTWs, Mercury, Hydrogen Sulfide 112(n) - Studies: Utilities, Coke Ovens, POTWs, Mercury, Hydrogen Sulfide

10 Alphabet Soup 112(o) - National Academy of Sciences Study on Risk Assessment 112(o) - National Academy of Sciences Study on Risk Assessment 112(p) - Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center 112(p) - Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center

11 Alphabet Soup 112(q)-Savings Provision 112(q)-Savings Provision 112(r)-Prevention of Accidental Releases 112(r)-Prevention of Accidental Releases 112(s)-Periodic Reports on Measures Taken to Implement Section 112 112(s)-Periodic Reports on Measures Taken to Implement Section 112

12 What are the regulated HAPs? Listed in 112(b) Listed in 112(b) 188 HAPs 188 HAPs

13 What are the regulated HAPs? (Contd.) Air toxics are those pollutants that are known or suspected of causing cancer or other serious health effects, such as developmental effects or birth defects Air toxics are those pollutants that are known or suspected of causing cancer or other serious health effects, such as developmental effects or birth defects

14 What is a MACT standard? Technology based standard Technology based standard Source Category specific Source Category specific

15 What is a MACT standard? Contd. No less stringent than the top 12% controlled sources in a particular source category (the MACT floor) No less stringent than the top 12% controlled sources in a particular source category (the MACT floor)

16 What is a MACT standard? Contd. Most apply to major sources of HAPs (10 tpy of a particular HAP/25 tpy of an aggregate of HAPs) Most apply to major sources of HAPs (10 tpy of a particular HAP/25 tpy of an aggregate of HAPs)

17 http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/ http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/ eparules.html (See next page in your handouts for table.) http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/

18 MACT CFR Sub Parts Final Federal Register Compliance Date Project Lead Compliance Lead AerospaceIndustryGG9/01/95(60FR45948)9/01/98 Barbara Discoll 919-541-1051 Driscoll.barbara@ epa.gov Len Lazarus 202-564-6369 Lazarus.leonard @epa.gov Lazarus.leonard @epa.gov

19 Status of MACT 89 promulgated 89 promulgated 5 proposed 5 proposed (This total includes the MON MACT as a single category.)

20 Future of MACT U.S. EPA is going back to the promulgated MACT and evaluating whether or not further reductions are necessary based on a risk assessment U.S. EPA is going back to the promulgated MACT and evaluating whether or not further reductions are necessary based on a risk assessment

21 What is case-by-case MACT? 112(g) of the CAA 112(g) of the CAA Construction or reconstruction of a major (10/25) process or production unit Construction or reconstruction of a major (10/25) process or production unit

22 What is case-by-case MACT? Contd. Implemented through preconstruction permit programs in general Implemented through preconstruction permit programs in general

23 What is the MACT Hammer? 112(j) of the CAA requires major sources to submit a permit application proposing source-specific MACT if the EPA misses a scheduled promulgation date by 18 mos. 112(j) of the CAA requires major sources to submit a permit application proposing source-specific MACT if the EPA misses a scheduled promulgation date by 18 mos.

24 May 8, 2003 rule Requires the application to be submitted 60 days after EPA misses a recently negotiated schedule Requires the application to be submitted 60 days after EPA misses a recently negotiated schedule http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/112j/ http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/112j/

25 112(j) Conditions of the MACT determination must be incorporated into the Title V operating permit by the permitting authorities Conditions of the MACT determination must be incorporated into the Title V operating permit by the permitting authorities

26 Just a little review How many listed HAPs are there? How many listed HAPs are there? What is the MACT floor? What is the MACT floor? What is a major source of HAPs? What is a major source of HAPs? What types are subject to 112(g)? What types are subject to 112(g)?


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