3 Literature Analysis Methods SIFTSCASIPETER4 Roles of DiscussionCharacterization and STEAL
4 SIFTS – symbol – examine the title and text for symbolism (a symbol is any object, person, place, or action that has both a meaning in itself and that stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, attitude, belief, or value – example: a dove in a story isn’t just a bird, it often symbolizes peace)I – images – identify images and sensory details (how does something look, feel, taste, smell, sound? Why is this important?)
5 SIFTF – figures of speech – analyze figurative language and other devices (examples: simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, apostrophe, oxymoron, paradox, pun, etc.)T – tone AND theme – discuss how all devices reveal tone and theme (tone – writer’s/speaker’s attitude toward a subject, character, or audience; conveyed through author’s diction and details – theme – central message of a literary work; usually expressed as a statement. Ex: Power is hard to control.)
6 SCASI Setting Character Action Style Ideas SIFTSymbolImagesFigures of SpeechTone AND ThemeSCASISettingCharacterActionStyleIdeasPETERPointEvidenceTechniqueEffectResponse4 ROLESConnectorQuestionerCool ThingIllustratorSTEALSpeechThoughtEffectActionLooks
7 SCASI Setting When and where the story takes place Character Who are they, features and traits that form the individual, round, flat, stereotype, etc., how are they relatedActionWhat happens, storylineStyleNarrative, Expository, PersuasiveIdeasThemes, Motifs
8 PETER Point Author’s Claim- What is he saying? Evidence from the text to support the claimTechniquewhat literary devices does the author use?Effecton the characters and the readerResponseCritical response AND how did YOU react to the piece?
9 4 Roles of Discussion Connector Connect the piece to other literature, characters, or eventsQuestionerDialogue with the text. Why? Why? Why?Cool ThingWhat is fun or unusual?IllustratorCreate visuals- a moment, thought, theme, character, imagery, setting, symbol, etc.
11 SpeechWhat does the character say? How does the character speak?ThoughtsWhat is revealed through the character’s private thoughts and feelings?Effect (on others toward the character)What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?ActionsWhat does the character do? How does the character behave?LooksWhat does the character look like? How does the character dress?