2Proclamation Act 1763Colonists must pay for protection from British army, for war just concluded, taxed without any say. Forbidden to travel beyond line down Appalachians.
3Writs of AssistanceBritish tired of colonist’s smuggling (business men like John Hancock earned his wealth by smuggling)Laws are passed to allow British gov’t the right to search for illegal goods on colonist’s propertyColonists take it to courtJames Otis presented Colonist POVOtis loses, but his arguments are well-received by colonists.Main point was everyone has a right to privacy
4Grenville Program (Revenue Act of 1764 or Sugar Act) Lowered Tax on sugar to increase revenueUndercut colonists’ smugglers profits
5Stamp Act of 1765Excise taxAll printed materials, including newspapers were taxedNews industry did not like it, so they protested in print, wrote bad things about England.
6Virginia Resolution Written by Patrick Henry in response to Stamp Act Asked for resistance to stamp actTook well in BostonPeople broke into Gov. Hutchinson’s home and trashed itBroke into Stamp distributor’s house – he quitOthers followed and did the same to local stamp distributorsGroups becomes basis for Sons of Liberty(Paul Revere the most famous)Parliament does, and Act is repealed
7Declaratory ActSaid English would pass any law they want to control the coloniesColonists ignored these laws just as they had the Stamp Act
8Townshend ActsHe replaces Grenville, and places taxes on goods to raise money (five items taxed)Glass, paper, paint, lead, teaMoney raised goes to pay the governors (who were appointed by the King)
9S of L complainBy England paying the govs, they lose leverage (they had paid them originally)British send in troops to Boston to enforce authority of governor.Samuel Adams, above, and Paul Revere became two of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty movement
10Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770) Change of shifts of Boston Troops outside of a Boston Tavern.Colonists verbally and physically harass the troopsShots fired by troops, five men killed (Crispus Attucks, a black man was the first to die)
11Sam Adams calls it the “Boston Massacre” Paul Revere engraving romanticizes itJohn Adams represents the British Soldiers—All acquitted except for two light sentences
13Boston Tea Party1773, British reorganize the failing British, East India Company.Makes monopoly for tea in AmericaLowers prices to undercut smugglersSeen by colonists as a way to make them pay tea tax.Colonists boycott English tea
14Ship, Dartmouth lands in Boston Harbour Sons of Liberty won’t let it be unloadedHutchinson won’t let it go unloadedAnnounced that the ship had to be unloaded by Dec. 16, 1773
15Meeting held on Dec 15, at Faneuil Hall. Huge gathering of S of L membersPeople marched out, some dressed as Indians, and boarded the ship, and dumped the tea into the harbourSimilar incidents happened up and down the coast.
16Coercive Acts / Intolerable Acts Series of laws passed after the Boston Tea PartyClosed the port of Boston (until the tea was paid for)Massachusetts Government Act (took away the MA charter, assemblies outlawed, run by the military)
17Quartering Act Justice Act Number of soldiers in Boston increased People forced to allow soldiers in their homesJustice ActAny soldier accused of breaking a law would be tried in Britain
18Quebec Act Civilians given rule Extended religious freedom to Catholics (scares puritan based colonies)Extends border to Ohio RiverAngers VA in particular
19First Continental Congress, Philadelphia (fall of 1774) Reps sent from all coloniesResolution sent to the king, complaining about their rightsRefuse to import British goods if nothing is done.
201774-75 By spring of 75, they stop exporting to Britain This is an open defiance of British Authority
21Committees of Correspondence Authored by Mercy Warren (sister of James Otis)Underground network of spreading ideas during revolutionAlso leads to colonists outward display of “American Way”Branches such as the committee of safety
221774-75 Royal governments dissolve British put more military pressure on New England coloniesColonists begin developing armories, and collecting stashes of arms for possible military conflictBritish know of these armories
23April 19, 1775General Gates sends troops to confiscate arms stored in Concord, MAAlerts are made to mobilize militias (minute men) by the likes of Paul Revere and William Dawes.Old North Church: lookout for approaching British Troops
24Lexington Green 8 men killed, colonists turn and run (Revere captured, Dawes makes run to Concord)in Concord, all guns are hidden, British set the armory on fire
25As they retreated over the Concord Bridge, colonists engaged the British. They continued to shoot at them on their retreat from behind trees and rocks.“The Shots heard around the World” The beginning of the American Revolution.