2Chapter eleven notesElection of 1800-Louisiana Purchase
3Election of 1800 Ugly, mudslinging-affair Successful changing of guard VP candidate received same # of votes (Burr)Successful changing of guardNo hint of feared anarchyTestament to the stability possible with a democracyFederalists (many revolutionaries, intellectuals), pushed aside in favor of more action
4Jefferson’s administration Attempts to build bridges between two partiesAdoption of Hamilton’s program’s including the support of funding the debt.Jefferson himself believed in a more egalitarian view, without one group greater than another.
5Judiciary Act of 1801Last minute justices appointed by Adams upset RepublicansJefferson repealed the Act—16 Justices lost their position.Marbury appealed, but Chief Justice John Marshall turned it down because it was unconstitutional.Marbury v. Madison (1803) established the precedent for judicial branch (S.C. determines the constitutionality of an issue)What looked like a loss for Marshall was actually a victory
6Attempt to impeach Justice Samuel Chase failed. This established a precedent that the executive branch has not attempted to unseat “sitting judges”
7Jefferson and the military Feared that a strong military could threaten the people and ruin the democracy.The Pasha of Tripoli wanted more $ for protection of ravaged U.S. Ships in the Mediterranean.Jefferson sent the NavyWar lasted for 4 years (off and on)—and this aided the development of the Navy.“Mosquito Fleet” was born –proved worthless during War of 1812
8Louisiana PurchaseGreat deal even at the cost of Jefferson’s principlesHe feared that French possession of LA would eventually lead to a fight against FranceNapoleon was interested in selling the land because of problems in Santo Domingo such as mosquitoes (Yellow Fever), and a revolt led by Toussaint L’Ouverture. Also in lengthy dispute w/ Britain
1015 million paid for all of LA, even though Jefferson only intended to buy New Orleans for 10 million.Opposed by Federalists (they claimed unconstitutionality, but really feared addition of Western States)Purchase eventually allowed the country to look to the west in search of their future, not towards Europe and their many problems.
12Embargo Act of 1807War in Britain and France made trade difficult for American merchants. Both made laws forbidding other countries to sail into the other’s ports. British made a practice of impressing American sailors when they came upon American shipsJefferson issued the Embargo Act, forbidding Americans from exporting goods from American portsAmericans starvedA navy could have been built to protect American ships
13Americans feared that the war between would go on for too long, and that Americans would suffer.
14Embargo Act replaced in 1809 with a more limited Non-Intercourse Act. Somehow, this led to the growth of manufacturing in New England (something that Jefferson did not want).
15Create a political cartoon Use one of the topics from this chapter, and create a cartoon that displays a distinct point of view from someone in the United States.Possible topics include, Marbury vs. Madison, Embargo Act, LA Purchase, War with Tripoli, election of 1800.For Thursday: finish cartoon, take outline notes on pages (focus on the War of )