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The Cell Factory. ORGANELLE is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions. is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions.cell.

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Presentation on theme: "The Cell Factory. ORGANELLE is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions. is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions.cell."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cell Factory

2 ORGANELLE is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions. is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions.cell

3 THE CELL CAN BE SPLIT INTO 3 DEPARTMENTS PLASMA MEMBRANE PLASMA MEMBRANE CYTOPLASM CYTOPLASM NUCLEUS NUCLEUS

4 Cell Membrane Is made up of a phospholipid bilayer, proteins and cholesterol. Is made up of a phospholipid bilayer, proteins and cholesterol. Helps regulate what comes into and out of the cell. Helps regulate what comes into and out of the cell. Communicates with other cells. Communicates with other cells.

5 CELL WALL Not found in animal cells. Not found in animal cells. Gives support and extra strong protection. Gives support and extra strong protection.

6 THE CYTOPLASM Organelles are suspended in the cytoplasm. Organelles are suspended in the cytoplasm. Section between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Section between the cell membrane and the nucleus.

7 Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Has ribosomes on the outer surface. Has ribosomes on the outer surface. Proteins are modified here once it is made by the ribosome. Proteins are modified here once it is made by the ribosome.

8 Smooth ER The large amount of surface area allows the cell to synthesize lipids and carbohydrates The large amount of surface area allows the cell to synthesize lipids and carbohydrates

9 Ribosomes Can be found on Rough ER or free floating. Can be found on Rough ER or free floating. Are spherical proteins with a strand of RNA. Are spherical proteins with a strand of RNA. Provides location for protein synthesis. Provides location for protein synthesis.

10 Vacuoles Area of storage within a cell. Area of storage within a cell. Much larger in plants. Much larger in plants.

11 LysosomesGarbage men of the Factory. Contain enzymes that break down large molecules into smaller ones. Contain enzymes that break down large molecules into smaller ones. Destroys worn out or injured cells. Destroys worn out or injured cells.

12 Golgi Apparatus Receives proteins from ER. Receives proteins from ER. Modifies and sends proteins where they need to go (possibly outside the cell). Modifies and sends proteins where they need to go (possibly outside the cell).

13 Mitochondria Power House of the cell. Power House of the cell. Site of cellular respiration and electron transport chain. Site of cellular respiration and electron transport chain.

14 Chloroplast Not found in animal cells. Not found in animal cells. Converts light energy to usable chemical energy in a plant. Converts light energy to usable chemical energy in a plant. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis

15 Microtubules Function to move organelles and chromosomes around cell. Function to move organelles and chromosomes around cell. Supports the cells structure Supports the cells structure

16 Nucleus Brain of the cell. Brain of the cell. Contain Chromatin (DNA). Contain Chromatin (DNA). Contain the nucleolus. Contain the nucleolus.

17 Nuclear Envelope protects the nucleus but has pores to allow particles in and out of the nucleus. protects the nucleus but has pores to allow particles in and out of the nucleus.

18 Nucleolus Makes ribosomes. Makes ribosomes. Inner most part of the nucleus. Inner most part of the nucleus.


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