Presentation on theme: "Pathogens in Animals and Plants By: Steven Shanks Jessica Wright Ashley Berg."— Presentation transcript:
Pathogens in Animals and Plants By: Steven Shanks Jessica Wright Ashley Berg
What is a Pathogen? A Pathogen is an infectious agent, or more commonly germ, a biological agent that causes disease to its host.
Virus Diseases in Animals Some common diseases in animals include bird flu, rabies, and anthrax. There are many common ways to treat these diseases in animals and the most common way is Vaccines. Vaccines are simply harmless variants of pathogenic microbes that stimulate the immune system to put up a defense against an attacking disease.
Emerging Viruses Three processes contribute to the emergence of viral diseases. 1. First, the mutation of existing viruses is a major source of these new diseases. 2. Another source of new viral diseases is the spread of existing viruses from one host species to another. 3. Finally, the dissemination of a viral disease from a small, isolated population can lead to widespread epidemics.
Viral Diseases in Plants There are currently more than 2,000 different types of viral diseases in plants that are known to the world. Plant viral diseases spread by two major routes. In the first route, called horizontal transmission, a plant is infected from an external source of the virus. The other route of viral infection is vertical transmission, in which a plant inherits a viral infection from a parent.
Viral infections of plants Viral infection of plants. Infection with particular viruses causes breaking or streaking of tulip flower color (top), irregular brown patches on tomatoes (left center), and black blotching on squash (bottom).
Viroids and Prions: The Simplest Infectious Agents Viroids. These are circular RNA molecules, only several hundred nucleotides long, that infect plants. Prions. Infectious proteins that appear to cause a number of degenerative brain diseases in animals.