Presentation on theme: "Design Time Here We Go!. The Design Process Weve been using the design process already There is no one way to design. Has about 9 steps, according to."— Presentation transcript:
Design Time Here We Go!
The Design Process Weve been using the design process already There is no one way to design. Has about 9 steps, according to John V-Neun, an Innovation First, Inc. Lead Mechanical Engineer.
The design process But design is an iterative process. The secret is to repeat the process or parts of the process to improve the final result. Jump back and forth through the Design Process, repeat steps as necessary.
The Real-ish Design Process Step 1 – Define the Problem Step 2 – Generate Specifications Step 3 – Specification Ranking / Weighting Step 2a – Add more Specifications Step 3a – Re-rank Specifications Step 4 – Brainstorm Design Concepts Step 5 – Prototyping Step 4a – Brainstorm more Design Concepts Step 5a – More Prototyping Step 6 – Choose a Concept Step 5b – More and More Prototyping Step 7 – Detailed Design Step 5c – More Prototyping Step 4b – Determine more Design Concepts Step 5d – More Prototyping Step 7a – More Detailed Design Step 8 – Manufacturing & Implementation Step 9 – Analyze Results Step 4c – Back to the Drawing Board… More Design Concepts Step 5e – More Prototyping Step 7b – More Detailed Design Step 8a – Build it again… Step 9a – Test it again…. Etc.
The Design Process Step 1 – Define the problem! –Single most important step. –Without knowing the problem, how can we solve it? Define the true problem. –Get to the root of the issue, dont just fix symptoms. –Avoid perceived problems
The Design Process Step 2 – Generate Specifications –Specification – An explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by the final solution. Typically come from two places: –Design Constraints –Functional Requirements
The Design Process Step 3 – Specification Ranking / Weighting –All specs are not created equal. These are often ranked in some way. –One ranking system: W = Wish (not that important, but would be nice if possible) P = Preferred (important, but the project wont fail without it) D = Demand (Critical to the project, MUST be included) –Sometimes related specifications will be created with different rankings.
The Engineering Design Process Step 4 – Generate Design Concepts –Almost everyone does the same this when faced with a problem, often subconsciously. – Think of alternative courses of action. Formally documenting this intuitive action helps to solve complex engineering problems. –Brainstorm Solutions - (more on this) –Figure out the how for the what of the specifications. –Two Words – Napkin Sketches!
Brainstorming Group creativity technique Generate a LARGE number of ideas. Focus on quantity not quality. –Many ideas are generated in the hope that a few good ideas will develop. Critical part of solving any problem. Record EVERYTHING, no idea is too silly. –You never know what will spark a GREAT idea.
The Design Process Step 5 – Prototyping –Make your napkin sketches real… –The goal here is to LEARN as much as you can about the concepts and how well each functions. –Prototypes designed to be crude, but functional enough to be educational. –See the concept interact with the real environment.
The Design Process Step 6 – Choose a Concept –Take the lessons learned from prototyping and make a decision. Choose a concept to go forward with. –Often the right solution just reveals itself. Find the elegant solution. "When I am working on a problem I never think about beauty. I only think about how to solve the problem. But when I have finished, if the solution is not beautiful, I know it is wrong." - Buckminster Fuller –There are more methodical ways to make a decision… Vote is a 4-letter word!
The Design Process Step 7 – Detailed Design –Take the concept and make it into something more real. –The goal at the end of this is to have a design or plan that can actually be implemented or constructed. –CAD Models, Assembly Drawings, Manufacturing Plans
The Design Process Step 8 – Manufacturing & Implementation –Depending on the design the implementation could be a manufactured product, a report, a PowerPoint presentation. –Build it! Step 9 – Analyze Results –Review how the implementation went. –Learn what worked, what didnt, what can be improved. –Document the results.