2Baroque: The Ornate Age Advanced the techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance were married to the emotion, intensity and drama of MannerismStyles ranged from Italian realism to French flamboyanceCommon thread was a sensitivity to and absolute mastery of light to achieve maximum emotional impact.
3It began around 1600, with the Catholic Popes financing to advertise their triumphs after the Counter Reformation.Attraction to new worshippers with “must see” architectureSpread to France where rulers spent sums similar to the Egyptian Pharaohs to glorify themselves.
4Themes ranged from classical to religious in the Catholic countries to still lifes and landscape paintings in Protestant countries where religious paintings were forbidden.
5Carravagio: “The Conversion of St. Paul” 1601Italian BaroqueTook realism to new lengths.Criticized for depicting holy figures as common people.Use of light brought focus to particular details.St. Paul, thrown from horse, showing an “explicit rear-end view”
6Italian BaroqueDiffered from Renaissance in its emphasis on emotion rather than rationality, dynamism rather than stasis.“It was as if Baroque artists took Renaissance figures and set them spinning like tops.”
7“The Calling of St. Matthew” He advocated direct paintings from nature—often directly from the seamy slums.Apostle to be as a tax collector, in a tavern, surrounded by dandies, when the light comes on him and the call from Jesus.
8Bernini: “The Ecstasy of St. Theresa” SculptorHis work showed dynamic, explosive energyThis work fuses sculpture and architecture.
9St. Peters CathedralThe essence of Baroque style: mixture of dazzling colors, forms and materials—provide an overwhelming theatrical effect.
10Borromini: “San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane” Serpentine nature makes the walls seem to be in motionUsed never before linked shapesAlternating convex and concave walls give rippling effects.
11Flemish Baroque Flanders (S. Netherlands—now Belgium) Remained Catholic after the Reformation, which gave artists ample incentive to produce religious paintings.Key artist was Sir Peter Paul Rubens
12Rubens: “The Descent from the Cross” 1612Worked everywhere, bringing synthesis of all stylesOver 2,000 paintingsThis painting shows “Baroque curves and dramatic lighting.
13“Marie Arrives at Marseilles Famous for his paintings of full figured nudesThe arrival of the French Queen depicted as a “sensory extravaganza spilling over with color and opulence”
14Van Dyke: “Charles I at the Hunt” 1635Flemish painter; hired by English King, Charles IPainted officials in “action poses”Popular for flattering adjustments given to subjects of his work.
16Heda: “Still Life” 1636 Dutch Still life paintings began in “post-reformation” Netherlands.Extraordinary realism in portraying domestic scenes.
17Hals: “The Jolly Toper” 1627DutchUsed sweeping brush strokes to freeze the passing moment (here, he looks just about to talk)Known for enlivening his subjects
18Ruisdael: “Windmill at Wijk-bij-Duurstede 1665DutchMost versatile landscape artistEmphasized great stretches of sky water and fields, with contrasting colors to add somber mood to his paintings
19Rembrandt: “The Nightwatch” 1642; DutchPerhaps most famous painter of Western World.Early in career did many commissioned works“Nightwatch” was a turning point between early and later in his career.Later works moved from Baroque style to darker, moodier themes
20Vermeer: “The Kitchenmaid” 1658DutchMaster of using light and shapes and texture to bring out features in paintings.
22Hogarth: “Breakfast Scene” 1745EnglandVery satirical artistInfluenced by his father’s imprisonment for debt.Targeted idle aristocracy, drunken urban workers and corrupt politicians
23Wren: “St. Paul’s Cathedral” Dome: diameter 112 feet and height 365 feet.Lantern and cross at the top weighed 64,000 tons.
24Velazquez: “Las Meninas” 1656SpanishCreated forms through color and light rather than through lines. . .“preferred understatement to ostentation and realism to idealism.”
25La Tour: “The Penitent Magdalen” Use of light ala Carravagio.Use of geometrical shapes/less life likeHuman features “hidden”
26Poussin: “Burial of Phocion” 1648Most famous French painter of 17th c.Took classical rationalism seriouslyBattles, heroic actions, and religious themes were the only thing worth painting according to Poussin.
27La Brun & Hardouin-Mansart: “Hall of Mirror” (Versailles) 1680240-foot-long gallery, lined with massive silver furniture17 floor to ceiling windows and mirrors reflect the sun.
28Le Notre: “The Grounds at Versailles” Water added to appease the complaints of Louis XIV’s mistresses complaints about the symmetry.