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4-23-13 Do Now: What is the difference between a plant and animal cell? LT: I can describe the the functions performed by cells.

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Presentation on theme: "4-23-13 Do Now: What is the difference between a plant and animal cell? LT: I can describe the the functions performed by cells."— Presentation transcript:

1 Do Now: What is the difference between a plant and animal cell? LT: I can describe the the functions performed by cells.

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3 P) Chloroplasts (Plants only) (LS1D) Analogy – Solar Panels 1.Function: site of photosynthesis (converting sun and CO2 into sugar). 2.Structure: Membrane bound organelles that contain chlorophyll Chloroplasts

4 Q) Cell Wall (Plant cells only) (LS1D) Analogy – ground, rock wall 1.Function: Provides support for the cell and the plant. 2.Structure: Made of cellulose Cell Wall

5 Central Vacuole Plants Only (LS1D)

6 Shape (LS1D) AnimalPlant

7 Cells-LS1

8 Definition (LS1A) = Three part theory about cells 1. All living things are made of cells.

9 Part 2 of the Theory (LS1A) 2. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life.

10 Part 3 of the Theory (LS1A) 3. All cells come from pre-existing cells. yeast cells dividing

11 How big are cells? (LS1B) Microscopic (mostly) Measured in microns µm (micrometers). A µm is one millionth of a meter = m = one thousandth of 1 mm.

12 How big are cells? (LS1B) Human red blood cell = 8 µm in diameter

13 How big are cells? Largest cell on the human body = ovum Size= 1000 µm in diameter (1 mm)

14 Cell Parts (LS1A) Cells – the basic unit of life Organelles - small structures inside a cell with specific functions. Analogy – City of Tacoma

15 A) Cell Membrane/Plasma Membrane (LS1A) Analogy – Tacoma city limits 1.Function: Regulates materials entering and exiting the cell. 2.Structure: Two layers of phospholipids, proteins Cell membrane

16 B) Nucleus (LS1A) 1.Function: Control Center. Regulates DNA & RNA actions. 2.Structure: membrane bound, contains DNA Analogy – City Hall Nucleus

17 C) Nuclear Envelope (LS1A/C) Analogy – Walls & Doors of City Hall 1.Function: Regulates what enters or exits the nucleus. 2.Structure: Double Layer of Lipids Nuclear Envelope

18 E) Cytoplasm (LS1A/C) 1.Function: All cell contents that lie between the cell membrane and the nucleus. (organelles + cytosol) a. Cytosol = liquid portion/non-organelles. 2.Structure: made up of fluid and organelles except for nucleus Analogy – All air, water, life that are in Tacoma, except City Hall Cytoplasm

19 F) DNA – Deoxyribonucleic acid (LS1A/C) Analogy – The Laws or City Code 1.Function: information on how to make proteins. a.Chromatin – unorganized DNA (normal state) b.Chromosomes – organized DNA (present before cell division 2.Structure: Made up of nucleotides, locked in the nucleus DNA (chromatin)

20 I) Vacuoles & Vesicles (LS1A/C) Analogy – Grocery stores, water tanks. 1.Function: Storage for water, nutrients or waste. 2.Structure: small membrane-bound organelle. Vesicles

21 J) Lysosomes (LS1A/C) Analogy – Recycling center 1.Function: packets of enzymes that break down materials in a cell. 2.Structure: Small membrane-bound organelles Lysosomes

22 K) Mitochondria (LS1A/C) Analogy – Tacoma Public Utilities 1.Function: Produce energy for the cell – site of cellular respiration. The Powerhouse 2.Structure: Double membrane-bound, kidney shaped. Mitochondria

23 M) Cytoskeleton (LS1A/C) Analogy – Wood, cement, steel beams 1.Function: Provide support and structure for the cell. a. Microfilaments b. Microtubules 2.Structure: Tubules Microfilaments Microtubules

24 Cell Types (LS1C) Nerve Cell Red Blood Cells Muscle Cells Stem Cells

25 Gametes (sex cells) Skin cells Fat cells Cell Types (LS1C)

26 Body systems (LS1C) Respiratory system Digestive system

27 Animal classification (LS1E)

28 Pacific salmon classification (Genus: Oncorhynchus) (LS1E)

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