Presentation on theme: "Toothpaste Brand vs. Bacteria in your mouth"— Presentation transcript:
1Toothpaste Brand vs. Bacteria in your mouth By: Nick Merriman
2Question:How does the brand of toothpaste you use (Prevident 5000 Plus, Pepsodent, Tom’s of Maine All Natural Organic) affect the number of bacteria on your teeth when brushing for 2 minutes in the morning with the same toothbrush.
3Hypothesis:If you change the brand of toothpaste you use then the Prevident 5000 Plus will remove more bacteria than Pepsodent or Tom’s because it is prescription strength toothpaste.
5Variables Manipulated: brand of toothpaste Controlled: amount of time brushing (2 minutes), type of toothbrush, amount of toothpaste used (1 squeeze), time of day (morning)Responding: number of bacteria colonies on your teeth
6Materials Prevident 5000 Plus: Dry Mouth Pepsodent Tom’s of Maine Natural Organic6 sheep blood agar culture plates6 sterile swabs6 sterile inoculating loopstoothbrushtimer
8ProcedureStep 1-On the first day when you wake up note the time and brush your teeth for 2 minutes with Prevident 5000 PlusStep 2-Use the sterile swab to go over your top teeth and your bottom teethStep 3-Using the swab, make a circle on the blood agar about the size of a quarterStep 4-Using the sterile loop spread a streak through the circle area you swabbed , and continue spreading the material out in 3 different directions on the plate. This will let you see and be able to count the separate colonies of bacteria.
12Procedure continued….Step 5: Place the blood agar culture in an incubator for 32 hours at 37 degrees Celsius (body temperature)Step 6: Count the number of visibleBacterial colonies growing on the plate and record.Step 7: On the second repeat steps 1-6 for trial #2Step 8: On the third and 4th day repeat steps 1-7 with PepsodentStep 9: On the fifth and sixth day repeat steps 1-7 with Tom’s of Maine
14Experimental Data Number of Bacterial Colonies on Culture (cfu = colony forming units)Trial #1Trial #2AveragePrevident50001337 cfu1363 cfu1352 cfuPepsodent629 cfu520 cfu524.5 cfuTom’s of Maine13541283 cfucfu
15ConclusionMy hypothesis was incorrect. The Pepsodent cleaned your teeth the best, not the Prevident 5000 Plus. The low was 520 cfu for the Pepsodent. The high was 1363 cfu for the Prevident 5000 Plus. The difference between the two points was 843 cfu. Therefore I have learned that Pepsodent cleans your teeth the best of these three brands. To take this experiment to the next step, you could explore the different types of bacteria.