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Lesson 2 Did you know that the harmful effects of alcohol could be triggered by an interaction of alcohol and medication? Harmful Effects of Alcohol Use.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2 Did you know that the harmful effects of alcohol could be triggered by an interaction of alcohol and medication? Harmful Effects of Alcohol Use."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 2 Did you know that the harmful effects of alcohol could be triggered by an interaction of alcohol and medication? Harmful Effects of Alcohol Use

3 Lesson 2 Examine the short-term effects of alcohol use. Associate risk-taking with consequences such as drinking and driving. Recognize the dangers of alcohol/drug interactions. Demonstrate refusal strategies concerning alcohol use. In this lesson, youll learn to: Lesson Objectives

4 Lesson 2 Body size and gender A small person feels the effect of the same amount of alcohol faster than a large person does. In general, alcohol moves into the bloodstream faster in females. Food Food in the stomach slows down the passage of alcohol into the bloodstream. Amount and rate of intake As the amount of alcohol consumed increases, the level of alcohol in the bloodstream also rises. Factors Influencing the Effects of Alcohol Short-Term Effects of Drinking

5 Lesson 2 Interactions between medications and alcohol can lead to illness, injury, and even death. When a drug enters the body, it travels through the bloodstream to its target organ or tissue. Over time, the body metabolizes the drug.metabolizes Alcohol travels through the bloodstream to the brain. At the same time, the liver metabolizes the alcohol in the bloodstream and makes it less active. How the Body Works Alcohol and Drug Interactions

6 Lesson 2 Alcohol combined with medicines or other drugs can result in a multiplier effect. Both prescription drugs and over-the-counter medicines, such as aspirin, can alter the ways in which alcohol affects the body. Labels on medicines that might cause reactions warn against combining them with alcoholic beverages. Effects of Combining Alcohol and Drugs Alcohol and Drug Interactions

7 Lesson 2 Typical Alcohol-Drug Interactions Alcohol may slow down a drugs absorption by the body. Frequent drinking may increase the number of metabolizing enzymes in the body. Metabolizing enzymes can change some medications into chemicals that can damage the liver or other organs. Alcohol can increase the effects of some drugs. Alcohol and Drug Interactions

8 Lesson 2 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol Alcohol and Drug Interactions Physical and mental impairment begin with the first drink of alcohol and increase as more alcohol is consumed.

9 Lesson 2 Blood Alcohol Concentration A person is said to be intoxicated when his or her blood alcohol concentration (BAC) exceeds the states legal limit. blood alcohol concentration (BAC) In most states, driving while intoxicated is defined as having a 0.1 percent BAC, although in some states the figure is Remember that for anyone under 21, there is no acceptable BAC percentage. Driving Under the Influence

10 Lesson 2 Driving while intoxicated (DWI), also known as driving under the influence (DUI), is the leading cause of death among teens. The consequences of a teen caught DWI may include: Consequences of DWI Harm to the driver and others. Severely restricted driving privileges and/or immediate confiscation of a drivers license. A police record and possible lawsuits. Arrest, jail time, court appearance, and a heavy fine or bail. Driving Under the Influence

11 Lesson 2 Recent studies show that binge drinking is a serious problem among young people.binge drinking Rapid binge drinking (sometimes done on a bet or dare) is especially dangerous because it is possible to consume a fatal dose of alcohol. Binge drinking can cause alcohol poisoning. What Is Binge Drinking? Binge Drinking

12 Lesson 2 Dangers of Over-Intake Alcohol acts as a depressant and shuts down involuntary actions such as breathing and the gag reflex that prevents choking. A fatal dose of alcohol will eventually stop these involuntary actions. Its common for a person who has consumed too much alcohol to vomit because alcohol is a stomach irritant. If the involuntary actions are shut down, a person can choke and be asphyxiated by his or her own vomit. Alcohol Poisoning

13 Lesson 2 Effects of Alcohol Poisoning Passing out is a common effect of drinking too much alcohol. Alcohol in the stomach and intestines continues to enter the bloodstream, and blood alcohol concentration continues to rise. For this reason, its dangerous to assume that a person who has consumed a lot of alcohol will be fine if left to sleep it off. Alcohol Poisoning

14 Lesson 2 Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning Symptoms that indicate alcohol poisoning include:alcohol poisoning Mental confusion, stupor, coma, inability to be roused, vomiting, and seizures. Slow respiration10 seconds between breaths or fewer than 8 breaths a minute. Irregular heartbeat. Hypothermia, or low body temperaturepale or bluish skin color. Severe dehydration from vomiting. Alcohol Poisoning

15 Lesson 2 Call 911 A person who exhibits signs of alcohol poisoning or has passed out may die if left untreated. If you suspect that a person has alcohol poisoning, call 911 immediately. Alcohol Poisoning

16 Lesson 2 Q. The amount of alcohol in a persons blood expressed as a percentage is called _____. 1.blood alcohol concentration 2.binge drinking 3.metabolism 4.alcohol poisoning Choose the appropriate option. Quick Review

17 Lesson 2 A. The amount of alcohol in a persons blood expressed as a percentage is called blood alcohol concentration. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

18 Lesson 2 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. Define metabolism. Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

19 Lesson 2 A. Metabolism is the process by which the body breaks down substances. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

20 Lesson 2 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. What are the signs of alcohol poisoning? Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

21 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. A. Signs of alcohol poisoning: Mental confusion, stupor, coma, inability to be roused, vomiting, and seizures Slow respiration 10 seconds between breaths or fewer than 8 breaths a minute Irregular heartbeat Hypothermia, or low body temperature pale or bluish skin color Severe dehydration from vomiting Quick Review - Answer

22 Lesson 2 Explain why its dangerous to mix alcohol and medications or other drugs. Provide a suitable explanation. Quick Review

23 Lesson 2 A. Correct! The amount of alcohol in a persons blood expressed as a percentage is called blood alcohol concentration. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

24 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

25 Lesson 2 Interactions between medications and alcohol can lead to illness, injury, and even death. When a drug enters the body, it travels through the bloodstream to its target organ or tissue. Over time, the body metabolizes the drug.metabolizes Alcohol travels through the bloodstream to the brain. At the same time, the liver metabolizes the alcohol in the bloodstream and makes it less active. How the Body Works Metabolism is the process by which the body breaks down substances. Alcohol and Drug Interactions

26 Lesson 2 A person is said to be intoxicated when his or her blood alcohol concentration (BAC) exceeds the states legal limit. blood alcohol concentration (BAC) In most states, driving while intoxicated is defined as having a 0.1 percent BAC, although in some states the figure is Remember that for anyone under 21, there is no acceptable BAC percentage. Blood Alcohol Concentration Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in a persons blood expressed as a percentage. Driving Under the Influence

27 Lesson 2 Recent studies show that binge drinking is a serious problem among young people.binge drinking Rapid binge drinking (sometimes done on a bet or dare) is especially dangerous because it is possible to consume a fatal dose of alcohol. Binge drinking can cause alcohol poisoning. What Is Binge Drinking? Binge drinking is drinking five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting. Binge Drinking

28 Lesson 2 Symptoms that indicate alcohol poisoning include:alcohol poisoning Mental confusion, stupor, coma, inability to be roused, vomiting, and seizures. Slow respiration10 seconds between breaths or fewer than 8 breaths a minute. Irregular heartbeat. Hypothermia, or low body temperaturepale or bluish skin color. Severe dehydration from vomiting. Alcohol poisoning is a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose. Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning Alcohol Poisoning


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