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NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 1 Thomas R. Karl Director, NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC Program Manager, NOAA Climate.

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Presentation on theme: "NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 1 Thomas R. Karl Director, NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC Program Manager, NOAA Climate."— Presentation transcript:

1 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 1 Thomas R. Karl Director, NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC Program Manager, NOAA Climate Observations and Analysis NOAA Data Users' Forum Surface Weather/Climate Observations & Data Kansas City, Missouri June 3, 2004 A NOAA Vision For An Integrated Surface Observation System

2 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 2 Atmospheric Observations Data Systems Technology Development OBSERVING SYSTEM TIMELINE Innovations Breakthrough Efficiencies Cost Mass Productions Space Observations Ocean Observations Innovations Breakthrough Efficiencies Cost Mass Productions 20 th Century 21 st Century Discipline Specific ViewWhole System View Technology Development

3 Optimizing Operational Observing Systems For Multiple Users Immature Mostly Mature Trade Space Scientific Data Stewardship Demand Criteria Usefulness of Existing Observing Systems or Observations Capacity & demand Dual use potential State of models for data utilization Perceived impact of resulting data Monte Carlo Experiments Model Simulations Monte Carlo Experiments Model Simulations 21st Century Vision Scientific Data Stewardship Estimated Data Quality Statistics Data Quality Statistics Integrated with Similar Observing Systems New Observing Systems Enhancement of Existing Systems Today Tomorrow Cost to implement Readiness Operating cost Well defined measurement principles Probability of successful implementation of extended measurement system with known properties Extensibility of observing system with respect to later improvements Timeliness of data & information availability Existing infrastructure to support data stewardship activities Potential for transition from research to operations Cost sharing & partnerships Commitment and stability of sponsors Easy and convenient access to data Absence of potential impediments to data use Breadth and readiness of domestic user communities Capacity building opportunities Implementation Criteria Strategic Criteria 3

4 Societal Benefits Climate Ocean Resources DisastersEnergyHealthAgricultureEcosystem Water Resources GEOSS--- Eliminating the Stove Pipe Observing Systems to Create a System of Systems Global Observing Systems GCOS GOOS GTOS WHYCOS World Weather IGBP IOOS CEOS Etc. National Observing Systems Satellites Surface Obs. Radar Aircraft Ocean Observations Paleo-data Private Sector Observing Systems Satellites Mesonets Lightening Commercial Aircraft 4

5 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 5 "I still have a conceptual hang up with 2 separate systems, one for climate and one for weather. We already have an extensive weather obs network - why not just upgrade the quality of info gathered for weather to climate standards and save the $ spent on new reporting stations or replace weather observations with climate level observing stations." --Vice Admiral Lautenbacher A View from the Top on Integrated Observations

6 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 6 We agree! Development of an Integrated Surface Observing System (ISOS) ISOS – 9,000 weather/climate observing stations needed to meet NOAAs data coverage requirements (CRN, COOP, ASOS). Weather & Water/Climate Goals Response: ISOS

7 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 7 Integrating Weather & Climate-Related Surface Observations There are numerous observing systems measuring important weather and climate-related observations Networks are built for specific purposes (related but different priorities). USCRN(NOAA) COOP(NOAA) ASOS(NOAA) Other (PORTS, SURFRAD, ARIMON, BSRN) (NOAA) SCAN(USDA) RAWS(BLM) SNOTEL(USDA) MESONETSRegional Climate Centers, States, Private Sector Integrate from the Inside Out

8 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 8 Integrating Weather & Climate-Related Surface Observations Initial Framework for NOAA Surface Observing Networks: USCRN: United States Climate Reference Network COOP: Volunteer Cooperative Observer Network ASOS: Automated Surface Observing System Network COOP (~8000 Stations)ASOS (~900 Stations) USCRN (107 Stations by Oct 07)* *47 now commisioned, others planned

9 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 9 KA Manhattan 6 SSW, Kansas State University, (Konza Prairie Biological Station) N 96.6 W 1139 October 1, 2003 ID Murphy 10 W, ARS, NW Watershed Research Center 43.2 N W 3950 June 29, 2003 GA Newton 8 W, Robert W. Woodruff Foundation (Ichauway-George Site) 31.3 N 84.5 W 201 August 20, 2002 NE Lincoln 11 SW, Audubon Society (Spring Creek Prairie Site) 40.7 N 96.8 W 1364 January 14, 2002 U.S. Climate Reference Network Sites

10 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 10 Modernized Cooperative Station Instrumentation ASOS

11 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 11 Integrating Weather & Climate-Related Surface Observations Non-NOAA Public Surface Observing Networks: SCAN RAWS SNOTEL State and Regional Mesonets SNOTEL (USDA; ~600 Stations) RAWS (BLM; ~1,700 Stations) SCAN (USDA; 47 Stations) State/Regional Mesonets (~1,000 Stations)

12 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 12 Integrating Weather & Climate-Related Surface Observations Non-NOAA Private Surface Observing Networks: TO BE DETERMINED

13 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 13 RAWSASOSCOOPSNOTELCRNSCANREGIONAL & STATE MESONETS Wind SpeedHHHH5 min to 1 Hr. Wind DirectionHHH5 min to 1 Hr. TemperatureHHDHHH5 min to 1 Hr. Relative HumidityHHH5 min to 1 Hr. PrecipitationHHDHHH5 min to 1 Hr. PressureHH5 min to 1 Hr. Soil MoistureH Soil TemperatureHH15 min to 6 Hr. Surface TemperatureH Solar RadiationHHH5 min to 1 Hr. Maximum TemperatureDDDDD Minimum TemperatureDDDDD Snow DepthDHH DewpointH5min to 1 Hr. VisibilityH Sky ConditionH Wind ChillH Frequency of Observation by Element H: Hourly, D: Daily

14 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 14 An Integrated Surface Observing System for the United States (ISOS)

15 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 15 ISOS Vision for the Near Future Single integrated data maintenance, ingest, quality assurance and control system CRN, COOP and ASOS used to support the weather analysis and forecasting mission as well as climate Initial Planning – Summer 2004

16 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 16 Upcoming Changes at NCDC NCDC will commence Integrated Surface Hourly Data Processing System ( ISHDPS) in September 2005 Network-independent quality assurance daily rather than monthly Loading of data online (now have available) (http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov)

17 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 17 ISHDPS: The Results…. ~ 20,000 stations historically available, 1900 to present Available data increases in 1948, and further increases in 1973.

18 NOAAs National Climatic Data Center Protecting the Past, Revealing the Future 18 ISOS: An Evolving Integration of Networks ISOS Questions?


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