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Similar Figures (Not exactly the same, but pretty close!)
Lets do a little review work before discussing similar figures.
Congruent Figures In order to be congruent, two figures must be the same size and same shape.
Similar Figures Similar figures must be the same shape, but their sizes may be different.
Similar Figures This is the symbol that means similar. These figures are the same shape but different sizes.
SIZES Although the size of the two shapes can be different, the sizes of the two shapes must differ by a factor
SIZES In this case, the factor is x
SIZES Or you can think of the factor as
Enlargements When you have a photograph enlarged, you make a similar photograph. X 3
Reductions A photograph can also be shrunk to produce a slide. 4
Determine the length of the unknown side ?
These triangles differ by a factor of ? 15 3= 5
Determine the length of the unknown side ?
These dodecagons differ by a factor of ? 2 x 6 = 12
Sometimes the factor between 2 figures is not obvious and some calculations are necessary ? =
To find this missing factor, divide 18 by ? =
18 divided by 12 = 1.5
The value of the missing factor is =
When changing the size of a figure, will the angles of the figure also change? ?? ? 70 40
Nope! Remember, the sum of all 3 angles in a triangle MUST add to 180 degrees. If the size of the angles were increased, the sum would exceed 180 degrees
70 40 We can verify this fact by placing the smaller triangle inside the larger triangle
70 40 The 40 degree angles are congruent.
70 40 The 70 degree angles are congruent.
The other 70 degree angles are congruent.
Find the length of the missing side ?
This looks messy. Lets translate the two triangles ?
Now things are easier to see ? 6
The common factor between these triangles is ? 6
So the length of the missing side is…?
Thats right! Its ten!
Similarity is used to answer real life questions. Suppose that you wanted to find the height of this tree.
Unfortunately all that you have is a tape measure, and you are too short to reach the top of the tree.
You can measure the length of the trees shadow. 10 feet
Then, measure the length of your shadow. 10 feet 2 feet
If you know how tall you are, then you can determine how tall the tree is. 10 feet 2 feet 6 ft
The tree must be 30 ft tall. Boy, thats a tall tree! 10 feet 2 feet 6 ft
Similar figures work just like equivalent fractions
These numerators and denominators differ by a factor of
Two equivalent fractions are called a proportion
Similar Figures So, similar figures are two figures that are the same shape and whose sides are proportional.
1) Determine the missing side of the triangle ?
1) Determine the missing side of the triangle
2) Determine the missing side of the triangle ?
2) Determine the missing side of the triangle
3) Determine the missing sides of the triangle ? 8 ?
3) Determine the missing sides of the triangle
4) Determine the height of the lighthouse ?
4) Determine the height of the lighthouse
5) Determine the height of the car ?
5) Determine the height of the car
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