9.3- Jewish Persecution The Nazi’s killed nearly 6 million Jews and million of other people during the Holocaust. Shoah- Hebrew term for the Nazi campaign to exterminate the Jews before and during World War II. The Nazis persecuted anyone who opposed them: disabled, homosexuals, Eastern European people. The Nazis’ strongest hatred was aimed at all Jews.
Nazi Persecution Nuremberg Laws- September 1935- took citizenship away from Jewish Germans. Banned marriage between Jews and Germans. German Jews were deprived of their rights.
Kristallnacht Anti-Jewish violence erupted throughout Germany and Austria on November 9, 1938. Kristallnacht- “night of broken glass”. 90 Jews died, hundreds were badly hurt, and thousands of Jewish businesses were destroyed
Jewish Escape Between 1933 and 1939 about 350,000 Jews escaped Nazi-controlled Germany. Some emigrated to the US but many became trapped in Nazi-dominated Europe because they could not get visas to leave.
The Final Solution January 20, 1942- Nazi leaders decided on the “final solution” for Jews and other “undesirables”. Final Solution- The plan to round up Jews and take them to concentration camps. These were detention centers where healthy individuals worked as slave laborers. The elderly, sick, and young children were sent to extermination camps to be killed in large gas chambers. Most concentration camps were build in Poland and thousands of Jews were killed each day.
Guided Practice Map Explanation Independent Practice 1) Label the map using the activity. 2) For each location- write down the name of the place and a short sentence explaining why it was important (what happened there?).