24Alcohol Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Incurable condition found in some children of mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancyWide range of physical and mental disabilities that last a lifetimeFacial deformity, delayed physical growth, heart defects, & hyperactivity
25Mental retardation and severe learning problems Alcohol interferes with tissue growth and developmentBrain tissue is easily injured by alcoholPoor coordination and difficulty controlling behavior
26Other Harmful Drugs Medicines – both over-the-counter and prescription Caffeine – found in some foods and beveragesNicotine and other toxic chemicals found in cigarettesIllegal drugs and inhalants
28Hazardous Chemicals and Substances PaintPesticides used to exterminate bugsLead (in water and paint)Carbon monoxideMercury (found in fish, such as swordfish and shark)Solvents, paint thinners, and formaldehyde (used in some workplaces)
30Rubella Can cause severe birth defects First three months most criticalBlindnessDeafnessHeart diseaseMental retardation
31Toxoplasmosis An infection caused by a parasite Can cause blindness, hearing loss, & learning disabilitiesDeath or long-term mental disabilitiesMiscarriage or stillbirthA pregnant woman should never clean a cat’s litter box, eat undercooked meat, and should wash hands thoroughly and immediately after touching raw meat.
32Chicken PoxIf an expectant mother gets chicken pox during the first half of her pregnancy, her baby is at slight risk of getting a condition called “congenital varicella syndrome”Scarring of the skin, limb defects, eye problems, and other serious abnormalities, miscarriage
33Sexually Transmitted Diseases Some can be passed on to the child during the birth processSyphilis, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, genital herpes, AIDS, and ChlamydiaNewborns are treated with a solution that will kill any gonorrhea germs that could cause blindness
34AIDS 35 to 65% risk the virus will be passed on to the baby. Attacks the brainThe infected babies often have seizures and retarded mental development.