Presentation on theme: "COAL MINING & INDIANA BAT POPULATION TRENDS"— Presentation transcript:
1COAL MINING & INDIANA BAT POPULATION TRENDS KIMERY VORIESOSMALTON, IL
2CURRENT STATUSOSM has initiated meetings with the Assistant Regional Directors with Regions 3,4,and 5 of the US FWS to explore options for resolution of regional inconsistencies with handling SMCRA permitting related to T & E species.
3Bat Conservation International Approximate Indiana Bat Composite Range (summer and winter)Anthracite (potentially minable)Lignite (potentially minable)Low Volatile Bituminous (potentially minable)Medium and High VolatileBituminous (other uses)Bituminous (potentially minable)Coal field and Indiana bat range (based on data compiled by Bat Conservation International) boundaries were accessed via The National Atlasof the United States (http://nationalatlas.gov). Map prepared by Andrew King, Bloomington, Indiana Field Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.Bat Conservation InternationalIsolated RecordPriority I Hibernacula (>30,000 bats since 1960)U.S. Fish & Wildlife ServiceRange of the Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis) in relation to Eastern U.S. Coal Fields
4SMCRA PERMITING ISSUES FOR INDIANA BATS Inconsistency of Species Specific Protective MeasuresInconsistent adoption of OSM/FWS 1996 Biological OpinionOveremphasis on Protection of Summer HabitatInadequate emphasis on Protection of Winter Habitat
5DIFFERENCES IN PROTECTION & ENHANCEMENT PLANS Trigger for Summer SurveyTypes of SurveyPEP RequirementRadio Telemetry RequirementMinimize TakeShort Term Habitat ReplacementLong Term Habitat Replacement
6Trigger for Summer Survey OH Demonstrate IB habitat does not exist or survey.WV Over 40 acres of disturbance may Survey or Assume Presence. Over 247 acres must survey.TN Within 10 miles of winter hibernacula or 5 miles of summer capture occurrenceKY Area with summer habitat assume presence or survey (Unapproved)
7Radio Telemetry Requirement OH, TN, WV Requirement Not AddressedKY Radio Telemetry Required for all captured Indiana bats (Unapproved)
81996 Biological OpinionCorp of Engineers Section 404 Permit Requirement for full Section 7 ConsultationNo mention of 1996 Biological Agreement in USFWS Indiana Bat Revised Recovery Plan
9Overemphasis on Protection of Summer Habitat FWS FR NOTICE OF March 6, 2007 that States that summer habitat is not limiting to the species.
13OSM TREND ANALYSISBAT POPULATION CHANGE VERSUS PERCENT COAL PRODUCTION CHANGE AS AN INDICATOR OF RATE OF GROWTH OR DECLINE IN COAL MINING ACTIVITY
14IN BAT POPULATION CHANGE (Thousands) VERSUS (%) CHANGE IN COAL PRODUCTION Expected Trend Line for Mining to Negatively Impact Bat Population
15TREND ANALYSISPOPULATION CHANGE VERSUS TOTAL COAL PRODUCTION AS AN INDICATOR OF THE INFLUENCE OF A LARGE VERSUS SMALL STATE COAL MINING INDUSTRY
16TOTAL COAL PRODUCTION (Millions of Tons) VERSUS IN BAT POPULATION CHANGE (Thousands) LARGEMEDIUMSMALLExpected Trend Line for Mining to Negatively Impact Bat Population
17TREND ANALYSISPOPULATION CHANGE VERSUS PERCENT COAL PRODUCTION TREND BY SURFACE VERSUS UNDERGROUND METHODSGREATER THAN 60% OF COAL MINED IN THE STATE BY SURFACE MINING METHODSGREATER THAN 60% OF COAL MINED IN THE STATE BY UNDERGROUND METHODS
18IN BAT POPULATION CHANGE (Thousands) VERSUS (%) CHANGE IN COAL PRODUCTION FOR SURFACE MINED STATES Expected Trend Line for Mining to Negatively Impact Bat Population
19IN BAT POPULATION CHANGE (Thousands) VERSUS (%) CHANGE IN COAL PRODUCTION BY UNDERGROUND MINED STATESExpected Trend Line for Mining to Negatively Impact Bat Population
20TOTAL COAL PRODUCTION (Millions of Tons) FOR SURFACE MINED STATES VERSUS IN BAT POPULATION CHANGE (Thousands)Expected Trend Line for Mining to Negatively Impact Bat PopulationMEDIUMSMALL
21TOTAL COAL PRODUCTION (Millions of Tons) FOR UNDERGROUND MINED STATES VERSUS IN BAT POPULATION CHANGE (Thousands)Expected Trend Line for Mining to Negatively Impact Bat PopulationLARGEMEDIUM
22RESULTSNO TREND COULD BE IDENTIFIED BETWEEN CHANGES IN INDIANA BAT POPULATIONS AND ASPECTS OF COAL PRODUCTION OR MINING METHOD EITHER POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE.
23WHAT IS THE REAL REASON FOR THE DECLINE? Instead of mist netting the Eastern U.S. you needn’t look any further than your Internet.....
24Decline of Indiana bats in Missouri Missouri Caves Association CLICK on the CAVE NAME to open their web site.Missouri Members of MCABluff Dwellers Caverns & Browning Museum Bridal Cave Cameron Cave Cathedral Cave Crystal Cave Fantastic Caverns Fishers Cave Jacob's Cave Mark Twain Cave Marvel Cave Meramec Caverns Onondaga Cave Ozark Caverns Round Spring Caverns Talking Rocks Cavern
25Decline of Indiana bat in Arkansas Arkansas Members of MCABlanchard Springs Caverns Bull Shoals Caverns Cosmic Caverns Hurricane River Cave Mystic Caverns Old Spanish Treasure Cave War Eagle Caverns