Presentation on theme: "Program Development & Logic Model Designing, developing, and evaluating non-profit programs."— Presentation transcript:
Program Development & Logic Model Designing, developing, and evaluating non-profit programs
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 2 Program Development/Logic Model When developing a new program, it is especially important that an organization address a few key points when applying for funds to finance the program. The following guidelines cover these crucial steps, which include: Assessment of community needs Program design Performance measurement Program evaluation
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 3 Community Needs Assessment Before designing a program, it is recommended that an organization conduct a community needs assessment to determine that the program is addressing a need that exists in the community. In order to get an accurate picture, this assessment should involve people representing various aspects of the community. In gathering research, the following questions may serve as a guideline: Who does the problem affect? How many people are affected? How is this problem addressed in other locations affected by it? What has and has not worked? Is this problem already being addressed in this community? How? Continued…
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 4 Community Needs Assessment Continued A new program should not be replicating services already provided in the community. If the needs assessment determines that the problem is already being addressed adequately by other organizations in the community, it may be best to narrow or broaden the programs approach to address the problem in a unique manner. Visit other organizations addressing the problem, in the community or not, to assess what approaches do and do not work, and how services can be improved upon.
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 5 Program Design Some basic qualities of a good program are that it: Describes and gives evidence of a community need that can be addressed. Identifies a gap in services available in the community which address the need. Explains why this program is an appropriate strategy to meet the need. Outlines the activities of program members in addressing the need. Establishes community partnerships in the process of addressing the community need. Anticipates the positive outcome of the program in the community. Defines the method of measuring results (see the following section on Performance Measurement).
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 6 The Logic Model A recommended method of program design is to use a logic model to plan and evaluate the proposed program. A logic model is a depiction of the processes and targeted outcomes of the program. This should help the organization to specify goals, identify what resources are needed, identify indicators of progress and measurements of success, and communicate the programs potential value.
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 7 The Logic Model – Components The components of a basic logic model include: Needs: The community need as identified in the Community Needs Assessment. Inputs: The resources needed to complete activities. Activities: What staff, volunteers, etc. actually do. Outputs: A measurement of the actual amount of service completed. Intermediate Outcomes: Measurable change and improvements in the programs constituents and/or community. End Outcomes: The target changes that the organization hopes to achieve in the programs constituents and/or community.
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 8 Sample Logic Model NeedInputsActivitiesOutputsInter- mediate Outcomes End Outcomes Low third- grade reading performance Staff Books Space Volunteers 20 volunteers will tutor children one- on-one in reading 3 times a week (x) number of children tutored Increased number of books read, increased reading on own Increased reading performance, improved grades
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 9 Performance Measurement The purpose of performance measures is to capture the ongoing progress the program is making. It should provide a snapshot of the impact of the work that the organization is doing. This is an especially important step in establishing accountability to any funder. Identify all of the services the organization provides and the likely impact these services will have on the community.
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 10 Performance Measurement – Tracking Tools Determine tracking tools for use in measuring the results of services offered. These measures should focus on goal outputs and outcomes, as identified by the community needs assessment and defined by the programs logic model. The measures should be in quantifiable terms and clearly defined. A good guide for determining performance measures is the acronym SMART. They should be: Specific Measurable Attainable Realistic Timely
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 11 Program Evaluation The program evaluation should be an analytical study which measures the progress and impact the program has made. Evaluations should be scheduled and carried out throughout the course of the program. This should consist of thorough and objective research conducted by an experienced evaluator, starting at the beginning of the program year. Resources for finding a program evaluator include colleges and universities, research firms, and community organizations. The evaluator should collect data relevant to the programs activities and programs and evaluate the organizations impact. The organization should be consistently involved in the evaluation process and should adjust the programs offered according to performance measures and program evaluations in order to best serve the community.
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 12 Final Note Program development is a complicated process, about which this resource offers only a brief overview. For more information on program development and the logic model, please refer to the resources listed on the following slide.
Feb-14Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 13 Additional Resources CNCS Program Toolkit: http://nationalserviceresources.org/filemanager/downloa d/online/sustainability_toolkit.pdf http://nationalserviceresources.org/filemanager/downloa d/online/sustainability_toolkit.pdf Logic Models: http://www.uwex.edu/ces/pdande/evaluation/powerpt/nut ritionconf05.ppt http://www.uwex.edu/ces/pdande/evaluation/powerpt/nut ritionconf05.ppt Logic Model Development Guide: http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Tools/Evaluation/Pub3669.pdf http://www.wkkf.org/Pubs/Tools/Evaluation/Pub3669.pdf Logic Model - University of Idaho: http://www.uidaho.edu/extension/LogicModel.pdf http://www.uidaho.edu/extension/LogicModel.pdf