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Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky WEST VIRGINIA PRINCIPALS CONFERENCE ENGAGE ME OR ENRAGE ME July 16, 2008 Beaver,

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Presentation on theme: "Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky WEST VIRGINIA PRINCIPALS CONFERENCE ENGAGE ME OR ENRAGE ME July 16, 2008 Beaver,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky WEST VIRGINIA PRINCIPALS CONFERENCE ENGAGE ME OR ENRAGE ME July 16, 2008 Beaver, WV 01

3 My biggest concern as an educator is… © 2008 Marc Prensky

4 My Education Credentials Master of Arts in Teaching (Yale) Taught High School Math (5 yrs) Ran a Street Academy Taught Elementary School French Taught College Music Still Tutor Math Have interviewed close to 1000 kids

5 © 2008 Marc Prensky Education Projects FL, L.A. Virtual Schools Courses Chemistry Game (MeCHeM) Physics Game (Waste of Space) Periodic Table Cell Phone Game (EleMental) Financial Literacy Game (MoneyU) Make Your Own Game ( Games a la Carte) Youth Depression (Mood Management League) Algebra I Game (The Algebots, in development) Reading Teacher Game (to come) Education Projects

6 My Latest Book: © 2008 Marc Prensky

7 How Computer and Video Games Are Preparing Your Kids for Twenty-first Century Success – and How You Can Help!

8 ENGAGE ME or ENRAGE ME Educating Todays Digital Native Learners © 2008 Marc Prensky

9 What you should be worried about is

10 © 2008 Marc Prensky You need to understand both the speed and magnitude of the thats already here…

11 © 2008 Marc Prensky …and the even bigger thats coming

12 Are You Having A Good Summer? © 2008 Marc Prensky

13 Are Your Kids? © 2008 Marc Prensky

14 How many of you have sent an in the past 24 hours? © 2008 Marc Prensky

15 is for old people – A student © 2008 Marc Prensky – A headline in The Chronicle of Higher Education

16 In 30 years… © 2008 Marc Prensky

17 …if technology continues to double in power every year… © 2008 Marc Prensky

18 Our technology will be 1 BILLION TIMES more powerful than today © 2008 Marc Prensky

19 …and today we are already working at the ATOMIC level © 2008 Marc Prensky

20 Most of us prefer to walk backward into the future… © 2008 Marc Prensky

21 …a posture which may be uncomfortable… © 2008 Marc Prensky

22 …but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can. -- Charles Handy © 2008 Marc Prensky

23 © 2003 Marc Prensky 21 st CENTURY EDUCATOR © 2008 Marc Prensky

24 CHANGE TIME Our Lives We are here © 2008 Marc Prensky Discontinuity: Digital Technology

25 So its not just the Far Off Future © 2008 Marc Prensky

26 Life is different Every Day! © 2008 Marc Prensky

27 Banking Phoning Travelling Reading Buying/Selling Obtaining Info © 2008 Marc Prensky You have probably changed the way you do

28 © 2008 Marc Prensky These days NEW TOOLS COME FAST… Sped-up video Picture Search IM/texting Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Phone polling My Space Handhelds P2P Complex Games Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Augmented Reality Phone cameras Phone videos GPS You Tube MoSoSo

29 © 2008 Marc Prensky Yahoo search Google search IM Film Cameras Digital cameras TV You Tube Hard drives Flash memory …and tool switching is already close to instantaneous

30 © 2008 Marc Prensky CHANGE TIME Our Students Lives © 2008 Marc Prensky

31 [our kids were] born to the idea of rapid change -- Nicola Griffith in Slow River (1995) © 2008 Marc Prensky

32 The change that is THREATENING to our teachers…

33 © 2008 Marc Prensky The change that is THREATENING to our teachers… …is EMPOWERING to our students!

34 © 2008 Marc Prensky It means the nature of education is changing!

35 © 2008 Marc Prensky Font of knowledge was the teacher Pre - 21 st Century Font of knowledge Is the Internet 21 st Century+

36 © 2008 Marc Prensky Our future was predictable Pre - 21 st Century Our future is uncertain 21 st Century+

37 © 2008 Marc Prensky Context was local, national Pre - 21 st Century Our context is global 21 st Century+

38 © 2008 Marc Prensky We solved problems with the tools we had Pre - 21 st Century We invent new tools to solve our problems 21 st Century+

39 © 2008 Marc Prensky Helping Students Invent New Tools? How many of your teachers see their job as

40 © 2008 Marc Prensky Knowing long division? In 30 years, will todays kids be better off Or knowing how to solve problems?

41 © 2008 Marc Prensky Knowing how to write? In 30 years, will todays kids be better off Or knowing how to write code?

42 We grow up interacting – through computers and through our cell phones – and thats how we learn. – A graduate student © 2008 Marc Prensky

43 Yet, we have been educating our kids with the same generation of technology AS THIS:

44 © 2008 Marc Prensky 18 th Century Childbirth

45 © 2008 Marc Prensky Medicine has moved into the 21 st century; WHY HASNT EDUCATION?

46 Why do we have to adapt to the past? Why shouldnt we be taught to in different ways! – A College student © 2008 Marc Prensky

47 What do you want/like? Group Work Projects Case Studies Activities Discussing Interacting Being asked about what we think The interactive part Teachers coming down to our level Teachers interacting and using our language The more the teacher gets the class involved in the discussion, the better it is. To be actually thinking about stuff

48 Our kids are already GLOBAL CITIZENS! © 2008 Marc Prensky

49 Community = THE WORLD © 2008 Marc Prensky

50 CHANGE YEARS Timeline © 2008 Marc Prensky Technology 1 billion times more powerful Machines more powerful than the human brain Implanted / wearable Real-time environments Handheld computers with Power of todays super-c Mobile phone wallets

51 © 2008 Marc Prensky When will all this change END!??

52 © 2008 Marc Prensky IT WONT !!!

53 We have to GET USED TO the Idea of Rapid Change! © 2008 Marc Prensky

54 …even in our Schools!

55 © 2008 Marc Prensky The world our kids inhabit is already hugely different from our own

56 You look at technology as a tool. We look at technology as a foundation – its totally integrated into what we do. – a student © 2008 Marc Prensky

57 Its time to TURN AROUND!!

58 © 2008 Marc Prensky And FACE the future

59 © 2008 Marc Prensky What does this mean for TEACHERS?

60 EVERY SINGLE ONE OF YOUR TEACHERS is going to have to CHANGECHANGE how he/she teaches… © 2008 Marc Prensky

61 Giving up more and more CONTROL © 2008 Marc Prensky

62 TO STUDENTS! © 2008 Marc Prensky

63 Lecturing to and controlling students © 2008 Marc Prensky Partnering with students Do you know where each Of your teachers is along this continuum?

64 © 2008 Marc Prensky Changing is SCARY

65 © 2008 Marc Prensky We can make the list of reasons why we CANT or SHOULDNT

66 © 2008 Marc Prensky The list of reasons why we CANT or SHOULDNT It worked in the past The past is important Im too old Its the kids No Child Left Alive You cant make me

67 © 2008 Marc Prensky We can

68 Feel the fear – And stick to what were used to © 2008 Marc Prensky

69 Or we can

70 Feel the fear – and still change © 2008 Marc Prensky

71 Feel the fear – and do it anyway! -- Elizabeth Moon in The Speed of Dark (2003) © 2008 Marc Prensky

72 Is the definition of COURAGE

73 © 2008 Marc Prensky Do we and our teachers have the COURAGE to change?

74 I know its the way to go, Im just not sure I can. – A teacher © 2008 Marc Prensky

75 © 2006 Marc Prensky What if we dont?

76 © 2006 Marc Prensky

77 © 2008 Marc Prensky

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80 Of course, our kids can always get the hi-touch non-offshorable jobs… © 2008 Marc Prensky

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82 So lets talk about…

83 © 2008 Marc Prensky 21 st century kids…

84 Who ARE these people, anyway! © 2008 Marc Prensky

85 not little uss anymore! © 2008 Marc Prensky

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87 Todays younger learners are NOT the ones our systems (and teachers) were designed and trained to teach! © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky

88 5-10,000 hours Video Games 250,000 s and IMs 10,000 hours on cell phones 20,000 hours TV (incl. You tube) 500,000 commercials © 2008 Marc Prensky Why? < 5,000 hours book reading

89 2 billion ring tones per year 2 billion songs per month 6 billion text messages per day © 2008 Marc Prensky

90 DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY © 2008 Marc Prensky

91 Is their BIRTHRIGHT! © 2008 Marc Prensky

92 Sky (b. 2005)

93 © 2008 Marc Prensky

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95 [Young people] are not just using technology differently today, but are approaching their life and their daily activities differently because of the technology. --Net Day Speak-up Day Summary © 2008 Marc Prensky

96 The emerging ONLINE LIFE of the Digital Native © 2008 Marc Prensky

97 The e-Life Communicating IM, chat Sharing Blogs, MySpace Buying & Selling ebay, craigslist Exchanging peer-to-peer Learning Wikipedia, You Tube, search Meeting Second Life Gaming Online, MMORPGs, Cell Phones Searching Info, connections, people Analyzing SETI, drug molecules Reporting Moblogs, photos Programming Open systems, mods search Socializing Learning social behavior, influence Growing Up Exploring, transgressing Coordinating Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Evaluating Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot Collecting Mp3s videos, sensor data Creating Sites, avatars, mods Evolving Peripheral, emergent behaviors © 2008 Marc Prensky REFERENCE

98 The e-Life Communicating IM, chat Sharing Blogs, MySpace Buying & Selling ebay, craigslist Exchanging peer-to-peer Learning Wikipedia, You Tube, search Meeting Second Life Gaming Online, MMORPGs, Cell Phones Searching Info, connections, people Analyzing SETI, drug molecules Reporting Moblogs, photos Programming Open systems, mods search Socializing Learning social behavior, influence Growing Up Exploring, transgressing Coordinating Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Evaluating Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot Collecting Mp3s videos, sensor data Creating Sites, avatars, mods Evolving Peripheral, emergent behaviors © 2008 Marc Prensky

99 The single largest differentiator … is the social network. -- Jack Mckenzie, SVP Frank N. Magid Associates © 2008 Marc Prensky

100 The single largest differentiator … is the social network. -- Jack Mckenzie, SVP Frank N. Magid Associates © 2008 Marc Prensky

101 Equity?

102 © 2008 Marc Prensky Yes, some have more access than others, BUT THEY ARE ALL DIGITAL KIDS

103 © 2008 Marc Prensky They are great at sharing, teaching each other, and getting what they need

104 © 2008 Marc Prensky And we need to help make this happen!

105 © 2008 Marc Prensky Instead of bemoaning the digital divide, we can be a big part of the Solution!

106 WHY are so many kids tuning out of todays school? WHY are so many kids tuning out of todays school? © 2008 Marc Prensky

107 We are © 2008 Marc Prensky them

108 To

109 Whenever I go to school I have to power down – a high school student © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

110 Im engaged in only two of my seven classes. – a high school student © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

111 Im bored all day, because the teachers just talk and talk and talk… – a 5 th grade girl © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

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113 WHY Are our kids SO BORED In school?

114 1.Were not teaching them the right stuff © 2008 Marc Prensky

115 TRUE!

116 © 2008 Marc Prensky Because we are too focused on the past

117 © 2008 Marc Prensky And not on their FUTURE!

118 My passion is my future. – a student © 2008 Marc Prensky

119 CHANGE YEARS © 2008 Marc Prensky Technology 1 billion times more powerful Machines more powerful than the human brain Implanted / wearable Real-time environments Handheld computers with Power of todays super-c Mobile phone wallets

120 © 2008 Marc Prensky We have to integrate the future into our curriculum!

121 Nanotechnology Bioethics Programming Genomics Proteomics Biomimickry Todays Kids Need © 2008 Marc Prensky

122 For Logical Thinking: PROGRAMMING Integrated into all subjects

123 © 2008 Marc Prensky Kids need to learn HTML Cyber English:

124 © 2008 Marc Prensky Kids need to learn SIMULATION Cyber Math and Science

125 © 2008 Marc Prensky Kids need to Integrate GAMING Cyber Social Studies

126 © 2008 Marc Prensky Kids need to Use MULTIPLE LANGUAGE TEXTING Cyber World Languages

127 30 years from now, our students will laugh (or cry) at the education we gave them in 2008 © 2008 Marc Prensky

128 The idea that we can give kids a set of meaningful information that will last is over © 2008 Marc Prensky

129 We need to teach skills that will be useful throughout life © 2008 Marc Prensky

130 We have to teach Our kids Twenty-first Century Skills! © 2008 Marc Prensky

131 21 st Century Skills 21 st Century Skills © 2008 Marc Prensky

132 21 st Century Skills 1. Knowing the right thing to do Behaving Ethically Critical Thinking Decision Making Problem Solving Judgment © 2008 Marc Prensky

133 21 st Century Skills 2. Getting it done Goal Setting Planning Self-Direction Self-Evaluation © 2008 Marc Prensky

134 21 st Century Skills 3. Doing it with others Communicating/Interacting: With individuals & groups (especially using technol.) Communicating/Interacting: With Machines (= Programming) Communicating/Interacting: With a World Audience © 2008 Marc Prensky

135 21 st Century Skills 4. Doing it creatively Creative thinking Designing Playing Finding your voice © 2008 Marc Prensky

136 21 st Century Skills 5. Constantly doing it better Being proactive Prudent risk-taking Thinking long-term Continually improving through learning © 2008 Marc Prensky

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138 For us to know what makes people effective, and NOT teach it to our kids IS CRIMINAL! © 2008 Marc Prensky

139 How do I do all that in this era of Standards and Assessments ?????

140 © 2008 Marc Prensky We have to find a way!

141 © 2008 Marc Prensky One good approach: Curriculum Deletion

142 © 2008 Marc Prensky Right now we are full You cant add something about the future unless you delete something from the past

143 © 2008 Marc Prensky Deletion Candidates?

144 © 2008 Marc Prensky WHY ELSE are our kids SO BORED in school?

145 2. Were not teaching them the right way © 2008 Marc Prensky

146 ALSO TRUE!

147 © 2008 Marc Prensky Metaphor

148 Kids used to grow Up in the dark © 2008 Marc Prensky

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154 We were the people © 2008 Marc Prensky Who Showed Students The Light

155 © 2008 Marc Prensky Todays kids Grow up in the light

156 © 2008 Marc Prensky SCHOOL

157 © 2008 Marc Prensky

158 We want to be the people © 2008 Marc Prensky who Show Students the Light

159 The danger is that… © 2008 Marc Prensky

160 With the very best of intentions, © 2008 Marc Prensky

161 We pull students out of the light into darkness!

162 CAN WE TURN ON THE LIGHTS ??? © 2008 Marc Prensky

163 For the first time,

164 © 2008 Marc Prensky our schools

165 © 2008 Marc Prensky Have some serious competition

166 The kind of learning we want… © 2008 Marc Prensky

167 …where students learn in new ways… © 2008 Marc Prensky

168 …where theyre highly motivated to learn, both on their own and with their peers… © 2008 Marc Prensky

169 …is already happening. © 2008 Marc Prensky

170 Outside of school… © 2008 Marc Prensky

171 …without us! © 2008 Marc Prensky

172 After School (21 st century learning) Future Learning Stuff they Know they Need PULLED BY THEM = Exciting Todays Education is Bifurcating Quickly School (Credentials) Legacy Stuff Stuff that is Irrelevant PUSHED ON THEM = Boring

173 We decided to bypass the schools. – Deborah Schwartz, MOMA © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

174 Avoid the schools! – Dr. James Rosser © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

175 The greatest opportunity for change is currently found in after-school programs and informal learning communities. – MacArthur White Paper © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

176 CAN SCHOOL COMPETE? © 2008 Marc Prensky

177 CAN WE TURN ON THE LIGHTS ??? © 2008 Marc Prensky

178 Or is it only THE DARK SIDE keeping us alive? © 2008 Marc Prensky

179 The DARK SIDE of school

180 © 2008 Marc Prensky After School, the kids have already found a better way to learn

181 A New Paradigm For Learning A New Paradigm For Learning © 2008 Marc Prensky

182 Old Paradigm Old Paradigm Kids being taught New Paradigm New Paradigm Kids teaching themselves (with guidance) BOREDOM ENGAGEMENT

183 © 2008 Marc Prensky Question-led learning Problem-based learning Case-based learning Student-centered learning Progressive education Its not REALLY New

184 Lecturing to and controlling students © 2008 Marc Prensky Partnering with students as they learn on their own But its new For a lot of our teachers

185 © 2008 Marc Prensky We know this is the right way to go, because…

186 © 2008 Marc Prensky 1. The kids tell us

187 © 2008 Marc Prensky 2. The successful schools tell us

188 © 2008 Marc Prensky 3. The successful teachers tell us

189 Whats the role of TECHNOLOGY? © 2008 Marc Prensky

190 Some think technology is the answer to getting engagement © 2008 Marc Prensky

191 But just because its TECHNOLOGY Doesnt make something ENGAGING © 2008 Marc Prensky

192 A lot of teachers think they make a PowerPoint and theyre so awesome! -- a (female) high school junior

193 © 2008 Marc Prensky …But its just like writing on the blackboard. -- a (female) high school junior

194 Technologys ONLY role IS TO SUPPORT THE NEW PARADIGM Technologys ONLY role IS TO SUPPORT THE NEW PARADIGM © 2008 Marc Prensky

195 Technology DOES NOT and CANNOT support the way we currently teach Technology DOES NOT and CANNOT support the way we currently teach

196 IN FACT, Until teachers move from the old telling paradigm to the new kids teaching themselves with our guidance paradigm… © 2008 Marc Prensky

197 Technology actually HINDERS engagement and learning © 2008 Marc Prensky

198 Seeing No Progress, Some Schools Drop Laptops So the Liverpool Central School District, just outside Syracuse, has decided to phase out laptops starting this fall, joining a handful of other schools around the country that adopted one-to-one computing programs and are now abandoning them as educationally empty and worse. LIVERPOOL, N.Y. The students at Liverpool High have used their school-issued laptops to exchange answers on tests, download pornography and hack into local businesses. When the school tightened its network security, a 10th grader not only found a way around it but also posted step-by-step instructions on the Web for others to follow (which they did). … May 4, 2007 © 2008 Marc Prensky

199 Let Students do what they do well Use the technology Find content Create To teach todays students successfully, we must SHARE THE WORK Let Teachers do what they do well Evaluate the work Provide context Find quality

200 So we are going to have to © 2008 Marc Prensky the way we teach our kids…

201 BEFORE technology can help us © 2008 Marc Prensky

202 In the old telling paradigm, technology gets in the way But in the new paradigm technology sets the kids (and us) free! © 2008 Marc Prensky

203 Sped-up video Picture Search IM/texting Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Phone polling My Space Handhelds P2P Complex Games Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Augmented Reality Phone cameras Phone videos GPS You Tube Games & Simulations Yes, we need to be using the latest tools

204 © 2008 Marc Prensky But only In the right way i.e. in support of the New Paradigm

205 © 2008 Marc Prensky Old Paradigm Old Paradigm Kids being taught New Paradigm New Paradigm Kids teaching themselves (with guidance) BOREDOMENGAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY DOESNT HELP TECHNOLOGY REQUIRED

206 Step 2: Let kids use the technology to take off! © 2008 Marc Prensky Step 1: Change the Paradigm of how we teach

207 © 2008 Marc Prensky Does this mean everything I have done for the past x years Is meaningless?

208 © 2008 Marc Prensky No, But the old ways are useless for going forward!

209 © 2008 Marc Prensky Theres so much separation between how students think and how teachers think -- a (female) high school junior

210 One size fits all Doing & Gameplay Digital Natives Digital Natives learn from © 2008 Marc Prensky Digital Immigrants Digital Immigrants teach by One Thing at a Time Linear Stories Presenting & Telling Multi-tasking Lots of Choices Random Access & Exploring Options Delivering contentBeing Engaged Face-to-faceGoing Online Going relatively slowlyGoing really quickly

211 © 2008 Marc Prensky We cant just stand up there any more and tell!

212 The Five Stages of Teachers and The New Paradigm © 2008 Marc Prensky

213 1. Hiding

214 © 2008 Marc Prensky 2. Panic

215 © 2008 Marc Prensky 3. Acceptance

216 © 2008 Marc Prensky 4. Comfort

217 5. Power © 2008 Marc Prensky

218 HOW should teachers use technology in the new paradigm?

219 © 2008 Marc Prensky The Prensky Apostacy

220 © 2008 Marc Prensky Its important that teachers DONT WASTE THEIR TIME Learning to Create With New Tools,

221 © 2008 Marc Prensky because…

222 © 2008 Marc Prensky The students can do that! (and they want to)

223 Dont try to keep up with the technology -- you cant – A 14 year old girl © 2008 Marc Prensky

224 Youll only look stupid. – A 14 year old girl © 2008 Marc Prensky

225 How our kids see teachers When they use technology

226 Solution Phone-based cameras Contains some incorrect information Used as only source Wikipedia © 2008 Marc Prensky IM Problem How We Generally Do Use New Tools BAN IT Distraction in class Used to get test answers Used inappropriately BAN IT

227 Search vs. Research Fair Use vs. Plagiarism EvaluateTeach Design a Wikipedia Entry for… Wikipedia © 2006 Marc Prensky Assign Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity How We Should Use New Tools

228 Search vs. Research Fair Use vs. Plagiarism EvaluateTeach Phone-based cameras Pictures vs. Words Appropriate vs. In- appropriate Truth vs. Manipulation Design a Wikipedia Entry for… Take and Photoshop To best Illustrate… Wikipedia © 2008 Marc Prensky IM Informal vs. Formal Language Design a Class using only IM Assign Communication Journalism Use of MM Creativity Usefulness Breadth Depth Originality Communication Originality Artistry Technique How Teachers Should Use New Tools

229 When it comes to technology… © 2008 Marc Prensky

230 WE HUGELY UNDERESTIMATE WHAT OUR STUDENTS CAN DO! © 2008 Marc Prensky

231 © 2008 Marc Prensky

232 WHY do we underestimate? © 2008 Marc Prensky

233 Because we actually DISRESPECT the kids! © 2008 Marc Prensky

234 Although few of us are even aware of it

235 © 2008 Marc Prensky Most of us DISRESPECT our students in a number of important ways

236 © 2008 Marc Prensky Especially vis-à-vis their use of technology

237 © 2008 Marc Prensky We say (or think) things like

238 My students have the attention span of a gnat. © 2008 Marc Prensky

239 Todays kids cant concentrate. © 2008 Marc Prensky

240 Your games are a waste of your time money and brain cells. – A parent © 2008 Marc Prensky

241 These things are just NOT TRUE!

242 © 2008 Marc Prensky Thinking and talking disrespectfully really hurts our students…

243 © 2008 Marc Prensky …who want and deserve our respect.

244 © 2008 Marc Prensky As a result of our disrespect, what happens?

245 © 2008 Marc Prensky Our students DISRESPECT their educators

246 © 2008 Marc Prensky Since they know technology is the new literacy

247 © 2008 Marc Prensky They see most of their teachers as ILLITERATE

248 © 2008 Marc Prensky..and they dont bother listening!

249 © 2005 Marc Prensky

250 © 2008 Marc Prensky Our goal needs to be

251 © 2008 Marc Prensky How Do We Get RESPECT For each other?

252 © 2008 Marc Prensky We Are All Learners We Are All Teachers We Are All Learners We Are All Teachers 1.We must accept that

253 Involve Our Students in everything we do Involve Our Students in everything we do 2. We must

254 © 2008 Marc Prensky 3. We must Give our students ONLY work worth respecting! Give our students ONLY work worth respecting!

255 NO LECTURES! – Students everywhere © 2008 Marc Prensky

256 NO WORKSHEETS! – Students everywhere © 2008 Marc Prensky

257 It was a worksheet on a computer – thats not really technology to us. – A student © 2008 Marc Prensky

258 4. We must respect what the kids find valuable… And especially respect their games! And especially respect their games!

259 Todays complex games produce LEARNING WITH ENGAGEMENT © 2008 Marc Prensky

260 And we should STUDY THEM and Extract the Engaging Elements © 2008 Marc Prensky

261 Following their RULES OF ENGAGEMENT in all our Teaching © 2008 Marc Prensky

262 Complex hours NOT TRIVIAL Todays Games: Complexity Matters Mini 5 min- 2 hours TRIVIAL Or, at best, One-Noted Complex Games take the same amount of time as a course ( hours)

263 © 2008 Marc Prensky

264 H ave B e a H ero G oals A dd F requent D ecision M aking D ont S uck T he F un O ut P rovide a S trong E motional C onnection B alance C ooperation & C ompetition P ersonalize I terate © 2008 Marc Prensky 7 Rules of Game Engagement (from complex games)

265 Help Your Friends Build/Create Be a Hero Game Goals Game Goals School Goals School Goals Understand Get Good Grade /Pass test Learn the material © 2008 Marc Prensky Have Be a Hero Goals

266 © 2008 Marc Prensky Decisions Are How We Learn Decision Action Feedback Reflection LEARNING LOOP

267 Help you reach goals Immediate Feedback Every ½ sec Game Decisions Game Decisions School Decisions School Decisions Mostly on tests Almost never No immediate feedback © 2008 Marc Prensky Add Frequent Decision Making

268 DimensionM © 2008 Marc Prensky Math - Algebra

269 Waste of Space © 2008 Marc Prensky Science – Space Physics

270 The Grammar of Doom © 2008 Marc Prensky English - Grammar

271 Darfur is Dying Social Studies © 2008 Marc Prensky

272 Food Force Social Studies © 2008 Marc Prensky

273 PeaceMaker © 2008 Marc Prensky Social Studies

274 Business: Basic Concepts Disneys Hot Shot Business disney.go.com/hotshot/index.html © 2008 Marc Prensky

275 ECON 201 Microeconomics web.uncg.edu/dcl/econ201/trailer.html © 2008 Marc Prensky

276 MORE ENGAGEMENT KEYS MORE ENGAGEMENT KEYS © 2008 Marc Prensky

277 Todays students also get Engaged through 1.Creating things they want to make 2.Voicing their opinions 3.Interacting with and affecting the world

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279 © 2008 Marc Prensky Todays kids understand the power of technology to help them learn…

280 © 2008 Marc Prensky Because they can make it do what they need

281 Whats different about the new technology is that it is programmable. – Alan Kay © 2008 Marc Prensky

282 PROGRAMMING Is making a machine do what YOU want

283 © 2008 Marc Prensky The kids know they are the ones who can program

284 © 2008 Marc Prensky

285 The kids know Programming is the Key Tool and Literacy of the 21st Century © 2008 Marc Prensky

286 What needs programming? Our communication The Web Cell phones Answering systems Interactive video Our jobs Problem solving Personal computers Business systems

287 © 2008 Marc Prensky What needs programming? Our schools Administration Sharing Instruction Our government Legislation Security Enforcement Communication

288 © 2008 Marc Prensky What needs programming? Our homes Thermostat Alarm Appliances Stereo DVD / Home theater Our cars Cabin Engine

289 © 2008 Marc Prensky What needs programming? Our Tools Blogs Wikis RSS My Space Games Multimedia Our recreation iPod / Tivo / Interactive TV Games Vehicles

290 © 2008 Marc Prensky What needs programming? Our Curriculum Math – Problem solving Science – Testing hypotheses Languages – Dictionaries / guides Social Studies – Simulations English – Research, analysis

291 Things Requiring Programming © 2008 Marc Prensky

292 What WE Dont yet know © 2008 Marc Prensky

293 Is how to help our kids learn to PROGRAM In more and more sophisticated ways © 2008 Marc Prensky

294 What if we dont? © 2008 Marc Prensky

295 (now hiring)

296 There is really only ONE WAY to turn on the lights for our kids © 2008 Marc Prensky

297 Make ENGAGEMENT OUR #1 GOAL Make ENGAGEMENT OUR #1 GOAL © 2008 Marc Prensky

298 We have to Involve Our Students in everything we do for them © 2008 Marc Prensky

299 3D PRINTER © 2008 Marc Prensky

300

301 TO IMPROVE our students Education… © 2006 Marc Prensky

302 We have to Involve Our Students in everything we do for them © 2008 Marc Prensky

303 Get our students seriously involved in redesigning their own education Get our students seriously involved in redesigning their own education © 2008 Marc Prensky

304 Top Down

305 © 2008 Marc Prensky You WILL Learn!

306 © 2008 Marc Prensky Top Down

307 © 2008 Marc Prensky In the 21 st century Learning cant be dropped on kids They have to WANT To learn

308 © 2008 Marc Prensky We can no longer just TELL students what is right/best In the 21 st century We also have to ASK!

309 © 2008 Marc Prensky We can no longer just hand students content In the 21 st century They have to find it WORTHWHILE!

310 © 2008 Marc Prensky We can no longer just hand students content In the 21 st century They have to help design it!

311 Bottoms Up! © 2008 Marc Prensky

312 Tell me where you want me to go, and let me get there

313 © 2008 Marc Prensky Ask me what I need

314 © 2008 Marc Prensky And ask what I can contribute

315 © 2008 Marc Prensky Ask my opinion!

316 BALANCE © 2008 Marc Prensky Bottoms Up Top Down

317 The issue is NOT that educators dont know about engagement © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky

318 The issue is that Engagement is changing © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky

319 Engagement is NO LONGER Something we can do TO students

320 © 2008 Marc Prensky with Today, we have to In order to engage them in learning

321 Talk with them © 2008 Marc Prensky Engaging With Students

322 Hold School/Class Meetings © 2008 Marc Prensky Engaging With Students

323 Ask them about technologies that relate to what they are learning © 2008 Marc Prensky Engaging With Students

324 © 2008 Marc Prensky Why dont we do better?

325 © 2008 Marc Prensky Because we Dont ask!

326

327 © 2008 Marc Prensky

328 Are we afraid To ask?

329 Am I boring you? © 2003 Marc Prensky© 2008 Marc Prensky

330 We cant be afraid to ask our students!

331 © 2008 Marc Prensky Take their Temperature –every day!

332 © 2008 Marc Prensky They expect real work that truly affects the world Todays Students expect MORE than just relevance

333 We want… to change the world. – A 7 th grader © 2008 Marc Prensky

334 Authentic = REAL

335 A Big Missed Opportunity For Engagement? © 2008 Marc Prensky

336 … in their pocket! Almost EVERY student already has a powerful computer… © 2008 Marc Prensky

337 We should be USING them! © 2008 Marc Prensky

338 Cell Phones Are Powerful Computers Inexpensive Always in their pocket Optimized for Communication Full of Useful Add-ons e.g. Cameras, GPS, internet Easy to download to Attachable to External input/output © 2008 Marc Prensky Missing? Imagination!

339 Skills. Languages. Poetry. Literature. Public Speaking. Writing. Storytelling. History. © 2003 Marc Prensky © 2008 Marc Prensky Surveys. Polls. Match-ups. Testing. Communication. Blogging. …and even Assessment! Students Could Be Using Their Cell Phones for Learning: and Doing:

340 © 2008 Marc Prensky Question

341 Evaluate Kids with their tools! © 2008 Marc Prensky

342 Open Phone Tests!! © 2008 Marc Prensky

343 You can ask harder questions – A Teacher © 2008 Marc Prensky

344 Most of our tests ARE open phone tests – you guys just dont know it! – A Student © 2008 Marc Prensky

345 How could we integrate cell phones into our teaching? © 2008 Marc Prensky

346 The ONLY WAY we will get where we want to © 2008 Marc Prensky

347 Is to let the students help © 2008 Marc Prensky

348 By listening to them! © 2008 Marc Prensky

349 Talk to us – we love to give advice. -- Students all over © 2008 Marc Prensky

350 [The Millennials] call the shots. Anyone who bores them will be getting blocked, zapped and tuned out for years to come. – Business Week, July 12, 2006

351 Were not stupid. -- Students all over © 2008 Marc Prensky

352 Summary: Todays kids love Doing Sharing their ideas and opinions Being involved with the world Being asked Having choices Creating Things that are important to them Having Goals they want to reach Making important decisions Thinking about the future Using technology themselves

353 © 2008 Marc Prensky To get my __ th grade class to learn ___________ In the old paradigm PAST, I would do this: _____________________________________________ In the new paradigm FUTURE, I will do this: _____________________________________________ and this and this… (see next)

354 © 2008 Marc Prensky Todays kids love Doing, so I will: Sharing their ideas and opinions, so I will: Being involved with the world, so I will: Being Asked, so I will: Having Choices, so I will: Creating Things that are important to them, so I will: Having Goals they want to reach, so I will: Making important decisions, so I will Thinking about the future, so I will: Using technology themselves, so I will:

355 © 2006 Marc Prensky our

356 © 2006 Marc Prensky Todays Young Learners love to Share…

357 © 2006 Marc Prensky …but todays adults dont!

358 © 2006 Marc Prensky Knowledge is Power Keep Good Information to Yourself Digital Immigrants Sharing is Power Be the first to post it Digital Natives

359 © 2006 Marc Prensky Many teachers are doing Great Things!

360 © 2006 Marc Prensky but…

361 © 2006 Marc Prensky from being used by only One Person, In One School So Much GOES TO WASTE

362 © 2006 Marc Prensky If we could just capture, access and re-use work already done, we would be HALFWAY THERE

363 How? © 2006 Marc Prensky

364 Use the most powerful technology tool in the world © 2006 Marc Prensky

365

366 Put it on the Web !!!

367 © 2006 Marc Prensky Get your teachers to put their good stuff on You Tube so others can find it !!!

368 If your teachers dont know how to create a You Tube video and upload it to the Web Make sure they learn NOW! (let the kids teach them) © 2006 Marc Prensky

369 If You Tube is blocked In your school today, UNBLOCK IT TOMORROW! © 2006 Marc Prensky

370 Texting in Class

371 © 2008 Marc Prensky 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now

372 1. Make the passing of standardized exams a group/team process © 2008 Marc Prensky

373 2. Acknowledge publically that henceforth students will have a meaningful voice in setting all school policy. Hold frequent assemblies of all concerned to hear points of view and make policy. © 2008 Marc Prensky 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now

374 3. Set up only three rules for students in classrooms: 1.Always behave ethically and look for and try to do what is right 2.Do your best to learn at all times 3.Dont disturb anyone else in the process 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

375 4. Set up opportunities for students to tell / show teachers how theyd prefer to be taught 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

376 5. Make it your business to eliminate boredom from your school Poll students as to which of their teachers/ classes are engaging and boring and why. Investigate and take action. 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

377 6. Talk to 2-4 kids per day for at least a half hour about their learning. (If you feel you cant spare 1-2 hrs every day to work one-on-one with kids, re-think your priorities.) 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

378 7. Work with both students and teachers to implement the new kids learning on their own with guidance paradigm. Find the best examples and have the teachers share with their colleagues. 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

379 8. With the new paradigm, push for to 1 to 1 computing ASAP (Remember, technology does not work well in the old, lecture teaching paradigm.) 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

380 9. Orient your school towards the future. Offer classes in programming, game design, long distance collaboration 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

381 10. Have your teachers teach and practice the Seven Habits of Highly Effective People in all instruction 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

382 11. Make all in-service training include students 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

383 12. Keep the computer lab open till midnight and on weekends. (especially in places where technology access is an issue) 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

384 13. Introduce Dance, Dance Revolution and other exergames into your Physical Education classes. 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

385 14. Have students share your schools most effective ideas/results with the world via You Tube. 14 Things All Principals Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

386 Remember… © 2008 Marc Prensky

387 Your job… © 2008 Marc Prensky

388 And the role of technology… © 2008 Marc Prensky

389 Is to empower THE KIDS to learn © 2008 Marc Prensky

390

391 Dont © 2008 Marc Prensky

392 In the name of Standards or anything else © 2008 Marc Prensky

393 Deny your kids their birthright and future! © 2008 Marc Prensky

394 Theyre our kids © 2008 Marc Prensky

395 We owe them the best! © 2008 Marc Prensky

396 And Im sure we can all find THE COURAGE © 2008 Marc Prensky

397 to do whats right for them © 2008 Marc Prensky

398 so… © 2008 Marc Prensky

399 Thank You – For supporting the kids! © 2008 Marc Prensky

400 Get the slides! Get the slides! web sites:

401 Appendix © 2008 Marc Prensky

402 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

403 1. Find two technology buddies who know more than you: 1 teacher, 1 student © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

404 2. Hold a Class Meeting to talk with students about how they want to be taught © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

405 3. Ask students for technologies that could relate to what you are teaching © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

406 4. Appoint a different student as your teaching assistant for each week of the year © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

407 5. Teach one or more lessons with NO lecturing and NO worksheets © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

408 6. Make it your personal goal to eliminate boredom from your classroom © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

409 7. Take your classes temperature (e.g. Ask Am I boring you?) several times a class © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

410 8. Get something unblocked © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

411 9. Assign homework where the kids have the option to work with their favorite technologies 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days © 2008 Marc Prensky

412 10. Have your students create an entry in the Wikipedia a class blog a class Facebook (or equivalent) © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

413 11. Decide what topics You WONT cover in class, and replace some with future stuff © 2008 Marc Prensky 19Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

414 12. Hold a teacher meeting in a virtual world, e.g. Second Life TuneTown World of Warcraft Whyville Club Penguin (and eventually meet students) © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

415 13. Do a class project around the future (e.g. using sci-fi) that the students suggest © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

416 14. Have your students install and populate an RSS aggregator in your classroom © 2008 Marc Prensky 19Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

417 15. Ask Who plays a game that has to do with what we are studying? © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

418 16. Figure out (with your students) a way to integrate that game into your teaching © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

419 17. Integrate the seven habits of highly effective people into your instruction © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

420 18. Give a meaningful Open-phone test © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

421 19. Have your students help share your most effective ideas/results with the world via You Tube. © 2008 Marc Prensky 19 Things for TEACHERS To Try In The Next 30 Days

422 © 2008 Marc Prensky 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now

423 1. Acknowledge publically that henceforth students will have a meaningful voice in setting all school policy in your district © 2008 Marc Prensky

424 2. Make it your job to eliminate boredom from your district (i.e. make 100 percent engagement the goal) 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

425 3. Make the passing of standard exams a group/team process 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

426 4. Talk to 2-4 kids per day for at least a half hour about their learning 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

427 5. Figure out how to compete with after school 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

428 6. Set up district-wide opportunities for students to tell / show educators what they can do and how theyd prefer to be taught 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

429 7. Work with principals and teachers to implement the new kids learning on their own with guidance paradigm in all teaching 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

430 8. That done, get One-to-One computers for all students ASAP 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

431 9. Orient your district towards the future 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

432 10. Un-ban Everything Including cell phones and You Tube (figure out how to get responsible use) 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

433 11. Teach the 21 st century skill set in your district 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

434 12. Be the advocate of the students, not the scores! 12 Things All Superintendents Can Do Right Now © 2008 Marc Prensky

435 T h a n k Y o u !


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