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Immediate Enrollment Under McKinney- Vento: Keeping Students Safe …Through it all, school is probably the only thing that has kept me going. I know that.

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Presentation on theme: "Immediate Enrollment Under McKinney- Vento: Keeping Students Safe …Through it all, school is probably the only thing that has kept me going. I know that."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immediate Enrollment Under McKinney- Vento: Keeping Students Safe …Through it all, school is probably the only thing that has kept me going. I know that every day that I walk in those doors, I can stop thinking about my problems for the next six hours and concentrate on what is most important to me. Without the support of my school system, I would not be as well off as I am today. School keeps me motivated to move on, and encourages me to find a better life for myself. Carrie Arnold, LeTendre Scholar, 2002

2 National Center for Homeless Education Our Agenda Today Schools can play a pivotal role in supporting the safety of children and youth experiencing homelessness, including runaway youth, youth who have been put out of their homes, abducted children and survivors of domestic violence.Schools can play a pivotal role in supporting the safety of children and youth experiencing homelessness, including runaway youth, youth who have been put out of their homes, abducted children and survivors of domestic violence. This presentation will give an overview of homelessness, McKinney-Vento, and how we can make our school district a safe place.This presentation will give an overview of homelessness, McKinney-Vento, and how we can make our school district a safe place.

3 National Center for Homeless Education Warm-Up Activity Work with your colleagues to complete a monthly budget. Left side of the room: budget for a 2- parent household with 2 school-aged children and 1 preschooler Right side of the room: budget for a single- parent household with 2 school-aged children Try to cut costs as much as possible, while being realistic.

4 National Center for Homeless Education Warm-Up Activity (cont.) What did you find? How would your hypothetical family survive a serious illness, loss of job, car trouble, or any unexpected bill? How could your hypothetical family save money to buy a home or have a cushion for unexpected expenses?

5 National Center for Homeless Education How many children and youth experience homelessness? Over 1.35 million children nationallyOver 1.35 million children nationally # enrolled in school in our state/district# enrolled in school in our state/district (roughly X% (insert #) of all children and youth in state/district) 10% of all children living in poverty10% of all children living in poverty Over 40% of all childrenOver 40% of all children who are homeless are under the age of 5

6 National Center for Homeless Education Causes of Homelessness Lack of affordable housingLack of affordable housing Severe povertySevere poverty Health problemsHealth problems Loss of jobLoss of job Domestic violenceDomestic violence Natural and other disastersNatural and other disasters Abuse/neglect (unaccompanied youth)Abuse/neglect (unaccompanied youth)

7 National Center for Homeless Education Unaccompanied Youth-- Who Are They? Definition: a McKinney-Vento child or youth who is not in the physical custody of a parent or guardianDefinition: a McKinney-Vento child or youth who is not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian Studies have found that 20-50% of unaccompanied youth were sexually abused in their homes; 40-60% were physically abusedStudies have found that 20-50% of unaccompanied youth were sexually abused in their homes; 40-60% were physically abused Only about half of homeless youth are considered to have a chance of family reconciliationOnly about half of homeless youth are considered to have a chance of family reconciliation

8 National Center for Homeless Education Unaccompanied Youth-- Who Are They? (cont.) 20-40% of youth in homeless situations identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender (compared to 3-5% of adult population)20-40% of youth in homeless situations identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender (compared to 3-5% of adult population) Homeless youth are six times more likely to be in foster careHomeless youth are six times more likely to be in foster care 25-40% of youth who emancipate from foster care will end up homeless25-40% of youth who emancipate from foster care will end up homeless

9 National Center for Homeless Education McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act Reauthorized 2002 by NCLB (Title X, Part C)Reauthorized 2002 by NCLB (Title X, Part C) Main themes:Main themes: School stabilitySchool stability School accessSchool access Support for academic successSupport for academic success Child-centered, best interest decision makingChild-centered, best interest decision making

10 National Center for Homeless Education Eligibility Who is Covered? Children who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residenceChildren who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence Sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reasonSharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reason Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds due to lack of adequate alternative accommodationsLiving in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds due to lack of adequate alternative accommodations Living in emergency or transitional sheltersLiving in emergency or transitional shelters

11 National Center for Homeless Education Awaiting foster care placementAwaiting foster care placement Living in a public or private place not designed for humans to liveLiving in a public or private place not designed for humans to live Living in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settingsLiving in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings Migratory children living in aboveMigratory children living in abovecircumstances Eligibility Who is Covered? (cont.)

12 National Center for Homeless Education Local Homeless Education Liaisons Every LEA must designate a liaison for students in homeless situationsEvery LEA must designate a liaison for students in homeless situations ResponsibilitiesResponsibilities Ensure that children and youth in homeless situations are identified and enrolled in school, and have full opportunity to succeed in schoolEnsure that children and youth in homeless situations are identified and enrolled in school, and have full opportunity to succeed in school Link with educational services, including preschool and health servicesLink with educational services, including preschool and health services Inform parents, guardians and youth of education, transportation and parent involvement opportunitiesInform parents, guardians and youth of education, transportation and parent involvement opportunities Post public notice of educational rightsPost public notice of educational rights Resolve disputesResolve disputes

13 National Center for Homeless Education McKinney-Vento Act Key Provisions Immediate enrollment without documents: attending classes and participating fully in schoolImmediate enrollment without documents: attending classes and participating fully in school School stability: staying in the school of origin for the duration of homelessness and to end of year when permanently housedSchool stability: staying in the school of origin for the duration of homelessness and to end of year when permanently housed Transportation to the school of originTransportation to the school of origin Eliminating barriers: to enrollment and retentionEliminating barriers: to enrollment and retention

14 National Center for Homeless Education McKinney-Vento Act Key Provisions Unaccompanied youth: immediate enrollment without legal guardian; liaison supportUnaccompanied youth: immediate enrollment without legal guardian; liaison support Preschoolers: connect with Head Start and other pre-K programsPreschoolers: connect with Head Start and other pre-K programs No discrimination: access to needed services and integrationNo discrimination: access to needed services and integration Title I: automatic eligibility and reservation of fundsTitle I: automatic eligibility and reservation of funds Dispute resolution: immediate enrollment; written notice; referral to liaisonDispute resolution: immediate enrollment; written notice; referral to liaison

15 National Center for Homeless Education Safety Issues Survivors of domestic violence: 20% of violent crime against women is committed by an intimate partnerSurvivors of domestic violence: 20% of violent crime against women is committed by an intimate partner Unaccompanied youth: many parents are abusive, neglectful, or unable/unwilling to parent their childrenUnaccompanied youth: many parents are abusive, neglectful, or unable/unwilling to parent their children Possibility of child abductionPossibility of child abduction You can play a pivotal role in keeping children and youth safe!You can play a pivotal role in keeping children and youth safe!

16 National Center for Homeless Education Enroll children and youth experiencing homelessness immediately, as required by the McKinney-Vento Act. School is the safest place for children who are in danger!Enroll children and youth experiencing homelessness immediately, as required by the McKinney-Vento Act. School is the safest place for children who are in danger! Talk with parents, students and the previous school about potential dangers, and develop a safety plan together.Talk with parents, students and the previous school about potential dangers, and develop a safety plan together. Talk to runaway youth about their home situation with care and sensitivity. Understand that youth may hesitate to admit that home is an unhealthy or dangerous environment for them.Talk to runaway youth about their home situation with care and sensitivity. Understand that youth may hesitate to admit that home is an unhealthy or dangerous environment for them. Safety Strategies-- Enrollment

17 National Center for Homeless Education Refer unaccompanied youth and domestic violence survivors to counseling resources, including school counselors and social workers.Refer unaccompanied youth and domestic violence survivors to counseling resources, including school counselors and social workers. Provide a safe place and trained mentor at school for unaccompanied youth to access as needed.Provide a safe place and trained mentor at school for unaccompanied youth to access as needed. Safety Strategies-- Support

18 National Center for Homeless Education Never share any information about a student with anyone who cannot prove they have the legal right to receive it.Never share any information about a student with anyone who cannot prove they have the legal right to receive it. Make everyone requesting any information about a student complete and sign an information request form, and maintain a record of all requests.Make everyone requesting any information about a student complete and sign an information request form, and maintain a record of all requests. Always check the database and paper records to see if there is a protective order or other restriction to access to school records and information.Always check the database and paper records to see if there is a protective order or other restriction to access to school records and information. Safety Strategies-- Privacy

19 National Center for Homeless Education Transfer school records through the State Coordinators Office if necessary to restrict information about where a student has enrolled in school.Transfer school records through the State Coordinators Office if necessary to restrict information about where a student has enrolled in school. If you suspect a child has been abducted or reported missing, contact the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (www.missingkids.com; THE-LOST).If you suspect a child has been abducted or reported missing, contact the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (www.missingkids.com; THE-LOST). Safety Strategies-- Get Help

20 National Center for Homeless Education Group Activity Mrs. Williams arrives at school to enroll her daughter, Sandra. Mrs. Williams seems nervous and refuses to answer some of the enrollment questions. She says she does not have a permanent address right now. She also asks if the school has a security guard. Sandra just sits quietly with her mother.

21 National Center for Homeless Education Group Activity Would you enroll Sandra? How would you handle the practicalities, like entering her in the database and requesting records? What questions might you ask Mrs. Williams to learn about her situation and Sandras needs? To whom might you refer Sandra? To whom might you refer Mrs. Williams?

22 National Center for Homeless Education Local Resources Liaison Name and Contact Info State Coordinator Name and Contact Info Other local resources (helpful websites, preschools, youth programs, shelters, housing, medical clinics, nonprofits, etc.)

23 National Center for Homeless Education National Resources National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth National Center on Homeless Education National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty National Network for Youth

24 National Center for Homeless Education If you take only one thing with you… Enroll children and youth experiencing homelessness immediately! If you turn away a child or youth, you may be sending them into a dangerous situation and breaking the law.


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