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State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Video-Teleconference February 28, 2008 prepared by: State Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee and the.

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Presentation on theme: "State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Video-Teleconference February 28, 2008 prepared by: State Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee and the."— Presentation transcript:

1 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Video-Teleconference February 28, 2008 prepared by: State Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee and the Governors Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness

2 Presentation Outline Video-Teleconference Procedures Video-Teleconference Procedures Hazard Mitigation Planning Hazard Mitigation Planning State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Next Steps Next Steps Comments and Questions Comments and Questions

3 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Mitigation Planning

4 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is Hazard Mitigation? Any measures undertaken to reduce the risks posed by natural and/or manmade hazards on a place and its population.

5 Hazard mitigation measures can include structural projects like levees, dams, or building safe rooms… State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is Hazard Mitigation?

6 … non-structural projects like acquisition, elevation, retrofit of buildings, or vegetation management… State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is Hazard Mitigation?

7 …regulatory practices like enacting or enforcing building codes, permits, or land use policies… State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is Hazard Mitigation?

8 …training and educational programs for communities and State agencies… State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is Hazard Mitigation?

9 Hazard Mitigation Plan : Hazard Mitigation Plan : A plan to reduce a communitys risk and exposure to disasters … which is different from an … Emergency Operations Plan (EOP): Emergency Operations Plan (EOP): A plan to guide a communitys response to an emergency or disaster State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is a Hazard Mitigation Plan?

10 A Hazard Mitigation Plan is typically written before hazard events occur (pre-disaster) A Hazard Mitigation Plan is typically written before hazard events occur (pre-disaster) Hazard mitigation projects can be implemented either before or after a disaster (pre-disaster or post- disaster). Hazard mitigation projects can be implemented either before or after a disaster (pre-disaster or post- disaster). State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update What is a Hazard Mitigation Plan?

11 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why do We Need a Plan?

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13 In the last 10 years, there have been 16 Presidential Disaster Declarations for natural hazards in Louisiana. In the last 10 years, there have been 16 Presidential Disaster Declarations for natural hazards in Louisiana. The total federal assistance paid for these disasters is over $26 billion. The total federal assistance paid for these disasters is over $26 billion. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why do We Need a Plan?

14 The actual damages far outstrip federal assistance – the costs of Katrina and Rita alone are estimated between $90 and $140 billion. The actual damages far outstrip federal assistance – the costs of Katrina and Rita alone are estimated between $90 and $140 billion. And then there is the human cost – nearly 1500 deaths, and nearly 200,000 people still displaced And then there is the human cost – nearly 1500 deaths, and nearly 200,000 people still displaced State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why do We Need a Plan?

15 75% of Louisianas natural disaster declarations in the past decade involved flooding. 75% of Louisianas natural disaster declarations in the past decade involved flooding. Louisiana has more repetitively flooded properties than any other state – double the next-highest state. Louisiana has more repetitively flooded properties than any other state – double the next-highest state. Louisiana is also prone to damaging high winds, ice storms, HAZMAT releases, and other hazards. Louisiana is also prone to damaging high winds, ice storms, HAZMAT releases, and other hazards. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why do We Need a Plan?

16 The Plan satisfies requirements of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000), keeping Louisiana eligible for millions of dollars of pre- and post-disaster grants. The Plan satisfies requirements of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000), keeping Louisiana eligible for millions of dollars of pre- and post-disaster grants. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why is the Plan Important?

17 Between , Louisiana received more than $40 million from the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP); it received nearly $170M in HMGP after Katrina and Rita Between , Louisiana received more than $40 million from the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP); it received nearly $170M in HMGP after Katrina and Rita The State is also competitive for Pre- Disaster Mitigation (PDM) and Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) grants, winning nearly $8 million since The State is also competitive for Pre- Disaster Mitigation (PDM) and Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) grants, winning nearly $8 million since State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why is the Plan Important?

18 It helps focus attention on important issues for communities and State agencies It helps focus attention on important issues for communities and State agencies It leads to better partnerships between the State and communities It leads to better partnerships between the State and communities It initiates realistic and meaningful steps to address the issues. It initiates realistic and meaningful steps to address the issues. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Why is the Plan Important?

19 Yes! …but DMA 2000 requires the Plan be updated every three years and the current plan expires in April Yes! …but DMA 2000 requires the Plan be updated every three years and the current plan expires in April Much of this 2008 Plan Update is similar to the 2005 Plan. Implementation of the 2005 Plan was constrained by disruption of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Dont we already have a Plan?

20 No! …it is closer to the beginning than the end. No! …it is closer to the beginning than the end. This presentation ends with Next Steps including how you can stay involved. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Is this the end of the process?

21 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update

22 There is a lot of jargon that is used to describe the planning process. This graphic shows the process recommended by FEMA. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update How was the Plan Developed?

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27 It all boils down to two basic questions: 1. What hazards present the greatest risk to the State and its citizens? 2. What are the most effective ways to reduce those risks? State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update How was the Plan Developed?

28 Introduction and process (Secs. 1-3 & Appxs. A-C, I-J) Introduction and process (Secs. 1-3 & Appxs. A-C, I-J) Identification of hazards from natural or manmade sources (Sec. 4 & Appx. D) Identification of hazards from natural or manmade sources (Sec. 4 & Appx. D) Assessment of risks to populations, property, economies (Secs. 5-6 & Appxs. E-F) Assessment of risks to populations, property, economies (Secs. 5-6 & Appxs. E-F) Assessment of state/local capability for hazard mitigation (Sec. 7 & Appxs. G, K) Assessment of state/local capability for hazard mitigation (Sec. 7 & Appxs. G, K) Action plans to reduce risk (Secs & Appx. H) Action plans to reduce risk (Secs & Appx. H) State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update How is the Plan Set Up?

29 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Identification

30 Natural Hazards considered included Drought Drought Earthquake Earthquake Flood Flood Hailstorm Hailstorm High Winds (Hurricane) High Winds (Hurricane) High Winds (Tornado) High Winds (Tornado) Ice Storms Ice Storms Lightning Lightning Severe Heat/Cold Severe Heat/Cold Storm Surge Storm Surge Subsidence Subsidence Wildfire Wildfire State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Identification

31 Manmade Hazards considered included: Dam Failure Dam Failure Levee Failure Levee Failure Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) Incidents Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) Incidents State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Identification

32 Hazard profiles help determine which hazards pose the greatest threat to Louisiana. Hazards like Floods affect specific areas. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Identification

33 Hazards like High Winds can affect the whole state, but the severity of the hazard declines from south to north. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Identification

34 Based on a review of hazard profiles, the hazards assessed in the Plan are: Flood Flood High Winds (Hurricane) High Winds (Hurricane) High Winds (Tornado) High Winds (Tornado) Ice Storms Ice Storms Storm Surge Storm Surge Subsidence Subsidence Wildfire Wildfire Dam Failure Dam Failure Levee Failure Levee Failure HAZMAT Incident HAZMAT Incident State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Hazard Identification

35 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

36 The Plan has two parallel Risk Assessment tracks: Statewide Risk Assessment (by Parish) – the State as a community Statewide Risk Assessment (by Parish) – the State as a community State-Owned Assets Risk Assessment – the State as a property owner State-Owned Assets Risk Assessment – the State as a property owner State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

37 Ideally, the Statewide RA would consider the effects of hazards on: Populations and specific demographics Populations and specific demographics Building stock: residential, commercial, and industrial Building stock: residential, commercial, and industrial Critical facilities: fire stations, police stations, EOCs, clinics, etc. Critical facilities: fire stations, police stations, EOCs, clinics, etc. Infrastructure: Highway bridges, railways, oil and gas pipelines Infrastructure: Highway bridges, railways, oil and gas pipelines State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

38 However, the process was limited by existing data. Hazard data is not consistent across geography and hazards Hazard data is not consistent across geography and hazards Facility and infrastructure data is not always consistent Facility and infrastructure data is not always consistent Post-2005 demographics remain unstable Post-2005 demographics remain unstable State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

39 Therefore, risk from different hazards were assessed in different ways: Some hazards (flood, ice storm, high winds, wildfire, HAZMAT release) were assessed using historical data Some hazards (flood, ice storm, high winds, wildfire, HAZMAT release) were assessed using historical data Others (storm surge, subsidence, dam and levee failure) were assessed based on estimations of future risk. Others (storm surge, subsidence, dam and levee failure) were assessed based on estimations of future risk. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

40 Flood risk, based on historical data including claims from the National Flood Insurance Program State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

41 Dam failure risk, based on estimating future risk to people in proximity to dams State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

42 Finally, the hazards were assessed relative to each other, generating a composite risk ranking by parish. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment RankParishScoreVulnerability 1 Jefferson145High 2 Orleans142High 3 Calcasieu128High 4 St. Bernard128High 5 Terrebonne126High 6 Lafourche124High 7 St. John the Baptist124High 8 St. Charles123High 9 Tammany119High 10 Plaquemines118High 11 Iberia115High 12 Vermilion114High 13 St. Mary112High 14 E. Baton Rouge111High 15 Livingston108High 16 Ouachita106High 17 Ascension105High 18 St. Martin104High 19 Tangipahoa103High

43 Additional analysis included in the Plan: Risk to mobile homes, key economic drivers, and critical infrastructure Risk to mobile homes, key economic drivers, and critical infrastructure Risk of secondary hazard events Risk of secondary hazard events Measuring exposure to hazards in different future development scenarios Measuring exposure to hazards in different future development scenarios Consistency of this Plan with local hazard mitigation plans Consistency of this Plan with local hazard mitigation plans State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

44 Observations and Conclusions: This assessment provides a basis for comparing effects of the natural and manmade hazards between parishes. This assessment provides a basis for comparing effects of the natural and manmade hazards between parishes. It also provides information to use in integrating these results with local mitigation planning efforts. It also provides information to use in integrating these results with local mitigation planning efforts. Ground-truthing or validation of the results is needed at the local level.Ground-truthing or validation of the results is needed at the local level. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Statewide Risk Assessment

45 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Risk Assessment for State-Owned Assets

46 The Risk Assessment for State-Owned Assets has two parts: 1. Assess relative importance orcriticality of facilities 2. Assess risk to facilities from different hazards, based upon estimated losses State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State-Owned Asset RA

47 Criticality level DescriptionNumber (2007) Highemergency services (emergency medical services, fire, police and EOCs) serving large population centers 1,173 Medium high Emergency services serving small/medium population centers; shelters serving large population centers 192 Mediumshelters serving small/medium populations; essential government services (public works departments, schools) serving large population centers 4,155 Medium low essential government services serving small/medium population centers; non-essential government service (museums, parks and recreation) serving large population centers 2,110 Lownon-essential government service serving small/medium population centers 374 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State-Owned Asset RA

48 State-owned critical facilities were mapped and ranked by criticality. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State-Owned Asset RA

49 This allowed potential impacts on State-owned assets to be compared, including the results for Flood… State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State-Owned Asset RA

50 … and High Winds. Additional hazards were analyzed for the risks they pose to state- owned facilities State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State-Owned Asset RA

51 Observations and Conclusions: Similar to the statewide results, the state-owned facilities assessment: Allows comparisons of effects, hazard by hazard; Allows comparisons of effects, hazard by hazard; Provides information to share with other agencies; Provides information to share with other agencies; Requires more detailed and ground- truthed information for further action. Requires more detailed and ground- truthed information for further action. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update State-Owned Asset RA

52 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Capability Assessment

53 The first step to implementing the Plan is understanding what capability is on the ground, so the Capability Assessment: Examines state plans, policies, and programs Examines state plans, policies, and programs Identifies funding and resources Identifies funding and resources Assessment of state and local capability Assessment of state and local capability State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Capability Assessment

54 Surveyed the ability of state and local agencies to plan for and implement hazard mitigation projects: State/local strengths and weaknesses State/local strengths and weaknesses Capacity, including staffing, mitigation expertise, technology/GIS, finances Capacity, including staffing, mitigation expertise, technology/GIS, finances This analysis feeds directly into the recommendations in the Action Plan State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Capability Assessment

55 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans and Implementation

56 Goal 1: Improve education and outreach regarding hazard mitigation Identify and coordinate public information efforts with other agencies Identify and coordinate public information efforts with other agencies Support the Community Education and Outreach initiative (CEO) Support the Community Education and Outreach initiative (CEO) State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

57 Goal 1 (continued): Increase state agency capabilities: Increase state agency capabilities: Establish points-of-contact at all agencies Establish points-of-contact at all agencies Interview to determine interest and needs Interview to determine interest and needs Identify opportunities for leveraging efforts Identify opportunities for leveraging efforts State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

58 Goal 2: Improve data collection & sharing Develop common definitions, methodologies and/or data sets for: Develop common definitions, methodologies and/or data sets for: Hazard identification and Risk assessment Hazard identification and Risk assessment Asset/facility categorization Asset/facility categorization Loss estimation Loss estimation Goals and objectives Goals and objectives Mitigation project types Mitigation project types State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

59 Goal 2 (continued): Ground-truth data and methodologies Ground-truth data and methodologies Integrate local and state agency risk data into future state hazard mitigation plan updates Integrate local and state agency risk data into future state hazard mitigation plan updates Identify existing data availability Identify existing data availability Improve data management Improve data management State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

60 Goal 3: Improve coordination with State and communities for mitigation planning Provide technical support Provide technical support Encourage local participation in NFIP Encourage local participation in NFIP Integrate efforts: parish OHSEPs, floodplain and coastal zone administrators, building officials, planning and zoning, etc. Integrate efforts: parish OHSEPs, floodplain and coastal zone administrators, building officials, planning and zoning, etc. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

61 Goal 4: Mitigate hazards through construction projects and related activities Identify, prioritize and fund projects Identify, prioritize and fund projects Recommended practices Recommended practices Support grant application development and administration, including meeting FEMA requirements Support grant application development and administration, including meeting FEMA requirements State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

62 Goal 4 (continued): Related activities include recommendations regarding current federal, state or local laws and administrative rules regarding floodplain management ordinances, building codes and long-range planning to create an enhanced state mitigation program. Related activities include recommendations regarding current federal, state or local laws and administrative rules regarding floodplain management ordinances, building codes and long-range planning to create an enhanced state mitigation program. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Goals, Action Plans & Implementation

63 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Next Steps

64 Provide comments on the Final Draft Plan Update by March 14 th. Provide comments on the Final Draft Plan Update by March 14 th. Note: Comments received after March 14th will be held for future consideration, but not necessarily included in this Plan Update. Indicate interest in on-going involvement in the planning and implementation process. Indicate interest in on-going involvement in the planning and implementation process. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Next Steps – Interested Parties

65 Incorporate reviewers comments (public and agency comments, FEMA Region VI, GOHSEP, etc.) to create a final State Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Incorporate reviewers comments (public and agency comments, FEMA Region VI, GOHSEP, etc.) to create a final State Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Submit final Plan Update for approval by the State. Submit final Plan Update for approval by the State. Submit final Plan Update document for approval by FEMA by April 25, 2008 Submit final Plan Update document for approval by FEMA by April 25, 2008 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Next Steps - GOHSEP

66 On-going involvement of the State Hazard Mitigation Team, Planning Committee, and Advisory Board On-going involvement of the State Hazard Mitigation Team, Planning Committee, and Advisory Board State and federal agency reps State and federal agency reps Academic and scientific experts Academic and scientific experts Professional groups (APA, etc.) and non- profits Professional groups (APA, etc.) and non- profits LA Municipal Association, Police Jury Association, LA Association of Planning & Development Districts, etc. LA Municipal Association, Police Jury Association, LA Association of Planning & Development Districts, etc. State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Next Steps – State

67 On-going process of implementation, monitoring, evaluation and updates continues with periodic re-approval by FEMA, every three years. On-going process of implementation, monitoring, evaluation and updates continues with periodic re-approval by FEMA, every three years. Louisiana moves towards a real- time system for hazard-data analysis and project evaluation Louisiana moves towards a real- time system for hazard-data analysis and project evaluation State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Next Steps - ALL

68 Statewide Hazard Mitigation Community Education and Outreach Project a Hazard Mitigation Grant Program-funded, multi-faceted, three-year initiative to establish a culture of mitigation throughout Louisiana

69 The Community Education and Outreach Project is an initiative consistent with and providing strategic assistance for implementation of goals 1, 2 and 3 in the State Hazard Mitigation Plan. SHMP GOALS Goal 1: Improve education & outreach efforts on hazard identification and risk reduction. Goal 1: Improve education & outreach efforts on hazard identification and risk reduction. Goal 2: Improve vulnerability and risk-related data collection. Goal 2: Improve vulnerability and risk-related data collection. Goal 3: Improve interagency coordination to develop coherent mitigation-related strategies. Goal 3: Improve interagency coordination to develop coherent mitigation-related strategies.

70 Summary of Goals and Objectives The CEO Project will build upon State Hazard Mitigation Plan elements to promote municipal government and community capacity to mitigate. The CEO Project will build upon State Hazard Mitigation Plan elements to promote municipal government and community capacity to mitigate. Partnerships and mitigation education opportunities will encourage & produce effective mitigation actions throughout the states public arena: Partnerships and mitigation education opportunities will encourage & produce effective mitigation actions throughout the states public arena: 1) government institutions 1) government institutions 2) business sector 2) business sector 3) individuals 3) individuals

71 Summary of Goals & Objectives, concl. The CEO Project will assist GOHSEP and other agencies to identify and improve mitigation abilities and execution: The CEO Project will assist GOHSEP and other agencies to identify and improve mitigation abilities and execution: Improve data capabilities and management. Improve data capabilities and management. Identify, expand and promote best practices throughout Louisiana. Identify, expand and promote best practices throughout Louisiana. Promote regional mitigation actions where beneficial. Promote regional mitigation actions where beneficial. Provide funding to continue and expand successful mitigation efforts. Provide funding to continue and expand successful mitigation efforts. Recognize and avoid duplication of efforts. Recognize and avoid duplication of efforts. Heighten political and community desire to address possible risk and management of risk before a disaster/crisis occurs. Heighten political and community desire to address possible risk and management of risk before a disaster/crisis occurs. Reduce property damage, economic interruption and most importantly, loss of life. Reduce property damage, economic interruption and most importantly, loss of life.

72 CEO Project Funding Total Project Cost $25,000, Total Project Cost $25,000, Federal Share= 18,750, Federal Share= 18,750, Non-Federal Share= 6,250, (25%) Non-Federal Share= 6,250, (25%) The 25% non-federal match share is being provided as in-kind services by the Louisiana Association of Broadcasters and the Louisiana Press Association. FEMA-1603-DR-LA, HMGP 5% Funding

73 CEO Project Components Statewide Community Education and Outreach Project media campaign project demonstrations to educate business and homeowners conferences for lenders, insurers, community officials, academia & others educational & project-based materials for general public & school curricula partnerships: business higher education civic groups government Individuals Non-profits training in mitigation design & techniques for professional workshops & seminars for local officials on mitigation funding

74 For more information on the CEO Project and to become involved: Peggy Poche Statewide Hazard Mitigation CEO Project Coordinator Disaster Recovery Section Governors Office of Homeland Security & Emergency Preparedness office: fax:

75 State of Louisiana Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Comments and Questions Acadia Calcasieu Calhoun Dean Lee Jefferson Red River Winnsboro St. Tammany Terrebonne Parish Library Efferson / Baton Rouge


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