Presentation on theme: "Keys to Literacy WVDE Office of Instruction. Review of Homework For each of the Keys to Literacy below, please bring evidence/artifacts of how it was."— Presentation transcript:
Keys to Literacy WVDE Office of Instruction
Review of Homework For each of the Keys to Literacy below, please bring evidence/artifacts of how it was used in your classroom/school. Activating Prior Knowledge Building Vocabulary Modeling the Processes Encouraging Classroom Discourse Drawing Conclusions Based on Evidence
Key Shifts Building knowledge through content-rich nonfiction Reading, writing and speaking grounded in evidence from text, both literary and informational Regular practice with complex text and its academic language
Building knowledge through content-rich nonfiction 70% Informational/30% Literary throughout the school day 25% Informational/75% Literary in English class Activating prior knowledge without telling students everything they need to know
Reading, writing and speaking grounded in evidence from text, both literary and informational Text-Dependent Questions Argumentative Writing based on textual information
Most college and workplace writing requires evidence. Ability to cite evidence differentiates strong from weak student performance on NAEP Evidence is a major emphasis of the ELA Standards: Reading Standard 1, Writing Standard 9, Speaking and Listening standards 2, 3 and 4, all focus on the gathering, evaluating and presenting of evidence from text. Being able to locate and deploy evidence are hallmarks of strong readers and writers 7 Evidence from Text
Text Dependent Questions 8 In Casey at the Bat, Casey strikes out. Describe a time when you failed at something. In Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Dr. King discusses nonviolent protest. Discuss, in writing, a time when you wanted to fight against something that you felt was unfair. In The Gettysburg Address Lincoln says the nation is dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Why is equality an important value to promote? What makes Caseys experiences at bat humorous? What can you infer from Kings letter about the letter that he received? The Gettysburg Address mentions the year According to Lincolns speech, why is this year significant to the events described in the speech? Not Text-Dependent Text-Dependent
Valuable Strategy Annotating the Text – Underline important terms. – Circle definitions and meanings. – Write key words and definitions in the margin. – Signal where important information can be found with key words or symbols in the margin. – Write short summaries in the margin at the end of sub- units. – Write the questions in the margin next to the section where the answer is found. – Indicate steps in a process by using numbers in the margin.
Sample ELA Item Click on two phrases from the paragraph that help you understand the meaning of scarred.
Sample ELA Item Select three sentences that show that Naomi is worried she has done something wrong.
Regular practice with complex text and its academic language Instruction on grade level text Intentional focus on vocabulary
Vocabulary knowledge is one of the best indicators of verbal ability. Vocabulary difficulty strongly influences the readability of text. Teaching vocabulary of a selection can improve students comprehension of that selection. Vocabulary Research
Some Vocabulary Practices… Use teacher directed, explicit instruction Provide opportunities to practice using words Teach word meanings explicitly and systematically Teach independent word learning strategies (i.e., contextual strategies & morphemic analysis) Research-based Practices
When we do not instruct students using appropriately complex text (grade level), we limit their exposure to complex vocabulary, intricate sentence structure, and we create a knowledge gap that will affect future comprehension.
Analyzing Documents Primary and Secondary Sources
Library of Congress Teacher's Guides and Analysis Tool Observe – Reflect- Question urces/guides.html urces/guides.html
Write your name on your journal. Label the first page Table of Contents. Number each page. On the last page, create an Alpha Box graphic organizer.
Debrief Notebook Task
Purpose of Notebook To record new understandings To pose questions to which you need to find the answers To record Ah Has To explore new concepts To provide a record of your experiences
Content for Notebooks Entries that help develop conceptual understanding and critical thinking within the context of their investigations Write about only the concepts and thinking involved Talk about the class experiences among themselvesturn and talk In science dont have students write procedures Never score notebooks have students use them
Notebooks are Rough Drafts Focus on – Content –concepts and thinking – Organization (critical thinking and skills) – Word choice (vocabulary) – Legibility ( readable)
Motivation Engaging students in all subject areas Discovery Inquiry
Four components of teaching and learning of science Science Content Scientific thinking Scientific skills Expository writing
Writing in Science Students are motivated to learn from being engaged in meaningful learning experiences Understanding science concepts to think scientifically Science notebooks serves as tools in learning Students need scaffolding and modeling Entries should focus on expository writing
Scaffolding Structured support – Word banks – Graphic organizers Tables Graphs Flow maps diagrams – Writing frames---for students
Scaffolding Charts Word banks Graphic organizers Model and provide sentence starter Provide less scaffolding over time
Lets do some science Get with a partner Notebooks Writing utensil
Observations/ Illustration Characteristics: Size, shape, color, lines, patterns, texture, odor, behavior I wonder Note any changes Describe: Illustration: Label, Title, Accurate
Observation Frame I observed…. I noticed…… It reminds me of ……because…. When …….it …… At first ……but now…. It surprised me that…because…
Video What is the teacher doing What are the students doing
Discussion From the video lets table talk What was the teacher doing What were the students doing
Effective Questioning Can you tell me about…..? What else would you tell another scientist? How do you know? What did you observe? Because……? If another scientist looked at your data table, what would she need to know?
Feedback to students Provide constructive, positive feedback For Notebook entries Start with strengths, then address weakness by posing questions scientist would ask Formal and informal ways need to be developed