7Cite Areas Auditory Language Visual Language Auditory Numerical Visual NumericalAuditory/Visual/ Kinesthetic CombinationHearing words spokenReading wordsHearing numbersSeeing numbersDoing/Experiences
8CITE Interaction Modes Individual LearnerGroup LearnerWorks better when working independentlyWorks better with at least one other student
9CITE Expressive Modes Oral Expressive Written Expressive Can tell you what he knowsCan write what he knows
10About the CITE May be read to 2nd graders Grade: 3 – Adult May be read to the student if reader will not lead with voice or expressionsYounger children may need smiley faces to show ranking and use only three ranks.Grade: 3 – Adult45 Questions to read and answerResponse is4 Most Like Me321 Least Like Me
11Results Major Learning Style Minor Learning Style Negligible Use The student prefers this mode of learning, feels comfortable with it, and uses it for important (to the student) learning. A student does not necessarily have one and only one preferred style.The student uses this mode but usually as a second choice or in conjunction with other learning styles.The student prefers not to use this if other choices are available . The student does not feel comfortable with this style.Major Learning StyleMinor Learning StyleNegligible Use
12CITE Scores Major Learning Style Minor Learning Style Negligible Use
13The CITE Reports The Student completes a graphic of the scores The computer prints out the items, response number, the results and recommendationsThe teacher completes a classroom profileStyle Page 12/16 – gives the student strengths and assists in developmental guidance.Computer program is included on the CD accompanying this program. It provides information for teacher, parent, and older student.Style Page 16/16 depicts planning for the individual student and for the class.
14Administering the CITE Explain 1 is not what I do or low/least and 4 is what I do or high/most. 2 is I may use this one and 3 is one I often use this.Practice with this ranking.Explain they are to read each of the 45 statements and circle 1, 2, 3, or 4For younger students, the teacher may read the test taking care not to show how to answer. Three smiley faces – sad, straight line, and smiles may be used.
15Scoring the CITE Older students may score their own test For those using the computer, the score and results will be given automatically. The student may then graph the results.For younger students, the teacher will score.
16The CITE Scoring Process Record the response to each question on the score sheet Style Page 11/16 For example the Visual Language questions areA score of 34 is the lowest level of Major Learning Style (34-40)This score would be recorded on the Student Profile graph on Style 12/165 –13 –21 –29 –37 –TOTAL 17x 2SCORE 34
17Plotting the CITE Score Use Style page 12/16Record child’s score on each area from page 11/16 to create a bar graph. Bars may be colored.Bars with a score of would be greenBars with a score of would be redOther bars would be student choice or leave white
18VL VN AL Negligible Use Minor Style Major Style 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 242628303234363840VLVNAL
19Plotting CITE Class Profile Use Style Page 16/16Record each student’s name and scores in the horizontal bars of the gridReading horizontally provides an individual student’s scoreReading Vertically provides a classroom profile for that area. (If the teacher takes the test his/her score would be recorded last.Hint: Color code scores green and red to create a colored guide of the class for each area Designed by F.B. Mann, III; Assistant Superintendent: Secondary Education; Wyoming County, WV-conducted 10 years research
20Cognitive Social Expressive StudentVLVNALANKTINGRORWRBill3632282224Sue201226Mary38163018Kama403414CSee Style Pages 6/16 and 16/16
21Using The CITEVisual Numerical (VN) Learner This student has to see numbers on the board, in a book, or on a paper in order to work with them. He is more likely to remember and understand math facts if he has seen them. He does not seem to need as much oral explanation.VN Teaching Techniques This student will benefit from worksheets, work-books, and texts. Give a variety of written materials and allow time to study it. In playing games and being involved in activities with numbers/number problems, make sure they are visible, printed numbers, not oral games and activities. Important data should be given on paper.See Style Pages 13/16, 14/16, 15/16
22Using the ResultsThe computer program prints out the definitions and the techniques for the parent and for the teacher.Pages Style 13/16 – 15/16 may be copied and the strengths circled in one color and the negligible in another color.This information may be used for areas such as teaching, counseling, conferencing, and developmental guidance.
23Something to Think About Each student will use a variety of styles. Subject content does make a difference. Style can expand.A classroom will usually have every combination.Teachers usually teach in THEIR preferred style.Teaching should not always be toward a strength. All styles need some development. The key isWHEN IT IS CRUCIAL – PREFERRED STYLEResearch have found STYLE can make a crucial difference. Style relates to Brain Compatible Learning and Multiple Intelligences.Cooperative Learning Structures facilitate using all the styles.