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Historical Context Industrial Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "Historical Context Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 American Romanticism 1800-1860

2 Historical Context Industrial Revolution 1760-1840
1803 Louisiana Purchase Enlightenment 1848 Gold rush Mid 1800’s – Suffrage Movement Right around the corner - Civil War

3 Romanticism Reaction to Revolutionary Period
Reaction to the Industrial Revolution Imagination over Reason Intuition over Fact Focus on Emotions

4 Dark / Gothic Romantics
Romanticism Transcendentalists Love of nature Idealization of rural life Love of beauty and nature Sympathy and sentimentality Dark / Gothic Romantics Nature is alien or even frightening Loss of place in the urban, modern world Enthusiasm for the wild or grotesque in nature Emotional psychology

5 Dark / Gothic Romantic American Literature

6 Dark / Gothic Romantic Literature
Supernatural events Damsels in distress Creepy / disturbed characters

7 Dark / Gothic Romantic Literature
Creepy settings Omens and dreams Highly charged emotional states

8 Dark / Gothic Romantic Literature
deep awareness of the human capacity for evil probing of the mind, conscience, and heart

9 The Dark / Gothic Romantics
Three giants from this period are Washington Irving, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Edgar Allan Poe. Hawthorne and Poe are what have been called “brooding” romantics or “anti-transcendentalists” while Irving’s works are interspersed with dark humor.

10 Father of American Literature
Washington Irving Father of American Literature “The Devil and Tom Walker” “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” “Rip Van Winkle” 1789 – 1851

11 Nathaniel Hawthorne Sin, Guilt, Pride, Selfishness The Scarlet Letter
“Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment” “Rappaccini’s Daughter” “The Minister’s Black Veil” “The Birthmark” “Young Goodman Brown”

12 Edgar Allan Poe Created the modern short story & the detective story
“Masque of the Red Death” “The Fall of the House of Usher” “The Raven” “The Cask of Amontillado” “The Tell-Tale Heart” “The Murders in the Rue Morgue”

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