Presentation on theme: "NEW JERSEY CT DOSE PROJECT UPDATE New Jersey Medical Physicist Meeting March 9, 2006 Web version with summary of meeting outcomes."— Presentation transcript:
NEW JERSEY CT DOSE PROJECT UPDATE New Jersey Medical Physicist Meeting March 9, 2006 Web version with summary of meeting outcomes
November 2004 Meeting Outcomes A standardized method for calculating and reporting CT dose should be used. ACRs 2002 CT Accreditation Programs method and set up procedures for calculating CT dose should be used. BRH to develop a form to report CT dose. CT dose should be calculated and reported for Adult Head, Adult Abdomen and Pediatric Abdomen. Patient scan protocols should be used.
Meeting Outcomes NJ should apply ACRs CTDI(w) reference values as its reference levels for CTDI(vol). –This will account for pitch from helical scanning Facilities will be encouraged to submit CT doses to the BRH. BRH will collect and analyze CT dose data and report results to medical physicists.
Why is Monitoring CT Dose Important? Some data suggest that CT procedures account for 16% of all radiologic procedures performed, but contribute 65% of the dose delivered to patients.
Analysis of CT Dose Data Demographic Information: –Data includes CT doses collected from December 2004 to February –A total of 396 CT Doses were collected on 141 CT scanners. (About 40% of all registered CT scanners)
Percentage of Scanners in Study
CTDI Doses (mGy) By Procedure Type Procedure/ Parameter Adult Head Adult Abdomen Pediatric Abdomen Number CTDI(w) Mean CTDI(w) 80 th %tile CTDI(vol) Mean CTDI(vol) 80 th %tile AAPM May 2005 recommendation to use 80 th percentile
Analysis of Adult Head Dose and Handout #1
Analysis of Adult Abdomen Dose and Handout #2
Analysis of Pediatric Abdomen Dose and Handout #3
Percent of CT Doses Above Reference Levels
Observations and Discussion Highest percentage to exceed the Reference Value is Adult Head. –Why? Is ACRs reference value set too low or are values for adult abdomen and pediatric abdomen set too high? ALARA? Both? High percentage of Pediatric Abdomen CT doses exceed Reference Value and greater variation of doses among CT types. –Suggests a need for better evaluation of patient scan protocols. (N.J.A.C. 7: (a) Item #12)
Adult Abdomen and Pediatric Abdomen Data and Handout #4
Pediatric Scan Protocol Is ALARA practiced? –Scan Protocols between adult abdomen and pediatric abdomen vary greatly depending on CT Slice type. – CTDI(w) for single slice and 64 slice CT scanners for pediatric abdomen are higher than for adult abdomen. –No significant change in the mean scan protocol between adult abdomen and pediatric abdomen for 64 Slice CT Scanners. CAN DOSE BE LOWER?
New Jerseys 64 Slice CT Data
Revised New Jersey CT Dose Report Form Handout #5
Revisions to New Jersey CT Dose Report The following were added to the report: –Field for facility name. –Field to enter procedures not performed. –Auto calculation field for pitch. –Area to enter recommendations for dose and patient protocol. –Requirement for facilities to implement corrective action if recommendations are made. –Pediatric patient is defined. Physicists are encourages to use this form since it provides data that is not currently on ACRs form (Examples: CT slice type, review pitch and requirement to reduce high doses).
Whats Next Implement revised NJ CT Dose Report form. Continue tracking CT doses. Investigate facilities that have a CTDI(vol) dose that exceed ACRs CTDI(w) Reference Value. Continue to update medical physicists on findings and issues involving CT. Physicists to notify the Bureau of issues relating to CT.
Baseline CTDI(vol) Doses (mGy) Data is Established Procedure/ CTDI(vol) Adult Head Adult Abdomen Pediatric Abdomen Mean th percentile
What a Difference 15 Months Makes? The only available dose data that could be reported in November 2004: Doses calculated and reported by various methods (ex. MSAD and Various CTDI)
Establishment of Project Goals To reduce CTDI(vol) dose in all three procedures by 15% by 2008.
How Can This Be Accomplished? Ensure the practice of ALARA by: –Reviewing patient scan protocol to ensure the lowest CTDI(W) dose possible is used and if possible a greater use of pitch so that CTDI(vol) is lower than CTDI(w) while maintaining acceptable image quality. –Establishing a committee of physicists and radiologists to examine dose and imaging quality and identify a suggested scan protocol that would result in the lowest patient dose while maintain acceptable image quality. Bureau to publish this protocol to facilities.
Major 2006 Meeting Outcomes For all three procedures, New Jerseys mean CTDI(vol) doses are below ACRs CTDI(w) reference values. Facilities experiencing difficulties staying below ACRs reference value for Adult Head. New Jerseys CT Dose Report is updated to provide better statistical analysis. Committee established to optimize dose and image quality for certain CT scanners.