Presentation on theme: "Barnabas Health Institute for Prevention Bullying: Breaking the Trend"— Presentation transcript:
1 Barnabas Health Institute for Prevention Bullying: Breaking the Trend Presented by:Connie Greene MA, CAS, CPS, CSW&Bob Goldschlag J.D., C.C.M.
2 Harassment, Intimidation or Bullying (HIB) Defined WHAT, WHERE & HOWWHAT was the motive?WHERE did it take place?HOW was the target effected?
3 Harassment, Intimidation or Bullying (HIB) (What was the motive) Harassment, intimidation or bullying means any gesture, any written, verbal, or physical act, or any electronic communication whether it be a single incident or a series of incidents, that is reasonably perceived as being motivated either by any actual or perceived characteristic, such as: NJSA 18A:37-14 (2)Pg 9, line
4 Examples of HIB Characteristics RaceColorReligionAncestryNational OriginGenderSexual OrientationGender Identity & ExpressionMental, Physical or Sensory DisabilityOr any other distinguishing characteristicNJSA 18A:37-14 (2)Pg. 9, Line 48
6 Motive—Power & Control (Not in the Statute) School Districts may add “power and control over another” to its definition of HIBModel Policy and Guidance, Part 4, Section 2, pg. 11
7 Where Did it Take Place?The incident can take place on school property, at any school-sponsored function, on a school bus or off school grounds that substantially disrupts or interferes with the orderly operation of the school or the rights of other students…NJSA 18A:37-14 (2)Pg. 10, Line 3-8
8 (How was the Target effected?) And any one of the following:(How was the Target effected?)1. A reasonable person should know, under the circumstances, will have the effect of physically or emotionally harming a student or damaging the student’s property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm to his person or damage to his property.OR2. Has the effect of insulting or demeaning any student or group of students.3. Creates a hostile educational environment for the student.By interfering with a student’s education or by severely or pervasively causing physical or emotional harm to the student.pg 10, lines 9-22Pg. 10, Line
9 HIB ContinuedNothing contained in the Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act shall alter or reduce the rights of a student with a disability with regard to disciplinary actions or to general or special educational services and supports.NJSA 18A:37-32 (30)Pg. 22, Line Federal law supercedes all state law as in the above disability
10 Code of ConductConduct which shall constitute good cause for suspension or expulsion of a pupil guilty of such conduct shall now include harassment, intimidation and bullying.NJSA 18A:37- 2 (k)A public institution of higher education shall adopt a policy to be included in its student code of conduct prohibiting harassment, intimidation, or bullying.NJSA 18A:3B-68 (28)(a)Pg 9, Lines & 35Pg 21, Lines
11 Policy/ProcedureA school district’s policy on HIB shall include provisions for appropriate responses to HIB that occur off school grounds in cases in which a school employee is made aware of such actions. NJSA 18A:37-15Provides a detailed procedure that must be included in each district’s policy concerning the investigation of incidents of HIB NJSA 18A:37-15Pg. 16, Line19Pg. 11, LineSchool employee of contracted service provider
12 A school employee or contracted service provider must notify a principal verbally the day of the incident and file a written report with the school principal within two days of observing or being made aware of an act of HIBNJSA 18A:37-15 (3)Pg 11, Line 10
13 Parents ABS Board of Education NJSA 18A:37-15 (3) HIB incident occurs School Employee orContractedService ProviderParentsPrincipalABSSuperintendentPg. 11, Line 4 - Pg 12, Line 43Board ofEducationNJSA 18A:37-15 (3)
14 Investigation Timeline On day of occurrence:Verbal report to principal on same day as when witnessed or reliable information is givenPrincipal notifies parents/guardians of all students involvedPrincipal may discuss counseling or other interventionsWithin two days of occurrence:Witness gives school principal a written reportWithin one day of receipt of written report:Principal initiates investigation through ABS (principal may appoint additional personnel to assist in the investigation)
15 Within 10 days of receipt by principal of written report: ABS must complete investigationReport can be amended after 10 day period if additional information had been anticipatedWithin 2 days after investigation is completedReport given to SuperintendentSuperintendent must report the results of investigation no later then the date of the next Board of Ed. MeetingWithin 5 days after results of investigation is reported to the Board Superintendent shall give written report to parentsParents may request a hearing with the Board and hearing shall be held within 10 days of parents’ request (in executive session)
16 Board must issue written report to affirm, reject or modify at next Board meeting Board’s decision may be appealed to Commissioner of Education within 90 days of Board’s decisionParents may file a complaint with Division of Civil Rights within 180 days of occurrenceNJSA 18A:37-15
17 A school administrator who fails to initiate or conduct an investigation of an incident, or who should have known of an incident and fails to take action, is subject to disciplineNJSA 18A:37-16 (4)(d)Pg. 14, Line 34 A board member is included in a mandate to report.
18 Department of Education The Department of Education, in consultation with the Division of Civil Rights in the Dept. of Law and Public Safety shall develop a guidance document for use by parents/guardians, students and school districts to assist in resolving complaints concerning student harassment, intimidation or bullying behaviors.NJSA 18A:37-24 (21)The document shall include best practices for the prevention, intervention, and remediation of harassment, intimidation or bullying in schools, including methods to identify and assist student populations at high risk for harassment, intimidation or bullying.Pg. 19, Line 1 – 7Pg. 19, Line 11-14
19 Department of Education The Commissioner of Education shall establish a formal protocol pursuant to which the office of the executive county superintendent of schools shall investigate a complaint that documents an allegation of a violation… by a school district located within the county, when the complaint has not been adequately addressed on the local level.NJSA 18A:37-25 (22)Pg. 19, Line
20 Reprisals and Retaliation A member of the board of education, school employee, student or volunteer shall not engage in reprisal, retaliation or false accusation against a victim, witness or one with reliable information about an act of HIB NJSA 18A:37-16 (4)Pg 14, Line 14Includes members of the school board in the list of individuals who may not engage in reprisals
21 ResponsibilityA member of a board of education, school employee, contracted service provider, student or volunteer who has witnessed, or has reliable information that a student has been subject to HIB shall report the incident to the appropriate school official designated by the school district’s policy NJSA 18A:37-16 (4)(b)Pg 14, line 18Members of the school board are included in the list of those required to report acts of HIB to appropriate officials in the school districtInclude underlined information
22 Immunity“Promptly” reporting to the appropriate school official designated by the District policy, ‘or to any school administrator or safe schools resource officer’ shall result in immunity from civil liability.NJSA 18A:37-16 (4)(c)
23 Bullying Prevention Fund The Department of Education will create the “Bullying Prevention Fund” to be used to fund grants to school districts to provide training on HIB prevention and on effective means to create a positive climate NJSA 18A:37-28Pg. 20, Line 33
24 SuperintendentThe superintendent of schools shall report to the Board of Education and Department of Education twice a year…at a public hearing all acts of violence, vandalism and HIB NJSA 18A:37-15The superintendent in each school district shall appoint a district anti-bullying coordinator and sets forth responsibilities of that individualNJSA 18A:37-20 (17)Pg. 7, Line 14 – 18Pg. 17, Line 1
25 The Anti-Bullying Coordinator shall Provide data, in collaboration with the superintendent of schools, to the Department of Education regarding HIB of students NJSA 18A:37-20 (17)Execute such other duties related to school HIB as requested by the superintendent of schools NJSA 18A:37-20 (17)Pg. 17, Line 12Pg. 17, Line 15
26 The Anti-Bullying Coordinator shall Be responsible for coordinating and strengthening the school district’s policies to prevent, identify, and address harassment, intimidation, and bullying of students NJSA 18A:37-20 (17)(b)Collaborate with school anti-bullying specialists in the district, the board of education, and the superintendent of schools to prevent, identify, and respond to HIB of students in the districtNJSA 18A:37-20 (17)(b)Pg. 17, Line 5Pg. 17, Line 8
27 Anti-BullyingSpecialistProvides that the principal in each public school shall appoint the currently employed school guidance counselor, school psychologist or another similarly trained individual as the school anti-bullying specialist. NJSA 18A:37-20 (17)Pg 16, Line 33
28 The Anti-Bullying Specialist shall Chair the school safety teamLead the investigation of incidents of HIB in the schoolAct as the primary school official responsible for preventing, identifying and addressing incidents of HIB in the schoolNJSA 18A:37-20 (17)Pg. 16, Line
29 School Safety TeamEach district shall form a school safety team in each school to foster and maintain a positive school climate and shall meet at least two times a year.NJSA 18A:37-21Pg. 17, Line
30 School Safety TeamA school safety team shall consist of the principal or his designee who, if possible, shall be a senior administrator in the school and the following appointees of the principal:A teacher in the schoolA school anti-bullying specialistA parent of a student in the schoolOther members to be determined by the principalNJSA 18A:37-21Pg 17, line
31 School Safety TeamReceive complaints of HIB of students that have been reported to the principalReceive copies of any report prepared after an investigation of an incident of HIBIdentify and address patterns of HIB of students in the schoolsReview and strengthen school climate and the policies of the school in order to prevent and address HIB of studentsNJSA 18A:37-21Pg 17, line
32 School Safety TeamEducate the community, including students, teachers, administrative staff and parents to prevent and address harassment, intimidation or bullying of students.Shall be provided professional development opportunities that address effective practices of successful school climate programs or approachesParticipate in the training required pursuant to the provisions the principal or the district anti-bullying coordinator may requestNJSA 18A:37-20 (21)Pg. 18, Line 1 – 16
33 School Safety TeamCollaborate with the district anti bullying coordinator in the collection of district-wide data and in the development of district policies to prevent and address HIB of studentsExecute such other duties related to HIB as requested by the principal or district anti-bullying coordinatorNJSA 18A:37-20 (21)Protect the privacy rights of students by limiting the participation of parent members of school safety teams to the activities of the team which do not involve confidential matters involving students.Pg. 18, Line 7 – 13Pg. 18, Line
34 SchoolsRequires school districts to establish bullying prevention programs or approaches which shall be designed to create school-wide conditions to prevent and address HIB.NJSA 18A:37-17Designates the week beginning with the first Monday in October of each year as a “Week of Respect” and requires the school district observe the week by providing age-appropriate instruction focusing on preventing HIBNJSA 18A:37-29 (26)Pg. 14, Line 44 – Pg.15, Line 2Pg. 20, Line 45
35 TrainingAll candidates for school administrator or teacher certification will be required to complete a program on harassment, intimidation or bullying. NJSA 18A:37-20 (17) & NJSA 18A37-22School board members within one year of being newly elected or appointed or being re-elected or reappointed shall receive training on HIB. NJSA 18A:12-33 (13) (a)Pg. 18, Line 23 and line 42Pg. 6, Line 40
36 TrainingThe training course for Safe Schools Resource Officers and public school employees assigned by the board of education to serve as a school liaison to law enforcement shall include training in the protection of students from HIB, including incidents which occur through electronic communication.NJSA 18A:12-33Pg 15, Line
37 Suicide PreventionTraining on Harassment, Intimidation and Bullying (HIB) be a part of the training required for public school staff members in suicide prevention.The instruction in suicide prevention shall include information on the relationship between the risk of suicide and incidents of HIB and information on reducing the risk of suicide in students who are members of communities identified as having members at high risk of suicide.NJSA 18A:6-112 (2)Pg. 5, Line
38 EmploymentAdds a conviction of “bias intimidation” to the list of crimes for which a person may be disqualified for employment in a school.NJSA 18A:6-7 (2)Pg 4, Line 9
39 Nonpublic SchoolsIncludes a provision that encourages nonpublic schools to comply with the “Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act”NJSA 18A:37-31Pg. 22, line7
40 School Report CardIncludes data identifying the number and nature of all reports of HIBThe report will be used to grade schools and districts in their efforts to implement policies and programs consistent with the “Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act”NJSA 18A:7E-3 (10)Pg 7, Line 22Pg. 7, line 38
41 ScenariosJohn is on the on the varsity football team. When he walks down the hallway between classes, he expects everyone to step out of his way. If any student refuses to step aside, he pushes them away and keeps walking. If these are the only facts known to the ABS after an investigation, should the ABS conclude that John engaging in “HIB” as it is defined in the Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights?
42 Scenarios continued:Scott is a Caucasian student at Everything is Wonderful Here High School in New Jersey. A teacher has reported to the principal that she heard a rumor that Scott was in a fight in the school parking lot with Archon, an African American student and reports it to the principal as a possible HIB incident. The principal refers the matter to the school Anti-Bullying Specialist to investigate. The ABS speaks to both Scott and Archon. They admit that they had a fight but offer no explanation of why. The ABS speaks to several students who say they also heard the rumor about the fight but have no first hand knowledge or other information. Has Scott engaged in “HIB” as it is defined in the Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights?
43 Scenarios continued: Would your answer be the same? Assume the same facts as Scenario Two except that the investigation disclosed that two days before the fight between Scott and Archon, Scott was assaulted and robbed by two African American men (neither of whom was Archon). On the morning of the fight between Scott and Archon, Scott told one of his friends that he was going to get even for what had been done to him. Would your answer be the same?
44 Scenarios continued:On Friday nights many of the students at “Not Us Middle School” in New Jersey hang out at The Cool Kids Coffee House located in town, about five miles from the school. At the beginning of the school year, Shirley, who had recently moved into the neighborhood, went to the coffee house in the hope of meeting some new friends. When she got there she saw several of the boys and girls pointing at her and whispering. When she went over to them they called her “carrot top” and turned their backs on her. She ran home and went into her room and would not answer her mother’s questions about what was wrong.Over the weekend her mother found her in the bathroom attempting to color her hair.Is Shirley the victim of HIB?
45 On Monday Shirley pretended to be sick and refused to go to school On Monday Shirley pretended to be sick and refused to go to school. On Tuesday she returned to school. Over the next few weeks her grades began to decline and she stopped doing her homework.Is your answer the same?
46 Scenario As a fourth-grader at “Paradise School”, Robert was taunted with homosexual epithets such as “gay,” “homo,” and “fag.” The harassment increased in regularity and severity as Robert advanced through school. He was subjected to harassment almost daily, which escalated. Initially, the school’s response to reported incidents was to talk to the students about their inappropriate behavior and to warn them of future consequences if the behavior continued. Eventually, as the harassment continued, discipline ranged from detention to suspension of repeat offenders and counseling for first-time offenders. Robert was forced to miss school days following several of these incidents, a result of his fear and humiliation from the harassment. The District employed “progressive discipline” when addressing peer discrimination and harassment. First-time offenders were counseled by school officials; a second transgression earned disciplinary “points;” and a third offense could result in discipline. By way of comparison, if a student was more than one-minute late for class, the student received three “points” and a detention.Was Robert subjected to HIB?If Robert’s parents brought a civil lawsuit could they recover monetary damages?What should a School Safety Team do when these fact are brought to their attention?