Presentation on theme: "Classification of Agricultural Animals Organisms Identified, grouped, and classified More effectively study and communicate about them Plants and animals."— Presentation transcript:
Classification of Agricultural Animals
Organisms Identified, grouped, and classified More effectively study and communicate about them Plants and animals are classified or grouped together by characteristics they have in common
They may be characterized by The uses people make of them Physical characteristics Other categories used to put similar animals together
Classification Several ways of classifying agricultural animals Agricultural animals have been domesticated for some type of human use These animals have been developed into breeds having distinctive characteristics and distinctive uses
Scientific Classification –Binomial nomenclature: Giving two names in Latin –System developed by Swedish Botonist named Linnaeus
Binomial Nomenclature Genus: First name, always capitalized Species: Second name, always lowercase Both are underlined!
Latin Was used because at the time, it was the international language of scholars Many languages of the world were based on Latin.
Example Cattle: Bos taurus Pigs: Sus scrofa Horses: Equus caballus Sheep: Ovis aries Dogs: Canis familiaris
Common Names Are often confusing Different organisms can have similar or the same common name Different parts of the country may have different common names for the same animal.
Scientific Classification Orderly and systematic approach to identification Broad groups of animals are classified together in categories of common characteristics
Scientific Classification Each group is then broken down further into smaller categories Process is repeated until the groups cannot be categorized into smaller groups.
Seven Levels of Classification Kingdom- largest Phyla Class Order Family
Seven Levels of Classification Genus Species- smallest
Kingdoms Animalia: all multicelled animals Plantae: multicellular plants that produce chlorophyll through photosynthesis
Kingdoms Monera: bacteria and blue-green algae Protista: paramecia and amoebae Fungi: mushrooms and other fungi
Kingdom The Kingdom animalia includes all animals ranging from a tiny gnat to huge whales. Because of this diversity we have to further subdivide into phyla.
Phyla The primary divisions of the kingdom Animalia The kingdom animalia is divided into twenty-seven phyla.
Phyla The word phyla comes from the Greek word phulon meaning race or kind Several phyla are divided into subphyla Most agricultural animals belong to the phylum Chordata
Phyla Chordata is divided into subphylas Vertebrata – animals with backbones
Classes The phyla and subphyla are further divided into classes. Agricultural animals such as horses, cattle, goats, sheep, and pigs belong to the class Mammalia.