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Introduction to Biotechnology
Biotechnology helps to meet our basic needs. Food, clothing, shelter, health and safety
Biotechnology Improvements by using science Science helps in production plants, animals and other organisms
Biotechnology Also used in maintaining a good environment that promotes our well being
Biotechnology Using scientific processes to get new organisms or new products from organisms.
Biotechnology Large area Includes many approaches and methods in science and technology
Office of Tech Assessment Definition Any technique that uses living organisms or substances from those organisms to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals….
Cont. Or to develop microorganisms for specific uses.
Agricultural View All of the applied science based operations in producing food, fiber, shelter, and related products
Agricultural View Milk production New horticultural and ornamental plants Wildlife, aquaculture, natural resources and environmental management
Multidisciplinary Involves many disciplines or branches of learning Includes all areas of Life Sciences
Organismic Biotech Working with complete, intact organisms or their cells Organisms are not genetically changed with artificial means
Organismic Biotech Help the organism live better or be more productive Goal – improve organisms and the conditions in which they grow
Organismic Biotech Study and use natural genetic variations Cloning is an example of organismic biotech
Cloning Process of producing a new organism from cells or tissues of existing organism cloned sheep – Dolly in Edinburgh Scotland
Molecular Biotech Changing the genetic make-up of an organism Altering the structure and parts of cells Complex!
Molecular Biotech Uses genetic engineering, molecular mapping and similar processes
Genetic Engineering Changing the genetic information in a cell Specific trait of one organism may be isolated,cut, and moved into the cell of another organism
Transgenic Results of Gen. Eng. Are said to be transgenic Genetic material in an organism has been altered
Biotech examples Medicine Agriculture Environment Forestry Food and beverage processing
Medicine Some new developments delve into the hereditary material of humans known as gene therapy
Medicine Therapeutant - product used to maintain health or prevent disease Biopharmaceuticals – drug or vaccine developed through biotechnology Called designer drugs
Medicine Biopharming – production of pharmaceuticals in cultured organisms Combination of the agriculture and pharmaceutical industries
Medicine Certain blood – derived products needed in human medicine can be produced in the milk of goats
Environment Any biotechnological process that may promote a good environment Organisms developed during the gulf war to eat oil Organism used in gold mining to eat contaminants
Environmental Problems naturally solved by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi break down contaminant into a form less harmful or not harmful
Ag and Forestry Plant biotech Animal biotech
Plant biotech Improve plants and the products produced from them Insect and disease resistance Engineered to have desired characteristics
Plant biotech Corn plant produced with high levels of the amino acid Lysine
Animal Biotech Improve animals or the products they produce Animals may be used to produce products that promote human health
Animal Biotech Increase productivity Pigs engineered to produce human hemoglobin
Food and Beverages Use of technology in producing and processing Some biotech principles have been employed for hundreds of years Yeast in baking bread
Food and Bev. Genetically altered crops rBGH milk
Biotechnology Helps meet human needs Food, clothing and shelter Plants and animals are used in manufacturing food, clothing and materials for shelter
Biotechnology Used to make products more useful or desirable Ex: conversion of milk into cheese or yogurt
Efficiency Must keep the cost of improving products as low as possible Biotech results in greater efficiency
Efficiency Inoculating legume seeds with bacteria that allow the plant to pull nitrogen out of the air and put it into the soil Saves the producer the cost of applying N fertilizer
Efficiency Results in trees that grow faster and produce wood that is more desirable
Greater Production Increases yields bST use in cows to produce more milk Higher crop yields from drought, disease & insect resistant crops
Health Promoting Foods Food with unique traits Some contain therapeutants Some designed with nutrient enrichment
Safety Consumers want foods to provide needed nutrients and in some cases, enhanced foods Do not want side effects from those enhanced foods
Easy preparation Flavr-Savr Tomato Reached the market in early 1990s Engineered to have a longer shelf life
Flavr-Savr No soft spots No rotten spots Tomato resists spoilage
Synthetic biology Creating lifelike characteristics through the use of chemicals Based on creating structures similar to those found in living organisms
Synthetic Biology Need for synthetic cells lead to the development of the vesicle Vesicle – tiny rounded structure with cell like traits
Vesicle Tiny structures similar to soap bubbles were created to serve as the cell membrane Visible only with powerful microscope
Vesicle Once the cell membrane has been successfully developed, development of the materials with the cell is initiated.
Synthetic biology Is important because it brings science closer to creating life in the lab Cells and tissues may be developed to treat human injury and disease
Introduction to Biotechnology. What is it? The study and manipulation of any living thing or their component molecules, cells, tissues, or organs.
Science – the study of the natural world Technology – the development of equipment needed to study the sciences. Science & Technology spur each other.
BIOTECHNOLOGY UNIT WHAT IS BIOTECHNOLOGY? Use of living organisms and biological processes to solve problems or make useful products Bio- “living.
Biotechnology Messana Science 8. BIOTECHNOLOGY Technology based on a biological system or living organism Uses organisms to solve real world human problems.
Modern Day Genetics. The Human Genome Project Two main goals: To determine the nucleotide sequence of all the DNA in human chromosomes To identify.
Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Advanced Animal Science Chapter 10 Mrs. Balmer.
Chapter 15: Genetic Engineering Selective Breeding.
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY. Biotechnology Bio Biology Technology Application The application of Biology for the benefit of humans.
Biotechnology North Carolina. What is Biotechnology Biotechnology? Biotechnology: the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms.
USING APPLIED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BY HOWARD HENDERSON CHAPTER 2 AGRISCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY.
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY. Biotechnology ? The application of biological organisms, systems or processes to manufacturing and service industries The application.
How are these organisms different? Are they the same species? Who is involved with making these variations?
Biotechnology - traditional Modification by microorganisms of materials for human use Modification by microorganisms of materials for human use Use of.
USING APPLIED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. DEFINITION OF AGRISCIENCE IT IS THE USE OF SCIENCE IN PRODUCING -FOOD-FIBER-SHELTER APPLIED SCIENCE ANSWERS.
PLANT BREEDING Plant Biotechnology & GMO’s. THE ROLE OF PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY IN FOOD PRODUCTION Biotechnology involves the use of scientific methods on.
Genetics 8: Production and Regulation of Genetically Engineered Organisms.
HUM 101 Spring semester Lecturer: Faruk Berat AKCESME (MSc)
August 2008 Using Applied Science and Technology By Howard Henderson Chapter 2 Agriscience/Technology GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office To accompany the Georgia.
What is Biotechnology?. Biotechnology Break it down to the root words and what do you get? “The use of living organisms to solve problems or make.
A Brave New World What is biotechnology? Using scientific methods with organisms to produce new products or new forms of organisms. Any technique that.
BIOTECHNOLOGY WHAT IS IT? Biotechnology is the use of biological processes to make useful products or applications. Ancient Biotech? Humans have been genetically.
Frontiers of Genetics. Recombinant DNA Recombinant DNA Restriction enzymes Restriction enzymes Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Genetically Modified.
Genetic Engineering Applications. Using your knowledge of genetic engineering, explain how the plant and dog glow. A firefly’s gene (for the enzyme luciferase)
Benefits of Biotechnology. 6 billion people live on earth Each has the same basic needs Some have what they need, some do not.
Done By: Wei Li (3), Channe (6), Hang Bin (14), Anders (19) Biotechnology.
BIOTECHNOLOGY Technology based on a __________system or ___________ organism Uses organisms to solve real world ________ problems _____________ ______________.
Biotechnology is the use of biological systems, such as microorganisms, whole cells or their molecules, to solve problems or to make useful products.
Biotechnology Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human.
Biotechnology AFNR – BAS – 8 How is biotechnology used in agriculture?
USING BIOTECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE LIFE AGRISCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office July, 2002.
Introduction to Biotechnology. What is Biotechnology? Biotechnology is the manipulation of living organisms and organic material to serve human needs.
Unit 1: Introduction to Agriculture. Objectives 1.1 Define terminology 1.2 Determine the impact of agriculture on Arkansas' economy. (rice, soybeans,
Practical Applications of Biotechnology 1.Bioprocessing technology Uses whole living cells or components of them to manufacture desired products. Most.
Biotechnology Is simply introducing foreign DNA into an organism in order to modify the organism’s DNA to produce a better desired result.
Genetic Engineering. Genetic engineering is defined as the manipulation or alteration of the genetic structure of a single cell or organism. This refers.
Objective 3.02 Understand biotechnology in the plant industry.
Biotechnology. What Is Biotechnology? Using scientific methods with organisms to produce or modify new products or new forms of organisms Used to improve.
Biotechnology Foundations of Technology Standard 15 Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use agricultural and related biotechnologies.
Section 4-5 What is the future of evolution? Genetic Engineering.
Key Concepts What are three ways of producing organisms with desired traits? What is the goal of the Human Genome Project?
Biotechnology. Selective Breeding Nonrandom mating to select for characteristics in parents that are desired in the offspring. Eg. Breeding domestic animals,
Objective 8.01: Define terminology related to biotechnology.
Genetically Modified Foods ?. From Cross-Breeding to Genetic Engineering Farmers have used artificial selection (Cross-Breeding) to develop genetically.
The simple addition, deletion, or manipulation of a single trait in an organism to create a desired change.
Ch. 13 Genetic Engineering Students know how genetic engineering is used to produce novel biomedical and agricultural products.
Genetically Modified Organisms Miss Schwippert Biology.
Biotechnology Unlocking the secrets of life. What is Biotechnology? Definition: The use of living organisms to make or improve a product –Bio (life)
Unit B 4-5 Animal Science and the Industry. Problem Area 4 Understanding Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology.
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