Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20 REGULATIONS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. Regulations Are intended to allow us to safely use the benefits of biotech. Help in developing and using biotech."— Presentation transcript:
Regulations Are intended to allow us to safely use the benefits of biotech. Help in developing and using biotech products and services.
Nature and Purposes of Regulations Regulation- a law, principle, or other directive. Regulations apply to the production, sale, and use of biotech products. GMO-genetically modified organism.
Regulations GMOs are carefully tested and documented before products are available. GMOs must be labeled and used according to instructions.
Regulations Users must have prescribed training and sign contracts. Agricultural producers must segregate GMO crops from other crops.
Purposes of Regulations Regulations are designed to protect people, other living organisms, and the environment They help those who are inclined not to do the right thing to follow acceptable procedures
Purposes Some nations refuse to accept GMO grain, cotton, and animal products. Harvested crops must be kept separate Overall purpose is to protect.
Agencies Agencies that regulate biotech are at the federal, state, and local levels. State and local level regulations vary, but not violate those of the federal government.
Who makes Regulations Made by 3 branches of the federal government –Legislative –Executive –Judicial
Legislative Regulations are rooted in the laws enacted by the Congress of the United States. Once passed by Congress, the president must sign approving the law.
Executive Executive branch can issue executive orders that influence biotech. Only president has the authority to issue these
Responsible Agencies Three agencies in the federal govt have primary responsibilities for administering laws related to biotech.
The USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture Decide whether products are safe to use on cultured crops or animals.
The EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Its role is to assure quality environment.
The FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration It is responsible for all laws that are designed to assure the safety of food and drugs.
Getting a product approved Application forms must include reports of all testing needed to gain approval. Some products are granted only for experimental purposes.
Permits Permit-a written approval granted by the appropriate government agency. Permits are needed to introduce products that are regulated.
Permits Regulated Organism-one that has been genetically engineered. Permits are needed to transport regulated organisms.
The Federal Register The official document of the U.S. government for informing the public about the regulation of biotech products. Web site- www.aphis.usda.gov/biotechnology/
Organizations Organizations provide guidelines and opportunities for communication among biotechnologists. Dont have authority to regulate the use of biotech products.
Bio Biotechnology Industry Organization Largest trade organization Provides leadership & guidance to help its members advance the overall industry.
Area of Leadership One area of leadership by BIO is bioethics. BIO promotes informed citizens Programs to promote the study of biotech to students
CBC Council of Biotechnology Centers Membership made up of research and development centers
CBC CBC is intended to provide dialogue among individuals with shared interests in biotechnology.
Ethics and Regulations Regulations are to protect people. Regulations need to be changed when the interfere with people gaining benefits for biotech.
International Perspective Nation benefit differently from biotechnology Nations are classified as developing or developed.
International Perspective Developing nation-one that has low levels of economic activity. Have low standards of living and quality of life Developed nation-one that is highly industrial
Free Enterprise Companies in biotech development are in business to make a profit. The benefit of people and welfare of a company may conflict
Confidentiality Confidentiality-keeping information secret or private Confidential business information(CBI)-applications to government agencies to gain approval to transport or release a regulated organism
Confidentiality Info is protected & not released to insure that the investment of the company is protected Info known as trade secrets