Presentation on theme: "The Large Animal Industry. The Meat Industry zEach year the average person in this country consumes 97 pounds of beef and veal, 64 pounds of pork, and."— Presentation transcript:
The Large Animal Industry
The Meat Industry zEach year the average person in this country consumes 97 pounds of beef and veal, 64 pounds of pork, and 90 pounds of poultry
The Meat Industry zVery few nations in the world even come close to us in the per capita consumption of meat.
The meat industry zOur land is well suited for the production of animals. zAmericans spend a small portion of their income on food when compared with the rest of the world.
The meat industry zCritics say Americans are wasteful in feeding several pounds of feed to animals in return for a pound of meat. Grains fed to animals could be better used to feed people.
The meat industry zProducers argue that the land on which animals are grazed could be used for little else. Almost half of the land in this country is unsuitable for raising crops.
The meat industry Grains used for fattening livestock are not considered good for human consumption
The meat industry zAgriculture animals also make use of by-products for feed.
The meat industry Meat is very dense in nutrients, a pound of meat may equal or surpass the nutritive content of the feed that produced it. Meat is among the most nutritionally complete food that we eat.
The beef industry zOver three quarters of the cash receipts for marketing of meat animals come from the sale of beef. zThe average size beef herd is around 100 head.
The beef industry zIn the US there are over forty different breeds as well as many crosses of these breeds.
The beef Industry zThe breed produced may be selected on many different criteria:
The beef Industry zdisease resistance, heat tolerance, mothering ability, feed efficiency, size, temperament, or color.
The beef industry zBreeds of beef cattle are broken into three categories or groups
British- zAngus, Hereford, Shorthorn, these were the first breeds brought into this country, they represent the largest segment of the beef industry.
Continental European zLimousin, Simmental, Charolais, Chianina, desired for their size and ability to grow
Zebu Breeds zScientifically classified as Bos indicus, the most common type of Zebu is the Braham.
Zebu Breeds z Other breeds developed form this line include; Brangus, Simbrah, Santa Gertrudis and Beefmaster.