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Basic Networking With: Kevin Walker and Troy Cormier.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Networking With: Kevin Walker and Troy Cormier."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Networking With: Kevin Walker and Troy Cormier

2 Two Types of Networks Peer to Peer Client Server

3 Peer to Peer Networks In peer to peer networks, there are no dedicated servers. Each computer in this type of network can act as both as a client and a server. There is no central security. (users may set passwords to protect shared resources) Peer to peer networks are called workgroups. Peer to peer networks are for small groups of people. Windows 3.11 for Workgroups, Windows 95/98, Windows NT Workstation can be used in peer to peer networks.

4 Client Server Networks
Servers are computers that share files, printers, or other resources. Clients are computers that use the server’s shared resources. In a client server network the servers are not used as workstations and are dedicated to sharing it’s resources. The computers that are used as servers in this type of network are optimized to quickly service share requests and ensure the security of the shared resources. There is central security. (uniform administration from a central location) Windows 3.11 for Workgroups, Windows 95/98, Windows NT Workstation, Windows NT Server, and Novell can be used in Client Server Networks.

5 Types of cabling (Coax, Cat 5, Fiber)
Network Connections Network Cards Types of cabling (Coax, Cat 5, Fiber) Hubs / Switches

6 Network Interface Card
Commonly called Nic Are built into most Brand Name PC’s Can be different speeds 10 / 100 Have link lights to tell you if they are connected to the network Can have connect to different types of network cables. (Coax, Cat5, Fiber)

7 Network Cable Types Coax Cat 5 Fiber

8 Is a the slowest network
Coax Network Cable Coax - 555ft length limit. Connected in series. Prone to failures Is a the slowest network

9 Is connected in parallel by Hubs or Switches
Cat 5 cable Cat ft length limit. Is connected in parallel by Hubs or Switches Speed can be 10 or 100 mb Very relilable

10 Fiber Network Cable Fiber - For extremely long network runs the other cables can not make (to connect 2 buildings) Fastest network cable.

11 Hubs Are used to connect computers on a network that are using Cat 5 network cable. (Are a junction box) Can be daisy chained to add more access points to the network. (generally you do not want to go more than 3 hubs deep) Can join coax, cat5 and fiber networks (depending on hub features) Can be 100 mb or 10 mb (talk about the way data is sent over network)

12 Switches Can be used to connect multiple hubs to a network.
Cause less traffic on the network. (talk about the way Switches send data over network)

13 Working with Windows 95/98 on a network
Steps to join a peer to peer workgroup Right mouse click on Network neighborhood Left mouse click on properties Left mouse click on identification Set the computer name (8 characters all computers different name) Set the workgroup (all computers in the workgroup must have the same workgroup name)

14 Steps to be able to share printers and files on Windows 95/98
1. Right mouse click on Network Neighborhood 2. Left mouse click on properties 3. Left mouse click on the file and print sharing button 4. Put a check in I want to be able to give others access to my files. 5. Put a check in I want to allow others to print to my printer. 6. Left mouse click on ok 7. Left mouse click on ok 8.Type in the location of your Windows cabs 9. Left mouse click on ok 10. Left mouse click on yes when it asks you to keep the existing files 11. Reboot computer

15 Steps to Sharing a folder or Drive
1. Double click on my computer 2. Navigate to the folder or drive you want to share 3. Right mouse click on the folder you want to share 4. Left mouse click on sharing 5. Left mouse click on shared as 6. Type a share name in the shared as blank (8 characters or less) 7. Assign the rights you want for this folder (read only, full, or depends on password) 8. Left mouse click on apply 9. Left mouse click on ok

16 Steps to Share a printer
1. Left mouse click on the start button 2. Left mouse click on Settings 3. Left mouse click on printers 4. Right mouse click on the printer you want to share 5. Left mouse click on sharing 6. Click on shared as 7. Type the name you’d like to assign this printer shared (less than 8 charaters, all one word) 8. Left mouse click on apply 9. Left mouse click on ok 10. This printer is now available on the network. (Please note some of the HPDeskjet 700 and other brands, will not work right as shared printers consult your manual)

17 Steps to Find a Shared Resource on the Network
1. You need to know the name of the computer that is sharing the resource. To find this: on the computer that is sharing the folder or printer Right mouse click on network neighborhood Left mouse click on properties Left mouse click on identification tab What is typed in the Computer name blank is the computer name. Once you have this you can cancel out of this screen Now go to the computer that you want to connect to this shared resource with 2. Left mouse click on the start button 3. Left mouse click on find 4. Left mouse click on computer 5. Type the computer name in the named blank 6. Double click on the computer name that is the correct one you want

18 Steps to Find a Shared Resource on the Network Connecting to a Folder or Drive
7. To connect to a folder or drive : Right mouse click on the drive or folder you want to map Left mouse click on map network drive Choose the drive letter you want to use to connect to in the pull down box Place a check mark in the Reconnect at logon only if you wish to always have this folder mapped. You can now access this folder from MY Computer

19 Steps to Find a Shared Resource on the Network Mapping a printer
8. To connect to a printer: Double click on the printer. A “before you can use the printer message will come up and it will ask you if you want to set up the printer and continue this operation. Left mouse click yes. Left mouse click on next Type in the name you would like to call this new printer Left mouse click next Left mouse click on finish It will print out a test page You now can print to this network printer

20 Setting Up Internet on Your computer if you are on a school internet (Determining TCPIP Network type) TCPIP – Transport Connection Protocol Internet Protocol You must first find out from your network administrator if your network has static or dynamic TCPIP addresses. Each computer on your network must have a unique TCPIP address. (Like a House address) The Two Types of TCPIP Addresses are: Static Tcpip addresses are permanently assigned. You will need to ask your network admin for an open address. Dynamic: addresses are assigned temporarily by a DHCP Server.

21 Setting up Internet for a DHCP TCPIP Network
You must have a working network card installed in your pc. You must have a link light on your network card. (signifying a good network connection) 1. Right mouse click on network neighborhood 2. Left mouse click on Properties 3. If there is a dial up adapter listed (if not go to step 4) a. Left mouse click on Dial up adapter b. Left mouse click on remove 4. Left mouse click on add 5. Left mouse click on Protocol (it will be highlighted in blue) 6. Left mouse click on add 7. In the left column left mouse click on Microsoft ( it will be highlighted blue) 8. In the right column left mouse click on TCP/IP 9. Left mouse click on Ok 10. Left mouse click on Ok (you will need your windows 95 / 98 cd. 11. Click no to any request to keep an existing file you already have on the computer 12. Reboot the computer Test your connection by loading your internet browser and going to a web site.

22 Setting up Internet for a Static Tcpip Network Page 1 of 3
Get the following information from your Network Administrator: a. An Open TCIP address, and the subnet mask you will use. b. The DNS (Domain name server) that your network uses c. The gateway on your network d. The Domain for your network You must have a working network card installed in your pc. You must have a link light on your network card. (signifying a good network connection) 1. Right mouse click on network neighborhood 2. Left mouse click on Properties 3. If there is a dial up adapter listed (if not go to step 4) a. Left mouse click on Dial up adapter b. Left mouse click on remove 4. Left mouse click on add 5. Left mouse click on Protocol (it will be highlighted in blue) 6. Left mouse click on add 7. In the left column left mouse click on Microsoft ( it will be highlighted blue) 8. In the right column left mouse click on TCP/IP 9. Left mouse click on Ok

23 Setting up Internet for a Static Tcpip Network Page 2 of 3
Left mouse click on TCP/IP (it will be highlighted blue) Left mouse click on properties Left mouse click on Specify an ip address Type in the TCPIP address your network administrator assigned you. In the Subnet Mask blank type in the subnet mask your network administrator assigned you. (usually ) Left mouse click on the DNS Configuration tab Left mouse click on Enable DNS In the host blank type in user In the Domain Blank type in the Domain your network administrator assigned you Left mouse click in the blank below DNS Server Search order. Type in the DNS Server your network administrator assigned you Left mouse click on add Left mouse click on the gateway tab Left mouse click on the blank under New Gateway Type in the gateway address your network administrator assigned you. Left mouse click on add

24 Setting up Internet for a Static Tcpip Network Page 3 of 3
Left mouse click on ok You might need your Windows 95/98 cd Click no to any request to keep an existing file you already have on the computer Reboot the computer Test your connection by loading your internet browser and going to a web site.

25 Setting Your Browser for the a Proxy Server on your Schools Network (Page 1 of 2)
Why you want to setup your pc to use proxy: Sites load faster (great for presentations) {be sure to visit the site you are going to present before the class.} Less network traffic Install the most recent Internet Explorer before you setup proxy. Find out from your network Administrator your proxy server settings. Setting up your browser: (Internet explorer 5 or later) Double Click on Internet Explorer Left mouse click on Tools Left mouse click on Internet options Left mouse click on Connections In the Local area network Lan settings box (left mouse click on Lan Settings)

26 Setting Your Browser for the a Proxy Server on your Schools Network (Page 2 of 2)
Left mouse click in the Use a proxy server box Left mouse click in the Address box Type in the address of the proxy server (from your network administrator) Left mouse click in the Port box Type in the port of your proxy server (from your network administrator) Left mouse click on ok Try to go to an internet site. If it doesn’t load there is a problem with your proxy settings, or the proxy server is not running.

27 Windows NT Server Administration (Creating users on the server){part 1 of 2}
Login to the server with an account that has administration rights Left mouse click on the start button Left mouse click on programs Left mouse click on Administration tools Left mouse click to User Manager for domains Left mouse click on user Left mouse click on new user In the username blank type in the user name you want to assign (8 characters, all one word, lower case) In full name blank type in the full name of the user (you don’t have to use this) In the Description Blank type in a description of the account you are creating In the password blank type in the password you want to use (all lower case, a mixture of letters and numbers not easily guessable) In the confirm password blank type in the same password Remove the check mark from User must change Password at next logon Place a check mark next to User cannot change password Place a check mark next to Password never expires

28 Windows NT Server Administration (Creating users on the server){part 2 of 2}
To add this account to groups: Left mouse click on the groups button Left mouse click on the groups in right box you would like this user to be a member of Left mouse click on Add to add them to the Member of group Once you’ve added the user to the groups you want left mouse click on ok Left mouse click on add This user is now a user on the Windows NT Server

29 Windows NT Server Sharing a folder or a drive (Page 1 of 2)
Double Click on My Computer Navigate to the folder or the drive you would like to share Right mouse click on the drive or folder you would like to share Left mouse click on Sharing Left mouse click on Shared as Type in a share name (8 letters no spaces, if you put a $ after the share name it will be hidden) Left mouse click on permissions (Talk about permissions and adding the access it allows) Left mouse click on add (it comes up in the groups available) You can select the group you want to add access to, or if you want to just give a user access you have to click on the show users button. Choose the user or the group you want to give access to Choose the access level you would like to give this user or group (pull down box) Left mouse click on ok

30 Windows NT Server Sharing a folder or a drive (Page 2 of 2)
Next a Access Through Share Permissions box will pop up You can select a user or group (change their access, remove them, or give another user or group access to this share) Left mouse click on ok Left mouse click on Apply

31 Windows NT Server Sharing a Printer
Left mouse click on the start button Left mouse click on settings Left mouse click on printers Right mouse click on the printer you want to share Left mouse click on Sharing Left mouse click on Shared Type in a share name in the share name blank (8characters, all together) Left mouse click on any alternate drivers you would like to have on the server (so other operating systems can get their drivers from the server) By default the system only installs Windows NT Drivers Left mouse click on ok (You may need your Windows NT Diskette, Windows 95/98 Cd, or the Drivers diskette from the manufacturer of the printer) Left mouse click on ok (you will see a hand under the printer to indicate it is shared)

32 Trouble Shooting Networks (Part 1 of 2)
Coax Network - Check connectors to make sure they twisted together good. Check to make there is not a break in the line Check to make sure that the terminators have not been removed. Cat 5 Network – Check for link light Check for a link light on the hub Check color code on network cable Watch for breaks in the cable Trouble shooting your Frame relay link with Rapides Parish School Board Make sure the hubs are powered up Ping the gateway at your school (10.school number.1.1) (at a dos prompt type in ping 10.school number.1.1) If the gateway doesn’t respond then there is a problem at your location Power off and on the hubs, and CSUDSU (where the frame comes in the building)

33 Trouble Shooting Networks (Part 2 of 2)
Ping the gateway at the school board office ( ) (at a dos prompt type in ping ) If the school board gateway does not respond there is a problem with the frame relay Ping a web site out side of School board Network (www.yahoo.com) (at a dos prompt type in ping If you do not get a response then LaNet is down

34 Useful Websites - network card drivers, network utilities - network utilities,support forums (How do I section, networks and servers) - Teacher resources, Lesson Plans – Student information systems - Help and howtos - many different programs -educational, the magazine - discussion groups, search resources, personal home pages


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