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World War II An Overview. Germany Defeated Germany was defeated in World War I Germany was defeated in World War I Germany was forced to sign the Treaty.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II An Overview. Germany Defeated Germany was defeated in World War I Germany was defeated in World War I Germany was forced to sign the Treaty."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II An Overview

2 Germany Defeated Germany was defeated in World War I Germany was defeated in World War I Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles Many Germans believed that the treaty was too harsh Many Germans believed that the treaty was too harsh Germany had to pay about 33 billion dollars in reparations Germany had to pay about 33 billion dollars in reparations The German economy was suffering The German economy was suffering

3 The Rise of Hitler Rise Hitler believed Germany had been betrayed Hitler believed Germany had been betrayed Hitler joined the National Socialist German Workers (NAZI) Party Hitler joined the National Socialist German Workers (NAZI) Party Hitler led an unsuccessful uprising in Munich Hitler led an unsuccessful uprising in Munich Hitler organized the Brown Shirts Hitler organized the Brown Shirts Hitler placed people in high places and got the Enabling Act passed Hitler placed people in high places and got the Enabling Act passed Hitler used the Gestapo and became Fuhrer Hitler used the Gestapo and became Fuhrer

4 Pacifism Europe had suffered in World War I Europe had suffered in World War I The European economy had not yet stabilized The European economy had not yet stabilized To avoid another war, England tried to pacify Hitler by allowing him to take control of Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia To avoid another war, England tried to pacify Hitler by allowing him to take control of Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia Six months later, Germany seized the rest of Czechoslovakia Six months later, Germany seized the rest of Czechoslovakia

5 Isolationism Meanwhile, the United States was trying to recover from the Great Depression Meanwhile, the United States was trying to recover from the Great Depression The U.S. did not want to get involved The U.S. did not want to get involved The United States was geographically removed from the fighting The United States was geographically removed from the fighting

6 Other isms Nationalism- Putting the needs of the nation first Nationalism- Putting the needs of the nation first Fascism- Mussolinis belief in how government should rule. It allowed private business, but under the strict control of government Fascism- Mussolinis belief in how government should rule. It allowed private business, but under the strict control of government Imperialism- Trying to be King of the Hill Imperialism- Trying to be King of the Hill

7 Hitler Begins Invasion Begins Hitler invaded Poland in 1939 Hitler invaded Poland in 1939 France and England declared war France and England declared war Within a year France was conquered and England was besieged Within a year France was conquered and England was besieged A year later Germany invaded the Soviet Union A year later Germany invaded the Soviet Union By 1943 most of Europe was under German control By 1943 most of Europe was under German control

8 Blitzkrieg Lightning Warfare Lightning Warfare Tanks, armored trucks, and half-trucks Tanks, armored trucks, and half-trucks Luftwaffe (German air force) Luftwaffe (German air force) The idea was to overwhelm the enemy and break their forces into smaller units so they could be more easily defeated The idea was to overwhelm the enemy and break their forces into smaller units so they could be more easily defeated

9 Battle of Britain Battle of Britain When France surrendered, Great Britain stood alone When France surrendered, Great Britain stood alone The Luftwaffe began bombing raids The Luftwaffe began bombing raids British pilots inflicted heavy losses, Luftwaffe pulls out British pilots inflicted heavy losses, Luftwaffe pulls out Hitler attacked the cities (Blitz) Hitler attacked the cities (Blitz) Estimated 30,000 killed Estimated 30,000 killed Britain never surrendered Britain never surrendered

10 Taking Europe by a Storm Hitler invaded Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, and Luxembourg Hitler invaded Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, and Luxembourg Hitler finds an ally in Italys Mussolini Hitler finds an ally in Italys Mussolini Italy declares war on Britain and France Italy declares war on Britain and France Spain still trying to recover from civil war Spain still trying to recover from civil war The Germans overran Yugoslavia and Greece The Germans overran Yugoslavia and Greece

11 Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 at 7:55 am Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 at 7:55 am America declares war the next day America declares war the next day Japan was a fast ally of Germany Japan was a fast ally of Germany Hitler declares war on the United States Hitler declares war on the United States

12 Attack Shocks U.S. In less than two hours, the Japanese sank or damaged all eight battleships and destroyed almost two hundred planes In less than two hours, the Japanese sank or damaged all eight battleships and destroyed almost two hundred planes They killed nearly 2,400 American servicemen They killed nearly 2,400 American servicemen President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7 a date which will live in infamy President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7 a date which will live in infamy

13 U. S. Economy Nation joins together Nation joins together Many women go to work Many women go to work Industrialism on the rise creating war products Industrialism on the rise creating war products Increase in technology Increase in technology Recycling and rationing become necessary Recycling and rationing become necessary

14 The Flying Tigers The Flying Tigers were an elite team of fighting pilots that were secretly organized to protect the Burma Road in China The Flying Tigers were an elite team of fighting pilots that were secretly organized to protect the Burma Road in China They helped boost the American morale after Pearl Harbor They helped boost the American morale after Pearl Harbor In just 7 months the group destroyed at least 286 Japanese planes In just 7 months the group destroyed at least 286 Japanese planes

15 D-Day The U.S. set up a fake attack at Calais that pulled the German forces to that area The U.S. set up a fake attack at Calais that pulled the German forces to that area In the early morning hours of June 6, 1944, three Allied airborne divisions parachuted behind enemy lines In the early morning hours of June 6, 1944, three Allied airborne divisions parachuted behind enemy lines Under the command of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower 175,000 troops, spread out over 5 beaches, invaded Normandy Under the command of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower 175,000 troops, spread out over 5 beaches, invaded Normandy By September they had cleared France of German troops By September they had cleared France of German troops

16 The Battle of the Bulge By the end of 1944, Allied armies had swept through France and Belgium and were at the borders of Germany. By the end of 1944, Allied armies had swept through France and Belgium and were at the borders of Germany. The Germans drove a 60-mile bulge through American lines The Germans drove a 60-mile bulge through American lines It was a costly victory for the American army, suffering almost 80,000 casualties It was a costly victory for the American army, suffering almost 80,000 casualties German casualties numbered more than 100,000 German casualties numbered more than 100,000

17 The End April 30, 1945 Hitler kills himself April 30, 1945 Hitler kills himself Mussolini and his girlfriend are found trying to enter Germany. They are shot and hung in the public square. Mussolini and his girlfriend are found trying to enter Germany. They are shot and hung in the public square. May 8 is celebrated as V-E Day (Victory in Europe) May 8 is celebrated as V-E Day (Victory in Europe)

18 Top Secret Hitler had obtained a method for encrypting the German armys messages Hitler had obtained a method for encrypting the German armys messages It was called Enigma and referred to as Glowworm It was called Enigma and referred to as Glowworm Great Britain was able to break the code Great Britain was able to break the code The decoding was known as Ultra The decoding was known as Ultra The U.S. used Navajo Indians to use their native language so that messages could not be understood by the enemy The U.S. used Navajo Indians to use their native language so that messages could not be understood by the enemy They Native Americans were known as The Navajo Code Talkers They Native Americans were known as The Navajo Code Talkers

19 The Biggest Ism Racism- against the Jews, Blacks, Indians, Gypsies, Poles, physically and mentally handicapped, Jehovahs Witnesses, priests, Protestant clergy, criminals, modern artists, and anyone else not fitting the image Racism- against the Jews, Blacks, Indians, Gypsies, Poles, physically and mentally handicapped, Jehovahs Witnesses, priests, Protestant clergy, criminals, modern artists, and anyone else not fitting the image Hitler was not the only one guilty of racism Hitler was not the only one guilty of racism

20 Atomic Bomb Atomic Bomb Successfully tested July 16, 1945 Successfully tested July 16, 1945 On August 6, a B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped historys first atomic bomb, Little Boy, on the city of Hiroshima On August 6, a B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped historys first atomic bomb, Little Boy, on the city of Hiroshima Three days later a second bomber, Bockscar, dropped Fat Man on Nagasaki Three days later a second bomber, Bockscar, dropped Fat Man on Nagasaki This bomb was originally intended for Kyushu, but foul weather sent them to Nagasaki This bomb was originally intended for Kyushu, but foul weather sent them to Nagasaki An estimated 110,000 were killed from the bombings, another 130,000 were injured, and by 1950 another 230,000 had died from injuries and radiation An estimated 110,000 were killed from the bombings, another 130,000 were injured, and by 1950 another 230,000 had died from injuries and radiation Japan surrendered on August 14, 1945, and World War II was over Japan surrendered on August 14, 1945, and World War II was over


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