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Biomes. One of the Earths large ecosystems, with its climate, soil, plants, and animals.

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Presentation on theme: "Biomes. One of the Earths large ecosystems, with its climate, soil, plants, and animals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biomes

2 One of the Earths large ecosystems, with its climate, soil, plants, and animals.

3 Climate Zone A region that has the same patterns of temperature, rainfall, and sunlight

4 Tropical Rain Forest Location: Near Equator Climate: Hot, Humid, Lots of Rainfall Soil: Poor Soil Plants: Wide variety of plants Animals: Reptiles, amphibians, mammals, etc. Important Characteristics: Most complicated food web

5 Little sunlight and water penetrates the thick canopy (tons of trees)

6 Deciduous Forest Location: Every continent except Africa and Antarctica Climate: Hot summers, cold winters Soil: Rich soil Plants: Many kinds of trees that lose leaves every fall Animals: All types Important Characteristics: We live here Deciduous means decay

7 Grasslands Location: All continents except Antarctica Climate: Rainfall irregular, cool winters, hot summers Soil: Rich Soil Plants: Grass, Small Shrubs, Farmlands Animals: Small animals, large herds Important Characteristics: Important for world agriculture

8 Bread basket of the world Most crops are grown there (wheat and oats)

9 Desert Location: Midlatitudes Climate: Little precipitation, very hot\ Soil: Sandy and rocky Plants: very little plants, cacti Animals: Reptiles, small mammals Important Characteristics: Plants grow deep roots to find scarce water

10 Sahara Desert

11 Taiga Location: Northern Hemisphere (Europe, Asia, North America) Climate: Cool Soil: Mineral Poor Soil Plants: Forest with numerous conifers (evergreens) Animals: Birds, wolves, bears Important Characteristics: Covers 11% of Earths land

12 Tundra Location: Far North Climate: Cold all year long Soil: Spongy Topsoil- permafrost (permanently frozen) Plants: Treeless, small plants that have short growing seasons Animals: Caribou, polar bears, etc Important Characteristic: No sunlight during the winter

13 Three types of water ecosystems Saltwater, Freshwater, Brackish Water (Estuaries)

14 Intertidal Zone Area near the edge of the ocean where organisms must be able to live on land and water

15 Animals Crabs, clams, sea stars

16 Zone has most organisms More sunlight Producers Consumers Shelter

17 Near-shore Zone After the intertidal zone with calm waters

18 Open-Ocean Zone The deepest, biggest part of the ocean

19 Phytoplankton Microscopic Algae

20 Zooplankton Tiny herbivores

21 Freshwater Lakes, streams, rivers, ponds Animals: Frogs, turtles

22 Characteristics They cannot live in salt water

23 Estuary An ecosystem with a mixture of fresh and salt water

24 Why not? They cannot live in shallow waters

25 Harmed by human activity Close to the mouths of the rivers, where ships and boats travel Close to ocean where people live and vacation

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