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CHOA at Egleston Code Blue Procedures Updated November 2008 by Leah Hatfield PharmD, BCPS.

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Presentation on theme: "CHOA at Egleston Code Blue Procedures Updated November 2008 by Leah Hatfield PharmD, BCPS."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHOA at Egleston Code Blue Procedures Updated November 2008 by Leah Hatfield PharmD, BCPS

2 Objectives Familiarize the pharmacist with the activities that occur during a Code Blue Familiarize the pharmacist with the activities that occur during a Code Blue Identify the procedures followed during a Code Blue Identify the procedures followed during a Code Blue Delineate the role of the pharmacist as a team member during Code Blue Delineate the role of the pharmacist as a team member during Code Blue Evaluate appropriate conduct during Code Blue events Evaluate appropriate conduct during Code Blue events

3 Why Should Pharmacists Participate in Code Blue? Use of medications is inherent Use of medications is inherent Increases likelihood of safe and correct prep and administration Increases likelihood of safe and correct prep and administration Preparation of IV medication falls under purview and expertise of pharmacists Preparation of IV medication falls under purview and expertise of pharmacists Dynamic and highly interactive part of optimal pharmaceutical care Dynamic and highly interactive part of optimal pharmaceutical care

4 Crash Cart Locations Always know location of crash cart on your unit and in the trauma rooms Always know location of crash cart on your unit and in the trauma rooms Replacement medication trays are kept in both ICU and Main pharmacy Replacement medication trays are kept in both ICU and Main pharmacy New trays are needed post-code when cart is cleaned and meds and instruments replaced New trays are needed post-code when cart is cleaned and meds and instruments replaced

5 CHOA ECH Crash Cart Cart Records Defibrillator Med Labels Lock Device Airway and Respiratory Equipment Oxygen Canister

6 ECH Crash Cart Components TwinPaks Needles Tape Small Syringes Large Syringes Scissors Pens Medication Tray Nursing Supplies and Equipment

7 CHOA ECH Code Bag Flushes and Labels Medications and Syringes Drug Info Calculator

8 ECH Code Bag Components Electrolytes Mannitol Hi Dose EPI Antibiotics Flushes and Labels Fluid Bags Premix Bags Syringes Writing Pen Alcohol Swabs Dispensing Pin Spikes TwinPaks Needles Filters Small Vial Meds Large Vial Meds Heparins

9 Attending a Code Blue Notification Notification Overhead PA system Overhead PA system Phone call to pharmacy Phone call to pharmacy ALWAYS take the Code Bag! ALWAYS take the Code Bag! Reach site of code Reach site of code Take stairs when possible, use fastest route Take stairs when possible, use fastest route Enter room / area and immediately identify yourself to staff already in attendance Enter room / area and immediately identify yourself to staff already in attendance

10 Pharmacist Procedures Ask for patients code sheet Ask for patients code sheet Place where it can be readily viewed Place where it can be readily viewed Open code bag so supplies are accessible Open code bag so supplies are accessible Open med tray in crash cart Open med tray in crash cart Notify individuals using crash cart that you will handle medications Notify individuals using crash cart that you will handle medications Ask for assistance if overwhelmed Ask for assistance if overwhelmed

11 Pharmacist Procedures Try to gather synopsis of what happened Try to gather synopsis of what happened Patients age/ history Patients age/ history Events leading up to code Events leading up to code Weight and allergies Weight and allergies Identify physician running code Identify physician running code Identify code recorder Identify code recorder

12 Pharmacist Procedures Stand by tray and code bag Stand by tray and code bag Be sure to stay in sight and earshot of MD running the code Be sure to stay in sight and earshot of MD running the code Try to be in view of ECG monitor if possible Try to be in view of ECG monitor if possible

13 Syringe Preparation When you arrive, prepare epinephrine syringe and label immediately When you arrive, prepare epinephrine syringe and label immediately Unwrap and/or draw up several NS flushes Unwrap and/or draw up several NS flushes Use the most appropriate syringe size for dose based on code sheet Use the most appropriate syringe size for dose based on code sheet

14 Syringe Preparation CHOA is a needle-less healthcare system CHOA is a needle-less healthcare system You may use needles to draw up meds if necessary You may use needles to draw up meds if necessary ALWAYS replace needles with blunt tip cannulas before handing of to RN or MD ALWAYS replace needles with blunt tip cannulas before handing of to RN or MD Use Twinpaks (needle and cannula device) Use Twinpaks (needle and cannula device) Use blunt cannulas on larger vials Use blunt cannulas on larger vials Use syringe connectors if easier Use syringe connectors if easier

15 Use of TwinPak Device

16 Pharmacist Procedures Obtain IV meds, solutions, syringes, and needles from bag / cart when requested Obtain IV meds, solutions, syringes, and needles from bag / cart when requested Stay focused and listen for requests Stay focused and listen for requests May repeat back if uncertain you heard clearly May repeat back if uncertain you heard clearly Try to think one step ahead Try to think one step ahead Prepare additional doses of meds if necessary Prepare additional doses of meds if necessary

17 Dispensing Medications Draw up requested meds, assemble syringes, exchange needles if necessary Draw up requested meds, assemble syringes, exchange needles if necessary Label meds with appropriate stickers immediately Label meds with appropriate stickers immediately Step to bedside once med is ready Step to bedside once med is ready Loudly read name and dose of medication as you hand to administering RN or MD Loudly read name and dose of medication as you hand to administering RN or MD Ensures correct med is being dispensed Ensures correct med is being dispensed Double-check that correct med is administered Double-check that correct med is administered

18 Dispensing Medications Return to stand by medication tray Return to stand by medication tray Record meds and time administered if possible Record meds and time administered if possible Make sure recorder has correct records at the end of the code Make sure recorder has correct records at the end of the code Draw up another syringe of medication just used if appropriate Draw up another syringe of medication just used if appropriate

19 Helpful Hints Code sheets spell out EXACT amounts of medications needed Code sheets spell out EXACT amounts of medications needed Preparation instructions and reminders Preparation instructions and reminders Keep track of what youve used Keep track of what youve used MD may ask how many doses have already been given MD may ask how many doses have already been given Watch timing between doses of epi (3-5 mins) Watch timing between doses of epi (3-5 mins) Recorder should corroborate counts of meds and timing for records Recorder should corroborate counts of meds and timing for records

20 Helpful Hints Wearing gloves in a Code Blue situation is not mandatory, but be careful! Wearing gloves in a Code Blue situation is not mandatory, but be careful! Be aware that you could be exposed to blood or bodily fluids Be aware that you could be exposed to blood or bodily fluids Know where to find gloves and keep some nearby in case necessary Know where to find gloves and keep some nearby in case necessary If you use needles or other sharps: If you use needles or other sharps: Re-cap used needles and sharps, place in safe spot out of your way to prevent accidental sticks or injuries Re-cap used needles and sharps, place in safe spot out of your way to prevent accidental sticks or injuries Dispose properly at the end of the code Dispose properly at the end of the code

21 Professional Conduct Always remain focused on MD running the code, listen for requests Always remain focused on MD running the code, listen for requests Watch and be aware of events going on around you Watch and be aware of events going on around you Be courteous to others using cart Be courteous to others using cart

22 Professional Conduct NEVER leave a code that is in progress! NEVER leave a code that is in progress! If additional supplies or help are needed there are always extra bystanders: If additional supplies or help are needed there are always extra bystanders: Send extra RNs to Pyxis Send extra RNs to Pyxis Have someone call pharmacy for back-up Have someone call pharmacy for back-up Send someone to tube to retrieve meds Send someone to tube to retrieve meds Send someone to pharmacy to retrieve meds Send someone to pharmacy to retrieve meds

23 Professional Conduct End of Code End of Code Always ask permission to leave Always ask permission to leave Make sure all medication needs are complete Make sure all medication needs are complete Clean up your area Clean up your area Dispose of trash Dispose of trash Sharps to appropriate container Sharps to appropriate container

24 Conclusion Remember to take a deep breath and pause to think when necessary Remember to take a deep breath and pause to think when necessary Always remain calm and in control Always remain calm and in control Each code you attend will be different Each code you attend will be different Participation becomes easier with each time you attend Participation becomes easier with each time you attend You are an important asset to a team that may save a childs life!!! You are an important asset to a team that may save a childs life!!!


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