Presentation on theme: "Universidad autónoma de Chiriquí Escuela de emergencias medica Facultad de medicina Subjet: Scientific english Abbreviations: 120b Instructor: Marisol."— Presentation transcript:
Universidad autónoma de Chiriquí Escuela de emergencias medica Facultad de medicina Subjet: Scientific english Abbreviations: 120b Instructor: Marisol Barraza Msc Group presentation: proyect stroke Studens name Sherly guerra Tatiana Saldaña Letzy Quiroz Asignment: Project 4 Date: November: 21 th
Table of contents Glossary Stroke Causes Signs and Symptoms First aid Treatment Medication Prevention Risk Factors Bibliography
Glossary Stroke: derrame o ataque cerebral Clot: coágulo Signs and symptoms: signos y síntomas Weakness and numbness: debilidad y entumecimiento Dizziness: mareo Mood: humor Unconscionsness: inconsciencia
Swallowing: tragar Loss of bowel and bladder control: incontinencia de los esfínteres Reassure the victim: tranquilice la victima Pupils uneven size: pupilas con tamaño irregular o desigual Brain: cerebro Headache: dolor de cabeza.
Stroke Occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupled long enough to cause damage.
Causes A clot formed in an artery in the brain A clot formed in the artery carried to the brain in the bloodstream
Causes A ruptured artery in the brain Compression of an artery in the brain
Causes Brain tumors
Signs and Symptoms Weakness and numbness of the face, arm or leg, often on one side of the body only. Dizziness Confusion Headache Ringing in the ears A change of mood Difficulty speaking Unconsciousness Pupil of uneven size Difficulty in breathing and swallowing Loss of bowel and bladder control
First aid treatment Recognize the signs and symptoms Stop the victim to whatever he/she is doing and rest Promptly obtain professional help Reassure the victim and keep them comfortable Do not give anything by mouth If the victim vomits, allow for fluids to drain from the mouth Monitor the airway,breathing and circulation Administer rescue breathing or CPR, if is required
Medications Tissue plasminogen activator, or t-PA given by injection Antiplatelet medicines: Antiplatelet medicines keep platelets in the blood from sticking together. Aspirin Aspirin combined with dipyridamole(Aggrenox) Clopidogrel Anticoagulants: Anticoagulants prevent blood clots from forming and keep existing blood clots from getting bigger.
Statins: Statins lower cholesterol and can greatly reduce the risk of stroke Blood pressure medicines: Medicines to low high blood pressure Angiotensin II receptor blockers Angiotensin- converting enzyme Beta- blockers Cilcium channel blockers Diuretics
Risk Factors Controllable Risk Factors: Carotid Artery Disease High Blood Pressure Cigarette Smoking Heart Disease Diabetes Warning Signs or History of Stroke
Lack of Exercise Obesity Excessive Alcohol Consumption High Cholesterol Uncontrollable Risk Factors: Advanced Age Previous Stroke Heredity
Prevention Control your blood pressure. Stop smoking If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation Find out if you have high cholesterol
If you have diabetes, take measures to control the condition Include exercise in your daily routine Eat a healthy diet If you experience any stroke symptoms, immediatly look for medical attention.