Presentation on theme: "How our culture has changed over time"— Presentation transcript:
1 How our culture has changed over time Social ChangeHow our culture has changed over time
2 Social Change - Jeannette In what ways has the society/culture at Jeannette High School changed over the past ten years?How has it remained the same?
3 Sources of Social Change What causes social change?1. Values and beliefs2. Technology3. Population4. Diffusion5. Physical Environment6. Wars and Conquests
4 Values and BeliefsIdeology – A system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral, religious, political, or economic interests held by a group or by societyIdeologies often spread through social movementsA social movement is a long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social change.What are some examples of social movements?
11 TechnologyTechnology – The knowledge and tools people use to manipulate their environmentMaterial Inventions:Computers, Social Media, TwitterNonmaterial Inventions:Political MovementsReligious Movements
12 PopulationChanges in the size of the population will bring changed in cultureNew People = New CulturesWhat are some common foods that did NOT originate in this country?
13 Population How can population affect the economy? Growing population will stimulate the economyDeclining population will need fewer goods and servicesHow can the age of the population impact social and cultural changes?Fewer babies = Less need for schools, rec centers
14 DiffusionDiffusion – Borrowing ideas, beliefs, and material objects from other societiesHow has technology increased cultural diffusion?
15 DiffusionSocieties generally adopt material culture and technology more freely than ideas and beliefsMaterial Culture:Tools, WeaponsIdeas and Beliefs:GovernmentReligion
16 Diffusion Works Both Ways Culture adopted by America:Pasta from ItalySushi from JapanGolf from Scotland
17 Diffusion Works Both Ways American culture adopted by other countries:American moviesAmerican musicAmerican carsSoft drinksFast food
18 Physical EnvironmentThe physical environment can encourage or discourage cultural changeNatural disasters (floods, earthquakes)Natural Resources:High Fuel PricesFuel ShortagesHybrid Cars
19 Wars and ConquestsBring the greatest change in the shortest amount of timeProperty destroyed/rebuiltAdvances in technologyChanges in economyChanges in governmentSeptember 11, 2001
20 Resistance to Change Resistance #1 – Ethnocentrism Change that comes from outside a society is often met with strong resistancePeople tend to believe that their own ideas and ways of doing things are the bestExtreme ethnocentrism can make cultural change difficult or even impossibleExample: Only buying American products
21 Resistance to Change Resistance #2 – Cultural Lag Cultural lag – Some traits change rapidly, some traits take more timeMaterial culture changes faster than nonmaterialWhy do we have a summer break?Children were needed to work on farmsFarming has decreased…summer breaks still exist
22 Resistance to Change Resistance #3 – Vested Interests Resistant to changes that threaten their standard of livingAn imperfect present is better than an unknown future