Presentation on theme: "American Literature Introduction. Historical Background 1.Early history: 1) In 1542, Christopher Columbus found the new continent called America. 2) In."— Presentation transcript:
American Literature Introduction
Historical Background 1.Early history: 1) In 1542, Christopher Columbus found the new continent called America. 2) In 1607, Captain John Smith led some Englishmen across the ocean. 3) In 1620, 102 passengers sailed on the ship Mayflower across the sea and settled on the new continent New England. What do you know about American early history?
Historical Background 2. People: native inhabitants: Indians Immigrants mostly from Europe: Spanish; Dutch; French English immigrants, Jamestown, Virginia, 1607 Puritans a group of religious people advocated religious &moral principles
Historical Background 3. Belief---Puritanism Puritans wanted to purify the church to its original state, because they thought the church was corrupted and had too many rituals a code of values a philosophy of life a point of view Calvinists took roots in the New World
Doctrines of Puritans taking religion as the most important thing; living for glorifying God; believing predestination, original sin, total depravi, & limited atonement
American Puritanism Features of American Puritan idealistdream they would build the new land to an Eden on earth. more practical, tougher the severe conditions struggle for survival preoccupied with business and profits
American Puritanism Enduring shaping influence on literature Basis of American literature went into the making of American literature dreamed of living under a perfect order worked with courage hoped to build an Eden of Garden on earth faced the worst of life with optimism All literature is based on a myth – garden of Eden.
American Puritanism Contributing to the development of Symbolism: a technique, widely used Puritans thought that all the simple objects existing in the world connoted deep meaning. Symbolism means using symbols in literary works. The symbol means something that represents or stands for abstract deep meaning.
American Puritanism Influencing the style of literature: simple, fresh and direct (just as the style of the Authorized Version of Holy Bible) Without understanding of Puritanism, there can be no good understanding of American culture and literature.
Brief Outline of American Literature 1. Colonial period and Revolutionary period 2.Romanticism 3.The age of Realism 4. The Modern period 5. After the WWII
Time: 1607 the Independence War the settlement of North America 1783 Major topic:American Puritanism Colonial period and Revolutionary period
Benjamin Franklin Jonathan Edwards
Romanticism Time: 1783 the Civil War the Independence War 1861 American ideal of democracy & equality, industrialization, westward expansion, foreign influences literary expansion & expression possible & inevitable
Romanticism ( ) Washington Irving James Fenimore Cooper
Summit of Romanticism-Transcendentalism (American Renaissance) Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry DavidThoreau
Late Romanticism Nathaniel HawthorneHerman Melville not optimistic
Romantic Poets Walt Whitman Emily Dickinson
Romanticism Edgar Allen Poe the most controversial & the most misunderstood
The age of Realism Time: 1861 the First World War the Civil War 1914 concern for the common-place offer an objective view
The Age of Realism ( ) Mark Twain Henry James
Naturalism Stephen Crane Theodore Dreiser
Conclusion Early Romanticism The age of Realism Colonial period and Revolutionary period Irving Franklin Cooper Emerson Hawthorne Poe Whitman Dickenson Twain James Dreiser Melville Thoreau Transcendentalism Late Romanticism poets