Presentation on theme: "What is AN IDIOM? It is a group of words with a special meaning which is different from the meanings of the separate words. For example, to show a leg."— Presentation transcript:
1What is AN IDIOM?It is a group of words with a special meaning which is different from the meanings of the separate words.For example, to show a leg , regardless of what the separate words might suggest means TO GET UP.
2TYPES OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS There are various types of IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS. Some of them are based on:CLOTHESWEATHERINSTRUMENTSCOMPOUND ADJECTIVESALLITERATIONIRREGULAR VERBSSIMILIESPREPOSITIONSPAIRS OF WORDSNUMBERSNATIONALITIESNAMESFOODCOLOURPARTS OF THE BODYANIMALS
3PAIRS OF WORDS NATIONALITIES NUMBERS NAMES e.g. safe and sound(undamaged, safe)sick and tired(enough of sth)NATIONALITIESe.g. to go Dutch (share the costof the meal, tickets etc)Indian summer (theperiod of warm weathertowards the end of thesummer or in the autumn)NUMBERSe.g. to have second thoughts(to form an opinion afterreconsidering sth)a four-letter word (a tabooword)NAMESe.g. Jack of all trades (sb whohas an ability to do a lot ofdifferent jobs)every Tom, Dick orHarry (everyone andanyone, an ordinary person)
4PARTS OF THE BODY ANIMALS FOOD COLOUR e.g. to be two-faced (to be a hypocrite)to see eye to eye with sb (to agree)ANIMALSe.g. a bookworm (sb who spends plenty of time reading)a rat-race (a competition for success)FOODe.g. a piece of cake (sth veryeasy)full of beans (full of lifeand energy)COLOURe.g. out of the blue(unexpectedly)to see red (to be extremelyangry)
5CLOTHES WEATHER INSTRUMENTS COMPOUND ADJECTIVES e.g. a blue-collar worker (sbwho does hard, dirty work)to pull one’s socks up(to mobilise and improveone’s work)WEATHERe.g. to feel under theweather (to feel unwell)come rain or shine(always)INSTRUMENTSe.g. as fit as a fiddle (in perfecthealth)to blow one’s owntrumpet (to praise oneself)COMPOUNDADJECTIVESe.g. broad-minded (willing toaccept opinions of other people)single-handed (alone,without anyone’s help)
6SIMILES IRREGULAR VERBS (an expression which describes one thing by comparing it with another)e.g. as drunk as a lord (very drunk)as alike as two peas in a pod (very alike)PREPOSITIONSe.g. down the drain (wasted)out of date (no longer inuse or fashion)ALLITERATION( the repeated use of the same letter or sound)e.g. wishy-washy (thin, waterycoffee, tea)sing-song (a repeated risingand falling of the voice inspeaking)IRREGULARVERBSe.g. to beat about the bush(to avoid saying directly whatone wants to say)to make up one’s mind(to take a decision)
7PHRASAL VERBS, COLLOCATIONS and SAYINGS can also be classified as IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS.
8EXAMPLES OF PHRASAL VERBS (groups of words which consist usually of a verb and preposition): to get away with (avoid punishment)to look down on (to despise)
9EXAMPLES OF COLLOCATIONS (groups of words which naturally go together through common use): a heavy smoker (sb who smokes a lot)peace of mind (freedom from troubling thoughts)
10EXAMPLES OF SAYINGS (well-known wise statements): The best things in life are free. (You can’t buy the most precious things like freedom, happiness, friendship etc)Life is no bed of roses. (There are problems in life)