Presentation on theme: "What is AN IDIOM? It is a group of words with a special meaning which is different from the meanings of the separate words. For example, to show a leg,"— Presentation transcript:
What is AN IDIOM? It is a group of words with a special meaning which is different from the meanings of the separate words. For example, to show a leg, regardless of what the separate words might suggest means TO GET UP.
TYPES OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS There are various types of IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS. Some of them are based on: 4 PAIRS OF WORDS 4 NUMBERS 4 NATIONALITIES 4 NAMES 4 FOOD 4 COLOUR 4 PARTS OF THE BODY 4 ANIMALS 4 CLOTHES 4 WEATHER 4 INSTRUMENTS 4 COMPOUND ADJECTIVES 4 ALLITERATION 4 IRREGULAR VERBS 4 SIMILIES 4 PREPOSITIONS
PAIRS OF WORDS e.g. safe and sound (undamaged, safe) sick and tired (enough of sth) NATIONALITIES e.g. to go Dutch (share the cost of the meal, tickets etc) Indian summer (the period of warm weather towards the end of the summer or in the autumn) NUMBERS e.g. to have second thoughts (to form an opinion after reconsidering sth) a four-letter word (a taboo word) NAMES e.g. Jack of all trades (sb who has an ability to do a lot of different jobs) every Tom, Dick or Harry (everyone and anyone, an ordinary person)
FOOD e.g. a piece of cake (sth very easy) full of beans (full of life and energy) COLOUR e.g. out of the blue (unexpectedly) to see red (to be extremely angry) PARTS OF THE BODY e.g. to be two-faced (to be a hypocrite) to see eye to eye with sb (to agree) ANIMALS e.g. a bookworm (sb who spends plenty of time reading) a rat-race (a competition for success)
CLOTHES e.g. a blue-collar worker (sb who does hard, dirty work) to pull ones socks up (to mobilise and improve ones work) WEATHER e.g. to feel under the weather (to feel unwell) come rain or shine (always) INSTRUMENTS e.g. as fit as a fiddle (in perfect health) to blow ones own trumpet (to praise oneself) COMPOUND ADJECTIVES e.g. broad-minded (willing to accept opinions of other people ) single-handed (alone, without anyones help)
ALLITERATION ( the repeated use of the same letter or sound) e.g. wishy-washy (thin, watery coffee, tea) sing-song (a repeated rising and falling of the voice in speaking) IRREGULAR VERBS e.g. to beat about the bush (to avoid saying directly what one wants to say) to make up ones mind (to take a decision) SIMILES ( an expression which describes one thing by comparing it with another) e.g. as drunk as a lord (very drunk) as alike as two peas in a pod ( very alike ) PREPOSITIONS e.g. down the drain (wasted) out of date (no longer in use or fashion)
PHRASAL VERBS, COLLOCATIONS and SAYINGS can also be classified as IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS.
EXAMPLES OF PHRASAL VERBS (groups of words which consist usually of a verb and preposition): 4 to get away with (avoid punishment) 4 to look down on (to despise)
EXAMPLES OF COLLOCATIONS ( groups of words which naturally go together through common use): 4 a heavy smoker (sb who smokes a lot) 4 peace of mind (freedom from troubling thoughts)
EXAMPLES OF SAYINGS (well-known wise statements): 4 The best things in life are free. (You cant buy the most precious things like freedom, happiness, friendship etc) 4 Life is no bed of roses. (There are problems in life)