Presentation on theme: "The Rail Track Analogy Ties"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Rail Track Analogy Ties Each side of a set of railroad tracks supports a different wheel of the trainThe ties between the tracks keep them coordinatedTiesTrackTrack
2 The Rail Track Analogy BA’s two tracks are: Budget Formulation and Budget Execution
3 The Rail Track AnalogyThe BA train never runs on only one track
4 The Rail Track AnalogyThe ties of laws and apportionment help execution to follow formulation.And ties of data help formulation to follow execution.
5 The Rail Track AnalogyBudget monitoring reports are one link between formulation and execution
6 The Rail Track AnalogyMonitoring reports compare budget formulation to budget execution
7 Information Ties These Tracks Together Through the Budget Year Information Ties:Treasury Budget Execution DataSite VisitsTelephone ContactsMonitoring ReportsFormal EvaluationsAuditsNews ReportsAuditDataVisitsTelephone CallsMonitoring Reports
8 Examples of Formulation Activities performed by Analysts 1. Calculating the Base for an activity or program2. Preparing and sending clear budget instructions to spending units3. Answering questions from spending units
9 More Formulation Activities 4.Transmitting budget allocation ceilings5.Reviewing formal Budget Requests6. Analyzing appeals for more money above the allocations
10 More Formulation Activities 7. Devising spending options8. Preparing materials and answering questions for Government and Parliament as they enact the new budget
11 The Fiscal Note TaskPreparing cost/revenue estimates for new proposals that are made after the budget for the year has been enactedMany countries call this a fiscal note, because it is added to the proposal when it is officially introduced
18 Following media reports on programs or activities From newspapers, magazines, TV and Internet
19 Devising long term evaluations of that can be used in future years The analyst often seeks outside sources for these major reviews, including:- audit reports- university studies- volunteer researchers- consultants- Internationalagencies
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