Presentation on theme: "On September 17, 1862, at Antietam Creek, Maryland, over 23,000 Union and Confederate soldiers (twice the number lost during D-Day in World War II, were."— Presentation transcript:
On September 17, 1862, at Antietam Creek, Maryland, over 23,000 Union and Confederate soldiers (twice the number lost during D-Day in World War II, were killed or wounded. This battle was the bloodiest day of fighting in American history, with a stunning number of casualties left in its wake. THREE PIVOTAL BATTLES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
BATTLE OF ANTIETAM (BATTLE OF SHARPSBURG BY THE CONFEDERATES) Though Union troops had halted Confederate advance toward Washington, D.C., neither side emerged as the decisive victor. The battle was a symbolic victory for the Union. Encouraged by the Confederate retreat, President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION Lincoln’s proclamation states that unless the South surrenders by Jan. 1, 1863, “all slaves in states in rebellion against the United States will be free.” If the South surrendered, slavery would continue in the southern states. The Confederate leaders chose to continue to fight and the war continued.
BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG Of the more than 2,000 land engagements of the Civil War, Gettysburg ranks supreme. Although the Battle of Gettysburg did not end the war, it was the great battle of the war, marking the point when the ultimate victory of the North over the South became clear to both sides alike. Here at Gettysburg, on July 1, 2, and 3, 1863, more men fought and died than in any other battle in American history. In November of 1863, President Lincoln went to the battlefield to dedicate it as a national military cemetery. Lincoln’s famous two-minute speech is known as the Gettysburg Address.
BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA The Battle of Chickamauga (Indian name meaning River of Death) was the biggest battle fought in Georgia. With 34,000 casualties, it is considered to be the second bloodiest battle of the war – only Gettysburg, with 51,000, was deadlier. The battle was a part of a larger Northern objective to capture Chattanooga – an important railroad center and to use its capture as a stepping stone to capture a more important railroad hub – Atlanta. This battle is important for two reasons: it was the largest Union defeat in the Western Theater of the Civil War. led to the South’s failed attempt to recapture Chattanooga – thus making it the launching point for Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign – a gateway to the South.