Part I, Chapter Four: Phonics IV: Word Parts THIS CHAPTER IN A NUTSHELL This chapter will help you learn 30 common word parts that are used in many words. Prefixes appear at the beginning of words; roots appear anywhere in a word; and suffixes appear at the end of words.
WORD PARTS There are three types of word parts: 1 Prefixes 2 Suffixes 3 Roots
WORD PARTS Learning word parts will help your pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary. Also, because word parts have meanings, knowing them can help you figure out the meaning of a word you dont know.
PREFIXES A prefix is a word part that is added to the beginning of a word. The prefix un means not. When un is added to known, a word with the opposite meaning is formed: unknown.
exout, from in (im)within, into; not prebefore postafter subbelow, under superover, above; beyond misbadly; wrong monoone unnot reagain, back PREFIXES Ten common prefixes and their meanings: PrefixExamples exit inside, improbable prepare postgraduate submarine superior mislead, misunderstand monotony unwanted rewrite, respond
SUFFIXES A suffix is a word part that is added to the end of a word. The suffix less means without. When less is added to life, we get a word with the opposite meaning: lifeless.
able (ible)able to be ion (tion)state of being; act of er (or)a person who does something ista person skilled at something fulfull of lesswithout isma practice; belief; set of principles mentstate of being ishsimilar to lyin a certain way; at a certain time SUFFIXES Ten common suffixes and their meanings: Suffix Examples enjoyable, edible limitation, celebration dancer, mayor artist, therapist joyful, suspenseful homeless terrorism, communism engagement foolish loudly, hourly
ROOTS A root is a words basic part and carries its fundamental meaning. The word telegraph, for example, is made up of two roots: tele (which means from a distance) and graph (which means write).
bene (bon)good, well portcarry biolife ven (vent)come man (manu)hand ped (pod)foot autoself telefar, over a distance spectlook aud (audi, audit)hear ROOTS Ten common roots and their meanings: Root Examples benediction, bonus transport biology revenue, invent manage, manufacture pedestal, tripod automatic telescope inspect audience, auditorium
CHAPTER REVIEW In this chapter, you learned the following: Learning common word parts will help your pronunciation, spelling, and vocabulary. There are three types of word parts: Prefixes appear at the beginning of a word: unknown, misfortune Suffixes appear at the end of a word: lifeless, sadly Roots can appear anywhere in a word: predict, audible, revenue