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1 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 1 Sustainable Development Communications Network Enhancing International Cooperation on.

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Presentation on theme: "1 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 1 Sustainable Development Communications Network Enhancing International Cooperation on."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 1 Sustainable Development Communications Network Enhancing International Cooperation on Biomass PRESENTED BY: DR CLIVE RICHARDSON Vienna, 11-13 May 2005

3 2 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 2 JATROPHA CURCAS THE POWER PLANT

4 3 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 3 Main Distribution regions- of Jatropha Curcas

5 4 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Renewable energy for a sustainable future

6 5 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 5

7 6 6 1. Agro -forestry Certified seeds Tissue culture Truncheons Developed into Certified D1 JCL seedlings, grown & seeds harvested 2. Crushing Plant Seed is taken to the depot Where oil is extracted – D1 Tech Oil – Seed cake Seedcake - processed into Organic fertilizer – Power 3. D1 20 processing plant converts oil to D1 BioDiesel to the standard of En14214

8 7 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 7 India

9 8 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 8 Egypt - Luxury

10 9 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 9 Egypt - Luxury

11 10 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 10 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 South Africa

12 11 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 11 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Nepal

13 12 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 12 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Philippines

14 13 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 13 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 An earth to engine strategy: SEED Jatropha from which Bio Diesel is produced is an indigenous species in many countries, planted once every 30 years, estimated 250k tonnes already produced today with climatic conditions ideal for further development. Feedstock of choice: high oil yield, fast growing, non-edible, durable, long production life, profitable by-products. Ensure quality and supply of seed. Replicate optimum yielding plants via micro propagation (MP) for specific areas. OIL SALES REFINING EARTH VEGETABLE OIL BIODIESELENGINE

15 14 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 14 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 An earth to engine strategy: YIELD D1 Oils Jatropha nuts yield an average of 40% crude non-edible vegetable oil Jatropha less dependent on climate and soil conditions than other energy crops Fast and sustainable propagation – Jatropha trees bearing nuts within 18 months and productive for 30 years Capable of both intercrop and boundary planting, on non prime land creating flexible supply of potential land sites Planting, cultivating and harvesting provides significant new employment for rural communities EARTH VEGETABLE OIL BIODIESELENGINE OIL SALES REFINING

16 15 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 15 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 An earth to engine strategy: ENGINE Car and heavy vehicle manufacturers such as Audi, Daimler Chrysler and Volvo make models that accept pure bio diesel without modification to the engine All modern diesel cars can run on blended fuel without engine modifications, so can lorries, trains, public service vehicles and plant machinery EARTH VEGETABLE OIL BIODIESELENGINE OIL SALES REFINING

17 16 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 16 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 The Growing Bio diesel Market faces a shortage of Energy crops Security of Supply Emissions Reductions (Kyoto Protocol) Foreign Government Policies (Clean air acts) Consumer and Industrial demand Bio diesel market drivers Current global bio diesel production is 1.3 million tonnes growing at 14% per year and predicted to reach 2.7 million tonnes by 2010 Bio fuel policies recommending bio diesel blends should create 7.2 million tonnes of demand by 2010 A production gap of 4.5 million tonnes is currently predicted by 2010 D1s approach to this opportunity involves: Securing the feedstock supply chain Introducing modular refining technology Guaranteeing domestic markets for bio diesel distribution Guaranteeing export markets for crude vegetable oils

18 17 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 17 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 SALIENT FEATURES OF JATROPHA Perennial hardy shrub, drought resistant and survives well in arid and semi arid tropics. Grows well in all types of soil and even in poor, marginal and degraded waste lands. Easy to cultivate & propagate. Not browsed by cattle, no major pest & diseases.

19 18 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 18 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 ECONOMIC FEATURES OF JATROPHA Cost effective, renewable and environmentally safe bio fuel. Jatropha removes carbon from atmosphere. Jatropha oil cake contains high nutritive value and used as manure. Also has insecticidal properties. Bi-products: Glycerol - used for various downstream products

20 19 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 19 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 TARGET OUTPUT PER HECTARE 1000 trees per acre produces : Seed - 5 Tones Seed cake - 3 Tones Vegetable Oil - 2 Tones Glycerol - 0.2 Tones Estimated Bio Diesel production per acre is 2,200 litres Potential yields of 6 tonnes per acre and 55% oil Extraction are attainable

21 20 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 20 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Collar Girth Leaf Area Root Length Measurements of Growth Parameters Humidified seeds Scarified seeds Rinsing with tap water 16 hours humidification (2 N HCL) D1 PDC recommended seed treatment practices

22 21 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 21 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 DESCRIPTIONDATAREMARKS Number of bunches /plant750 bunchesPotential No of fruits per bunch10 fruits No of fruits per plant7500 fruits On an average of 5 fruits per bunch (750 x 5)3750 fruitsAverage No of seeds per fruit3 seedsAverage No of seeds out of 3750 fruits (3750 x3)11250 seedsAverage No of seeds per kilogram1200 seeds/kg Seed Yield per plant in kg (1/1200 x 11250)9 kg No of plants per acre 1200 to 1500 a) if (2mx2.0m=1200) (1200 x 9)10.08 mt b) if (2mx1.5m=1500) (1500 x 9)13.50 mt c) if (2mx1.0m=2000) (2000 x 9)18.00 mt

23 22 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 22 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Factors effecting the deterioration of Jatropha seeds Seeds Physical Chemical Biological Storage container Place of storage Method of storage Seed chemistry Presence of natural anti oxidants Seed moisture content Micobial load Type of microorganisms

24 23 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 23 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Fruit borer Leaf webber Achaea janata Weaver caterpillar Calidea bug These pests can be effectively controlled by bio pesticides Mite infestation

25 24 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 24 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Root rot symptoms Cercospora leaf spot Collar rot symptoms These diseases can be effectively controlled by bio fungicides

26 25 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 25 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 POST HARVEST SEED MAINTENANCE Screening of seeds and removing infected and discolored seeds before storage Packing in Dry and disinfected (Malathion) bags Maintaining a moisture content of less than 8% Using synthetic antioxidants like BHA-Butyrated hydroxy anisole or BHT- Butyrated hydroxy toluene if needed Post harvest pest management- use of botanics- Nochi (Vitax negundo) leaf powder @5% Preventing microbial lipase activity Storing the seeds in dry and cool place Periodical seed inspection to detect fungal infection

27 26 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 26 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Kernels (Defatted protein) Water purification Effluent procesing Pharmaceutical Food processing Textiles Petrochemical Steel industry Nuclear power stations Dye industry Desalinisation FRUITS LEAVES WHOLE PLANT BARK SHELLSEEDS HULL KERNELS Crude Oil Biodiesel - Lubricant Illumination - Phorbolesters: Edible oil Bio pesticides Soap production (Kill vector snails Other cosmetics of Schistosomiasis) Rodenticde Medicinal uses Seed cake or expeller Animal feed (protein supplement) Organic fertilizer Rodent repellant Anti inflammatory agents Silviculture Tannins Dyes Erosion control As a hedge Shelter plant for other crops Rodent repellant Sap: Medicinal uses Fuel, mulch and biogas Jatropha curcas and its potentials ACTIVATED CARBON Water purification Pollution control Molecular sieves Pharmaceutical Crude oil (Removal of FFA, Gums & Waxes) Raw material for soap industry Transesterification Bio diesel Glycerin Fuel Pharmaceutical Food processing Explosives Paint industry Lubricant Defrosting Runways/ Roadways

28 27 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 27 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Oil Crops Renewable CO 2 Used in Automobiles Environmental benefits of Bio-Diesel – Pertro-Diesel Biodiesel gradeB100B20 Total unburnt hydrocarbons-93%-30% Carbon monoxide-50%-20% Particulate matter-30%-22% NOx+13%+2% Sulphates-100%-20% Polyciclic aromatic hydrocarbons -80%-13% nPAH 2-nitroflurene,1- nitropyrene -90%-50% Ozone(smog) forming potentional -50%-10% Life cycle emissions Corbon dioxide-80% Sulphur dioxide-100%

29 28 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 28 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Project Documentation Preparation and review of the Project Periodic verification & certification Project Idea Note Project Concept Note Project Concept Document (or equivalent) Baseline Study and Monitoring and Verification Plan (MVP) Project Design Document Baseline study and ER projections Monitoring and Verification Plan Validation process Validation protocol and report Negotiation of Project agreements Project Appraisal and related documentation Term sheet Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement Host Country Agreement or equivalent Construction and start up Initial verification report Verification report Supervision report Project completion

30 29 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 29 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 Project design: identification, preparation, review Negotiations of purchase agreement Validation Report and Opinion Baseline Study, Monitoring Plan CERs Project Cycle Project Implementation and Initial Verification Transfer ERs to Participants accounts Periodic verification & certification of ERs Production of ERs and monitoring PCF payments for ERs to Project Entity

31 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 30 5th Global Forum on Sustainable Energy Vienna, 11-13 May 2005 30 Dr. Clive Richardson D1 Oils plc 100 Pall Mall London SW1Y 5HP www.d1plc.com


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